k8s集群中的应用通常是通过ingress实现微服务发布的,前文介绍过在K8S集群中使用traefik实现服务的自动发布,其实现方式是traefik通过集群的DNS服务来解析service对应的集群地址(clusterip),从而将用户的访问请求转发到集群地址上。因此,在部署完集群后的第一件事情应该是配置DNS服务,目前可选的方案有skydns, kube-dns, coredns。

kube-dns是Kubernetes中的一个内置插件,目前作为一个独立的开源项目维护,见https://github.com/kubernetes/dns。该DNS服务器利用SkyDNS的库来为Kubernetes pod和服务提供DNS请求。

CoreDNS项目是SkyDNS2的作者,Miek Gieben采用更模块化,可扩展的框架构建,将此DNS服务器作为Kube-DNS的替代品。CoreDNS作为CNCF中的托管的一个项目,在Kuberentes1.9版本中,使用kubeadm方式安装的集群可以通过以下命令直接安装CoreDNS。
kubeadm init --feature-gates=CoreDNS=true。
本文将介绍coredns的配置

关于在1.5.2 rpm集群版本上配置skydns服务请参考:
http://blog.51cto.com/ylw6006/2067923

关于traefik实现微服务发布请参考:
http://blog.51cto.com/ylw6006/2072667
http://blog.51cto.com/ylw6006/2073718

关于kube-dns的详细介绍可以参考大牛博客:
https://jimmysong.io/posts/configuring-kubernetes-kube-dns/

一、准备yaml配置文件
1、coredns-sa.yaml文件,创建ServiceAccount

# cat coredns-sa.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: coredns
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
      kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
      addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile

2、coredns-rbac.yaml文件,创建rbac ClusterRole和ClusterRoleBinding

# cat coredns-rbac.yaml 
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
  name: system:coredns
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - endpoints
  - services
  - pods
  - namespaces
  verbs:
  - list
  - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: EnsureExists
  name: system:coredns
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:coredns
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: coredns
  namespace: kube-system

3、coredns-configmap.yaml文件,定义Corefile配置文件的参数配置

# cat coredns-configmap.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: coredns
  namespace: kube-system
data:
  Corefile: |
    .:53 {
        errors
        log
        health
        kubernetes cluster.local 10.254.0.0/18
        proxy . /etc/resolv.conf
        cache 30
    }

4、coredns-deployment.yaml文件,定义pod的创建模板

# cat coredns-deployment.yaml 
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: coredns
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: coredns
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    kubernetes.io/name: "CoreDNS"
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: coredns
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: coredns
      annotations:
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/tolerations: '[{"key":"CriticalAddonsOnly", "operator":"Exists"}]'
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: coredns
      containers:
      - name: coredns
        image: coredns/coredns:latest
        imagePullPolicy: Always
        args: [ "-conf", "/etc/coredns/Corefile" ]
        volumeMounts:
        - name: config-volume
          mountPath: /etc/coredns
        ports:
        - containerPort: 53
          name: dns
          protocol: UDP
        - containerPort: 53
          name: dns-tcp
          protocol: TCP
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /health
            port: 8080
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 60
          timeoutSeconds: 5
          successThreshold: 1
          failureThreshold: 5
      dnsPolicy: Default
      volumes:
        - name: config-volume
          configMap:
            name: coredns
            items:
            - key: Corefile
              path: Corefile

5、 coredns-service.yaml文件,定义服务的名称

# cat coredns-service.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: coredns
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: coredns
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    kubernetes.io/name: "CoreDNS"
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: coredns
  clusterIP: 10.254.0.2
  ports:
  - name: dns
    port: 53
    protocol: UDP
  - name: dns-tcp
    port: 53
protocol: TCP

二、通过yaml配置文件创建coredns

# kubectl get node
# kubectl get pod,svc,deployment,rc
# kubectl get pod,svc,deployment,rc -n kube-system
# cd yaml/coredns/
# ls -l
# kubectl create -f .

K8S集群部署Coredns服务

# kubectl get pod,svc,deployment,rc -n kube-system

K8S集群部署Coredns服务
三、创建一个nginx服务用于测试

# kubectl create -f .
# kubectl get pod,svc,deployment,rc 
# kubectl run -i --tty busybox --image=registry.59iedu.com/busybox /bin/sh  

K8S集群部署Coredns服务