今天花了几个小时折腾了下Nginx+PHP7编译安装和配置,写个博文记录下.


系统环境:centos6.5 x64

软件版本:nginx-1.10.0 php-7.0.6


安装 Nginx


Nginx官网:http://nginx.org/


先安装编译依赖的一些组件

yum install pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel -y


1、解压程序包

tar xf nginx-1.10.0.tar.gz 
cd nginx-1.10.0

2、预编译配置参数

./configure --user=www \
--group=www \
--prefix=/data/server/nginx \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--without-http-cache \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module

3、执行编译

make && make install

4、替换配置文件

  • nginx.conf

user  www www;
worker_processes  1;

error_log  /u01/data/log/nginx/error.log crit;
pid       /u01/data/server/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;

#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;

events
{
  use epoll;
  worker_connections 65535;
}


http {
        include       mime.types;
        default_type  application/octet-stream;

        #charset  gb2312;

        server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
        client_header_buffer_size 32k;
        large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
        client_max_body_size 8m;

        sendfile on;
        tcp_nopush     on;

        keepalive_timeout 60;

        tcp_nodelay on;

        fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
        fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
        fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
        fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
        fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
        fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;

        gzip on;
        gzip_min_length  1k;
        gzip_buffers     4 16k;
        gzip_http_version 1.0;
        gzip_comp_level 2;
        gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
        gzip_vary on;
        #limit_zone  crawler  $binary_remote_addr  10m;
        log_format main '$remote_addr - "$request_time" [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '"$status" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
        log_format '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for "$request_time"';
        include /u01/alidata/server/nginx/conf/vhosts/*.conf;
}
  • 虚拟主机配置文件模板

server {
        listen       8080;
        server_name  localhost;
        index index.html index.htm index.php;
        root /u01/data/www;
        location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
        {
                fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                include fastcgi.conf;
        }

        location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
        {
                expires 30d;
        }
        location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
        {
                expires 1h;
        }
###this is to use open website lianjie like on apache##
        location / {
                if (!-e $request_filename) {
                        rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?s=$1 last;
                        break;
                }
        }
        location ~ /.svn/ {
        deny all;
        }
        ###end##
        access_log  /u01/data/log/nginx/access/test.log main;
}

5、提供Nginx启动脚本

#!/bin/bash
# nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server

nginxd=/alidata/server/nginx/sbin/nginx
nginx_config=/alidata/server/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
nginx_pid=/alidata/server/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

RETVAL=0
prog="nginx"

[ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0

# Start nginx daemons functions.
start() {

    if [ -e $nginx_pid ] && netstat -tunpl | grep nginx &> /dev/null;then
        echo "nginx already running...."
        exit 1
    fi

    echo -n $"Starting $prog!"
    $nginxd -c ${nginx_config}
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
    [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/nginx
    return $RETVAL
}


# Stop nginx daemons functions.
stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog!"
    $nginxd -s stop
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
    [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/nginx
}


# reload nginx service functions.
reload() {

    echo -n $"Reloading $prog!"
    #kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`
    $nginxd -s reload
    RETVAL=$?
    echo

}

# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
start)
        start
        ;;

stop)
        stop
        ;;

reload)
        reload
        ;;

restart)
        stop
        start
        ;;

*)
        echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|help}"
        exit 1
esac

exit $RETVAL

只需要稍加修改程序路径就可立即使用


安装 PHP7



PHP官网:http://php.net/


PHP扩展:http://pecl.php.net/


先安装一些为编译依赖的组建

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 make libtool autoconf patch unzip automake libxml2 libxml2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel libtool-ltdl libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg-devel openssl openssl-devel curl curl-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel libtool-ltdl autoconf automake libaio*


1、解压程序包

tar xf php-7.0.6.tar.bz2
cd php-7.0.6

2、安装编译依赖的图片库

jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz

libpng-1.2.50.tar.gz

freetype-2.1.10.tar.gz

# 安装 jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
# http://www.ijg.org/
#这个需要先创建好存放程序的文件夹不然会报错

mkdir /usr/local/jpeg.6/{bin,lib,include,man/man1} -pv
tar xf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz 
cd jpeg-6b/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg.6/
make && make install

# 安装 libpng-1.2.50.tar.gz
# http://www.libpng.org/pub/png/libpng.html
tar xf libpng-1.2.50.tar.gz
cd libpng-1.2.50
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng.1.2.50
make && make install


