Windows Server 2008 R2 AD,我们需要配置在防火墙开启什么端口呢? 有没有官方文献说明呢?

我们可以参考 Microsoft TechNet 的文章
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd772723(v=ws.10).aspx

 

 

 

Active Directory and Active Directory Domain Services Port Requirements

93 out of 107 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

Updated: June 18, 2009

Applies To: Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 Foundation, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista

This guide contains port requirements for various Active Directory® and Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) components.


In a domain that consists of Windows Server® 2003–based domain controllers, the default dynamic port range is 1025 through 5000. Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008, in compliance with Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) recommendations, increased the dynamic port range for connections. The new default start port is 49152, and the new default end port is 65535. Therefore, you must increase the remote procedure call (RPC) port range in your firewalls. If you have a mixed domain environment that includes a Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008 server and Windows Server 2003, allow traffic through ports 1025 through 5000 and 49152 through 65535.

When you see “TCP Dynamic” in the Protocol and Port column in the following table, it refers to ports 1025 through 5000, the default port range for Windows Server 2003, and ports 49152 through 65535 for Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2008.


RPC traffic is used over a dynamic port range as described in the previous section, “Default dynamic port range.” To restrict RPC traffic to a specific port, see article 224196 in the Microsoft Knowledge Base (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=133489).


The following table lists the port requirements for establishing DC to DC communication in the following operating system environments:

  • Windows Server 2008 R2

     
  • Windows Server 2008

     
  • Windows Server 2003

     

 

Protocol and Port AD and AD DS Usage Type of traffic

TCP and UDP 389

Directory, Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Group Policy, Trusts

LDAP

TCP 636

Directory, Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Group Policy, Trusts

LDAP SSL

TCP 3268

Directory, Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Group Policy, Trusts

LDAP GC

TCP 3269

Directory, Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Group Policy, Trusts

LDAP GC SSL

TCP and UDP 88

User and Computer Authentication, Forest Level Trusts

Kerberos

TCP and UDP 53

User and Computer Authentication, Name Resolution, Trusts

DNS

TCP and UDP 445

Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Group Policy, Trusts

SMB,CIFS,SMB2, DFSN, LSARPC, NbtSS, NetLogonR, SamR, SrvSvc

TCP 25

Replication

SMTP

TCP 135

Replication

RPC, EPM

TCP Dynamic

Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Group Policy, Trusts

RPC, DCOM, EPM, DRSUAPI, NetLogonR, SamR, FRS

TCP 5722

File Replication

RPC, DFSR (SYSVOL)

UDP 123

Windows Time, Trusts

Windows Time

TCP and UDP 464

Replication, User and Computer Authentication, Trusts

Kerberos change/set password

UDP Dynamic

Group Policy

DCOM, RPC, EPM

UDP 138

DFS, Group Policy

DFSN, NetLogon, NetBIOS Datagram Service

TCP 9389

AD DS Web Services

SOAP

UDP 67 and UDP 2535

DHCP

noteNote
DHCP is not a core AD DS service but it is often present in many AD DS deployments.

 

 

DHCP, MADCAP

UDP 137

User and Computer Authentication,

NetLogon, NetBIOS Name Resolution

TCP 139

User and Computer Authentication, Replication

DFSN, NetBIOS Session Service, NetLogon