在lnmp架构中,通常一台装有nginx服务器做反向代理服务器,又做内网的路由。在这台服务器上绑有一个公网ip和一个内网ip.我们把域名解析到这个公网ip上,让nginx代理到后端的web服务器上,这样我们就可以访问到我们的站点,与此同时必须让内网访问外网。这台反向代理服务器又需要做内网的路由。这台服务器,在整个应用架构中相当重要。下面我来阐述一下nginx+keepalived双机实现nginx反向代理服务的高可用。也就是说在当一台nginx挂掉之后不影响应用也不影响内网访问外网。

一、架构图

nginx+keepalived实现高可用。_高可用

 二、部署

1、在0.205和0.207上安装keepalived(略请参考http://linux008.blog.51cto.com/2837805/665390
2、keepalived配置
      192.168.0.205

# cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id yuangnag.com
}
vrrp_script check_run {
    script "/root/bin/nginx_check.sh"
    interval 5
}
vrrp_sync_group VG1 {
     group {
        VI_1
     }
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
     state MASTER
     interface eth0
     virtual_router_id 88
     priority 100
     advert_int 1
     nopreempt
     authentication {
         auth_type PASS
         auth_pass yuangang.net
     }
     track_script {
         check_run
     }
     virtual_ipaddress {
         192.168.0.206/24 dev eth0
         110.110.110.25/25 dev eth1
     }
}
启动脚本写入到/etc/rc.local里
#echo "/etc/init.d/keepalived start" >> /etc/rc.local

     192.168.0.207

# cat /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
! Configuration File for keepalived
global_defs {
    router_id yuangang.com
}
vrrp_script check_run {
    script "/root/bin/nginx_check.sh"
    interval 5
}
vrrp_sync_group VG1 {
     group {
       VI_1 
     }
}
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
     state BACKUP
     interface eth0
     virtual_router_id 88
     priority 80
     advert_int 1
     authentication {
         auth_type PASS
         auth_pass yuangang.com
     }
     track_script {
         check_run
     }
     virtual_ipaddress {
         192.168.0.206/24 dev eth0
         110.110.110.25/25 dev eth1
     }
}
启动脚本写入到/etc/rc.local里
#echo "/etc/init.d/keepalived start" >> /etc/rc.local

 分别在192.168.0.205和192.168.0.207编写检测nginx服务是否正常。脚本如下:

# cat /root/bin/nginx_check.sh 
#!/bin/bash
A=`ps -C nginx --no-header |wc -l`
if [ $A -eq 0 ]
 then
        /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
        sleep 1
        if [ `ps -C nginx --no-header |wc -l` -eq 0 ]
          then
                killall keepalived
        fi
fi

 3、iptables配置

       192.168.0.205和192.168.0.207iptables都做如下设置

# cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables
# Firewall configuration written by system-config-securitylevel
# Manual customization of this file is not recommended.
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:RH-Firewall-1-INPUT - [0:0]
-A INPUT -j RH-Firewall-1-INPUT
-A FORWARD -j RH-Firewall-1-INPUT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type any -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p 50 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p 51 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p udp --dport 5353 -d 224.0.0.251 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 631 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 631 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 21 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8080 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 7080 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 6080 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8081 -j ACCEPT
COMMIT
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [12001:793841]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]-A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE  -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to-source 110.110.110.25 COMMIT

 4、验证
       当192.168.0.205nginx服务宕机或重启,vip会飘移到192.168.0.207上;当192.168.0.205,正常后vip会再次绑定到192.168.0.205上。

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