一、     目的

由于各种原因,需要将AIX操作系统升级补丁

 

二、     当前环境

AIX 6100-08-02-1316

 

# oslevel -sq

Known Service Packs

-------------------

6100-08-02-1316

6100-08-01-1245

6100-08-00-0000

6100-07-06-1241

6100-07-05-1228

6100-07-04-1216

6100-07-03-1207

6100-07-02-1150

6100-07-01-1141

6100-06-10-1241

6100-06-09-1228

6100-06-08-1216

6100-06-07-1207

6100-06-06-1140

6100-06-05-1115

6100-06-04-1112

6100-06-03-1048

6100-06-02-1044

6100-06-01-1043

6100-05-09-1228

6100-05-08-1207

6100-05-07-1140

6100-05-06-1119

6100-05-05-1112

6100-05-04-1048

6100-05-03-1036

6100-05-02-1034

6100-05-01-1016

6100-04-11-1140

6100-04-10-1119

6100-04-09-1112

6100-04-08-1048

6100-04-07-1036

6100-04-06-1034

6100-04-05-1015

6100-04-04-1014

6100-04-03-1009

6100-04-02-1007

6100-04-01-0944

6100-03-10-1119

6100-03-09-1112

6100-03-08-1048

6100-03-07-1036

6100-03-06-1034

6100-03-05-1015

6100-03-04-1014

6100-03-03-0943

6100-03-02-0939

6100-03-01-0921

6100-02-10-1036

6100-02-09-1034

6100-02-08-1015

6100-02-07-1014

6100-02-06-0943

6100-02-05-0939

6100-02-04-0920

6100-02-03-0909

6100-02-02-0849

6100-02-01-0847

6100-01-09-1015

6100-01-08-1014

6100-01-07-0943

6100-01-06-0939

6100-01-05-0920

6100-01-04-0909

6100-01-03-0846

6100-01-02-0834

6100-01-01-0823

6100-00-11-0943

6100-00-10-0939

6100-00-09-0920

6100-00-08-0909

6100-00-07-0846

6100-00-06-0834

6100-00-05-0822

6100-00-04-0815

6100-00-03-0808

6100-00-02-0750

6100-00-01-0748

 

三、     下载补丁

http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/

 

clip_image002

clip_image004 clip_image006 clip_image008 clip_image010

 

四、     将下载的补丁包上传到服务器上

4.1  先查询有没有包是APPLY状态,如果是APPLY状态,要将其置为COMMITED状态

执行# lslpp -h|grep APPLY

查看

 

APPLY状态的包变成COMMIT状态

# smitty commit

clip_image012

 

4.2  升级包

升级前先备份OS

# smitty update_all

 

COMMITNOSAVE必须选YES,不然回不了头

clip_image014

 

升级完后:

# oslevel -sq

Known Service Packs

-------------------

6100-08-04-1341

6100-08-03-1339

6100-08-02-1316

6100-08-01-1245

6100-08-00-0000

6100-07-09-1341

6100-07-08-1339

6100-07-07-1316

6100-07-06-1241

6100-07-05-1228

6100-07-04-1216

6100-07-03-1207

6100-07-02-1150

6100-07-01-1141

6100-06-12-1339

6100-06-11-1316

6100-06-10-1241

6100-06-09-1228

6100-06-08-1216

6100-06-07-1207

6100-06-06-1140

6100-06-05-1115

6100-06-04-1112

6100-06-03-1048

6100-06-02-1044

6100-06-01-1043

6100-05-09-1228

6100-05-08-1207

6100-05-07-1140

6100-05-06-1119

6100-05-05-1112

6100-05-04-1048

6100-05-03-1036

6100-05-02-1034

6100-05-01-1016

6100-04-11-1140

6100-04-10-1119

6100-04-09-1112

6100-04-08-1048

6100-04-07-1036

6100-04-06-1034

6100-04-05-1015

6100-04-04-1014

6100-04-03-1009

6100-04-02-1007

6100-04-01-0944

6100-03-10-1119

6100-03-09-1112

6100-03-08-1048

6100-03-07-1036

6100-03-06-1034

6100-03-05-1015

6100-03-04-1014

6100-03-03-0943

6100-03-02-0939

6100-03-01-0921

6100-02-10-1036

6100-02-09-1034

6100-02-08-1015

6100-02-07-1014

6100-02-06-0943

6100-02-05-0939

6100-02-04-0920

6100-02-03-0909

6100-02-02-0849

6100-02-01-0847

6100-01-09-1015

6100-01-08-1014

6100-01-07-0943

6100-01-06-0939

6100-01-05-0920

6100-01-04-0909

6100-01-03-0846

6100-01-02-0834

6100-01-01-0823

6100-00-11-0943

6100-00-10-0939

6100-00-09-0920

6100-00-08-0909

6100-00-07-0846

6100-00-06-0834

6100-00-05-0822

6100-00-04-0815

6100-00-03-0808

6100-00-02-0750

6100-00-01-0748

 

为了新系统生效,需要重启OS

 

9、确认打完补丁,应用无异常

APPLY状态改成COMMIT状态

 

10、如果应用异常,需要回退(步骤9不做)

回退安装AIX的补丁包

回退只能对在安装补丁包的过程中通过将选项“COMMIT software updates?”设置为“No”,并且“SAVE replaced files?”设置为“Yes”安装的补丁。否则只能做删除操作,而不能做回退操作。

 

1.        在系统中运行命令“smitty install”→“Software Maintenance and Utilities”→“Reject Applied Software Updates (Use Previous Version)

2.        在“SOFTWARE name”按“ESC+4”显示选择菜单,通过按“ESC+7”选择需要回退的补丁,然后回车,如图2

 

3.        再回退前还是先模拟预览一下,将选项“PREVIEW only? (install operation will NOT occur)”改为“Yes”(用“ESC+4”选择),然后回车

4.        查看输出结果。输出结果为OK,则按“ESC+3”返回之前图2的界面。将选项“PREVIEW only? (install operation will NOT occur)”改为“No”,然后回车

5.        看到屏幕输出结果Ok,补丁即回退完毕。

6.        回退完毕后,按“ESC+0”返回到命令行界面。输入命令“lslpp l|grep XXXX”(XXXX为回退的补丁filesets)可以查看filesets是否回退到之前的版本。