# 安装 freetype-2.1.10.tar.gz
# https://www.freetype.org/download.html

tar xf freetype-2.1.10.tar.gz
cd freetype-2.1.10
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype.2.1.10/
make && make install

3、预编译配置参数

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php7 \
--enable-opcache \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php7/etc \
--enable-mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-static \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-wddx \
--enable-zip \
--enable-calendar \
--with-gd \
--with-iconv \
--with-openssl \
--with-zlib \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-soap \
--with-xmlrpc \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-shared \
--with-curl \
--enable-xml \
--enable-ftp \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-mhash \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-session \
--with-gettext \
--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype.2.1.10 \
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg.6 \
--with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng.1.2.50 \
--disable-ipv6 \
--disable-debug \
--disable-maintainer-zts \
--disable-rpath \
--disable-fileinfo \
--without-gdbm \

4、执行编译

make && make install

# make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

5、提供php.ini文件

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
  • 配置php.ini

# 在840行左右-设置PHP的opcache和memcache扩展库

zend_extension=opcache.so
extension=memcache.so

# 722行左右-设置PHP的扩展库路径

extension_dir = "/usr/local/php7/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20151012/"

# 避免PHP信息暴露在http头中

expose_php = Off

# 避免暴露php调用mysql的错误信息

display_errors = Off

# 开启PHP错误日志(路径在php-fpm.conf中配置)

log_errors = On

# 设置PHP的时区

date.timezone = PRC

# 开启opcache(1733行左右)

opcache.enable=1

# 设置PHP脚本允许访问的目录

# open_basedir = /usr/share/nginx/html;

6、配置php-fpm

  • php-fpm.conf 进程服务主配置文件

# 设置错误日志的路径
error_log = /var/log/php-fpm/error.log

# 引入www.conf文件中的配置
include=/usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf

# 设置主进程打开的最大文件数
rlimit_files = 102400
  • www.conf 进程服务扩展配置文件

# 设置用户和用户组
user = www
group = www

# 设置php监听方式
# listen = 127.0.0.1:9000 

# 注意这里要设置PHP套接字文件的权限,默认是root,Nginx无法访问。
listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock



# 开启慢日志
slowlog = /var/log/php-fpm/php-slow.log
request_slowlog_timeout = 10s
request_terminate_timeout = 30

# 设置工作进程数(根据实际情况设置)
pm.max_children = 50
# 这里需要注意,pm.start_servers 不能小于 pm.min_spare_servers
pm.start_servers = 5
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 10
pm.max_requests = 10240

# 设置php的session目录(所属用户和用户组都是www)
php_value[session.save_handler] = files
php_value[session.save_path] = /var/tmp/php/session

7、提供php-fpm启动脚本

#! /bin/sh
#

prefix=/usr/local/php7
exec_prefix=${prefix}

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php-fpm
php_fpm_CONF=${prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
php_fpm_PID=${prefix}/var/run/php-fpm.pid


php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF --pid $php_fpm_PID"


wait_for_pid () {
        try=0

        while test $try -lt 35 ; do

                case "$1" in
                        'created')
                        if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
                                try=''
                                break
                        fi
                        ;;

                        'removed')
                        if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
                                try=''
                                break
                        fi
                        ;;
                esac

                echo -n .
                try=`expr $try + 1`
                sleep 1

        done

}

case "$1" in
        start)
                echo -n "Starting php-fpm "

                $php_fpm_BIN --daemonize $php_opts

                if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                fi

                wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID

                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                else
                        echo " done"
                fi
        ;;

        stop)
                echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php-fpm "

                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                fi

                kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID`

                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID

                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed. Use force-quit"
                        exit 1
                else
                        echo " done"
                fi
        ;;

        status)
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "php-fpm is stopped"
                        exit 0
                fi

                PID=`cat $php_fpm_PID`
                if ps -p $PID | grep -q $PID; then
                        echo "php-fpm (pid $PID) is running..."
                else
                        echo "php-fpm dead but pid file exists"
                fi
        ;;

        force-quit)
                echo -n "Terminating php-fpm "

                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                fi

                kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID`

                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID

                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                else
                        echo " done"
                fi
        ;;

        restart)
                $0 stop
                $0 start
        ;;

        reload)

                echo -n "Reload service php-fpm "

                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                fi

                kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID`

                echo " done"
        ;;

        *)
                echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status}"
                exit 1
        ;;

esac


八、启动php-fpm程序

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

# 修改套接字文件权限
chown -R www.www /var/run/php-fpm/