1、关于enum的定义
 
/// <summary>
    
/// 新闻、下载资源等的审核状态
    
/// </summary>
    public enum ApplyStatus
    {
        
/// <summary>
        
/// 审核不通过
        
/// </summary>
        NotPassed = -1,
        
/// <summary>
        
/// 未审核
        
/// </summary>
        NotApply = 0,
        
/// <summary>
        
/// 审核通过
        
/// </summary>
        Passed = 1
    }
2、符号名和常数值的互相转换
           
ApplyStatus status = ApplyStatus.NotApply;
int fabNum = (int)status;//转换为常数值。必须使用强制转换。
ApplyStatus statusString = (ApplyStatus)1;//常数值转换成符号名。如果使用ToString(),则是((ApplyStatus)1).ToString(),注意必须有括号。
string applyType = status.ToString();//显示符号名
string applyVal = status.ToString("D");//显示常数值
3、获得所有符号名的方法(具体参见Enum类)
       
foreach (string s in Enum.GetNames(typeof(ApplyStatus)))
{
       Console.WriteLine(s);
}
4、将枚举作为位标志来处理
根据下面的两个例子,粗略地说,一方面,设置标志[Flags]或者[FlagsAttribute],则表明要将符号名列举出来;另一方面,可以通过强制转换,将数字转换为符号名。说不准确。看下面的例子体会吧。注意:
          例一:
          Fabric fab = Fabric.Cotton | Fabric.Rayon | Fabric.Silk;
           Console.WriteLine("MyFabric = {0}", fab);//输出:Fabric.Cotton | Fabric.Rayon | Fabric.Silk;
例二:
class FlagsAttributeDemo
{
    // Define an Enum without FlagsAttribute.
    enum SingleHue : short
    {
        Black = 0,
        Red = 1,
        Green = 2,
        Blue = 4
    };

    // Define an Enum with FlagsAttribute.
    [FlagsAttribute]
    enum MultiHue : short
    {
        Black = 0,
        Red = 1,
        Green = 2,
        Blue = 4
    };

    static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "This example of the FlagsAttribute attribute \n" +
            "generates the following output." );
        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nAll possible combinations of values of an \n" +
            "Enum without FlagsAttribute:\n" );
       
        // Display all possible combinations of values.
        for( int val = 0; val <= 8; val++ )
            Console.WriteLine( "{0,3} - {1}", val, ( (SingleHue)val ).ToString( ) );

        Console.WriteLine( "\nAll possible combinations of values of an \n" + "Enum with FlagsAttribute:\n" );
       
        // Display all possible combinations of values.
        // Also display an invalid value.
        for( int val = 0; val <= 8; val++ )
            Console.WriteLine ( "{0,3} - {1}", val, ( (MultiHue)val ).ToString( ) );
    }
}

/*
This example of the FlagsAttribute attribute
generates the following output.

All possible combinations of values of an
Enum without FlagsAttribute:

0 - Black
1 - Red
2 - Green
3 - 3
4 - Blue
5 - 5
6 - 6
7 - 7
8 - 8

All possible combinations of values of an
Enum with FlagsAttribute:

0 - Black
1 - Red
2 - Green
3 - Red, Green
4 - Blue
5 - Red, Blue
6 - Green, Blue
7 - Red, Green, Blue
8 - 8
*/
5、枚举作为函数参数。经常和switch结合起来使用。下面举例
        public static double GetPrice(Fabric fab)
        {
            switch (fab)
            {
                case Fabric.Cotton: return (3.55);
                case Fabric.Silk: return (5.65);
                case Fabric.Wool: return (4.05);
                case Fabric.Rayon: return (3.20);
                case Fabric.Other: return (2.50);
                default: return (0.0);
            }
        }
6、上面三点一个完整的例子
        //1、enum的定义
        public enum Fabric : short
        {
            Cotton = 1,
            Silk = 2,
            Wool = 3,
            Rayon = 8,
            Other = 128
        }
        //将枚举作为参数传递
        public static double GetPrice(Fabric fab)
        {
            switch (fab)
            {
                case Fabric.Cotton: return (3.55);
                case Fabric.Silk : return (5.65);
                case Fabric.Wool: return (4.05);
                case Fabric.Rayon: return (3.20);
                case Fabric.Other: return (2.50);
                default: return (0.0);
            }
        }
        public static void Main()
        {
            Fabric fab = Fabric.Cotton;
            int fabNum = (int)fab;
            string fabType = fab.ToString();
            string fabVal = fab.ToString ("D");
            double cost = GetPrice(fab);
            Console.WriteLine("fabNum = {0}\nfabType = {1}\nfabVal = {2}\n", fabNum, fabType, fabVal);
            Console.WriteLine("cost = {0}", cost);
        }
7、Enum类的使用
Enum.IsDefinde、Enum.Parse两种方法经常一起使用,来确定一个值或符号是否是一个枚举的成员,然后创建一个实例。Enum.GetName打印出一个成员的值;Enum.GetNames打印出所有成员的值。其中注意typeof的使用。这一点很重要。
        public enum MyFamily
        {
            YANGZHIPING = 1,
            GUANGUIQIN = 2,
            YANGHAORAN = 4,
            LIWEI = 8,
            GUANGUIZHI = 16,
            LISIWEN = 32,
            LISIHUA = 64,
        }
            string s = "YANGHAORAN";
            if (Enum.IsDefined(typeof(MyFamily), s))
            {
                MyFamily f = (MyFamily)Enum.Parse(typeof(MyFamily), s);
                GetMyFamily(f);
                Console.WriteLine("The name is:" + Enum. GetName(typeof(MyFamily), 2));
                string[] sa = Enum.GetNames(typeof(MyFamily));
                foreach (string ss in sa)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ss);
                }
            }