这里必须报怨,提出这个测试的兄弟做的时候出问题了,然后我说做出来给他。但是他现在网吧打游戏mmp!!!

测试目的及思路

本文主要测试目的:验证一台多实例的服务器上是否可以通过OGG来实习实例之间的同步(一台主机上两个实例之间表数据通过OGG同步)
主要思路:一般我们OGG的思路是抽取、传送、应用。虽然OGG有很多种应用方式,但大多都是多台服务器,毕竟很少遇到一台服务器两个库之间做ogg。当我兄弟问我这个环境是否可以通过OGG同步,我第一反应是可以,大概实现方式就是抽取出来放在本地直接应用就好了。(经过测试的确可以)

环境描述

操作系统:RatHat Linux 6.5 x64
主机名:source.zhan
IP地址:192.168.214.52
数据库版本:11.2.0.4 x64
数据库SID:zhankys(源)、zhankyd(目的)
OGG版本:12.1.2.1

环境准备

创建所需目录并授权

--赋权给安装包
mkdir -p /soft
chown -R oracle:oinstall /soft
chmod -R 775 /soft
--归档日志路径
mkdir -p /archivelog/zhankys
mkdir -p /archivelog/zhankyd
chown -R oracle:oinstall /archivelog
chmod -R 775 /archivelog
--创建OGG安装目录
mkdir /ogg
chown -R oracle:oinstall /ogg
chmod -R 775 /ogg
--设置OGG环境变量
echo 'export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib'>>/home/oracle/.bash_profile

数据库准备(zhankys)

--登录数据库
export ORACLE_SID=zhankys
sqlplus / as sysdba
--创建ogg账户
create tablespace ogg_tablespace datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/zhankys/ogg01.dbf' size 10m autoextend on next 5m;
create user goldengate identified by goldengate default tablespace ogg_tablespace;
grant dba to goldengate;
--查看归档、强制日志模式、数据库级别的补充日志是否开启(注意归档存放目录)
archive log list;
select force_logging,supplemental_log_data_min from v$database;
show parameter enable_goldengate_replication;

--开启归档
shutdow immediate
start mount
alter database archivelog;
alter system set log_archive_dest_1='location=/archivelog/zhankys' scope =both;
alter database open;
--开启数据库强制日志模式、数据库级别的补充日志
alter database force logging;
alter database add supplemental log data;
--修改允许使用ogg的参数(针对11.2.0.4库)
ALTER SYSTEM SET ENABLE_GOLDENGATE_REPLICATION = TRUE SCOPE=BOTH;

数据库准备(zhankyd)

--登录数据库
export ORACLE_SID=zhankyd
sqlplus / as sysdba
--创建ogg账户
--创建ogg账户
create tablespace ogg_tablespace datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/zhankyd/ogg01.dbf' size 10m autoextend on next 5m;
create user goldengate identified by goldengate default tablespace ogg_tablespace;
grant dba to goldengate;
--查看归档、强制日志模式、数据库级别的补充日志是否开启(注意归档存放目录)
archive log list;
select force_logging,supplemental_log_data_min from v$database;
show parameter enable_goldengate_replication;

--开启归档
shutdow immediate
start mount
alter database archivelog;
alter system set log_archive_dest_1='location=/archivelog/zhankyd' scope =both;
alter database open;
--开启数据库强制日志模式、数据库级别的补充日志
alter database force logging;
alter database add supplemental log data;
--修改允许使用ogg的参数(针对11.2.0.4库)
ALTER SYSTEM SET ENABLE_GOLDENGATE_REPLICATION = TRUE SCOPE=BOTH;

更改tnsname(源目的相同)

vi /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora 
{
ZHANKYS =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST =192.168.214.52)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = ZHANKYS)
    )
  )

ZHANKYD =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST =192.168.214.52)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = ZHANKYD)
    )
  )
}

初始化数据准备(两个库都建)

connect goldengate/goldengate
--创建表
DROP TABLE tcustmer;
CREATE TABLE tcustmer ( cust_code VARCHAR(4) NOT NULL, name VARCHAR(30),
city VARCHAR(20), state CHAR(2), PRIMARY KEY (cust_code));
DROP TABLE tcustord;
CREATE TABLE tcustord ( cust_code VARCHAR(4) NOT NULL, product_code VARCHAR(8) NOT NULL,
order_id INTEGER NOT NULL, product_price DECIMAL(8,2), product_amount INTEGER,
transaction_id INTEGER, PRIMARY KEY (cust_code, product_code, order_id) );

select * from goldengate.tcustmer;
select * from goldengate.tcustord;

安装OGG

OGG软件安装

xhost +
su - oracle
cd /soft
unzip 121210_ggs_Linux_x64_shiphome.zip
cd fbo_ggs_Linux_x64_shiphome/Disk1/
./runInstaller

OOG:一台服务器两个实例之间的OGG
OOG:一台服务器两个实例之间的OGG
OOG:一台服务器两个实例之间的OGG
OOG:一台服务器两个实例之间的OGG

配置OGG参数

创建ogg目录

cd /ogg
./ggsci
create subdirs

创建checkpoint表(注意dblogin到两个库都创建)

--源主机创建checkpoint表
{
dblogin userid goldengate@zhankys,password goldengate
add checkpointtable goldengate.ggs_checkpoint
}
--源实例创建完后exit在登录目的库建checkpoint表
{
dblogin userid goldengate@zhankyd,password goldengate
add checkpointtable goldengate.ggs_checkpoint
}

设置globals

edit params ./globals
{
UNLOCKEDTRAILFILES
}

配置MGR

edit params mgr
{
PORT 7809
AUTOSTART ER *
AUTORESTART ER *,RETRIES 3,WAITMINUTES 5,RESETMINUTES 60
LAGREPORTHOURS 1
LAGINFOMINUTES 3
LAGCRITICALMINUTES 10
PURGEOLDEXTRACTS ./dirdat/*,USECHECKPOINTS,MINKEEPDAYS 3
}
start mgr

配置需要trandata的对象(跟踪的表为源库,注意dblogin登录是否源库)

dblogin userid goldengate@zhankys,password goldengate
add trandata goldengate.tcustmer
add trandata goldengate.tcustord
info trandata goldengate.*

配置extract(注意userid指定抽取的库)

add extract e_single,tranlog,begin now
add exttrail ./dirdat/single,extract b_e_29,megabytes 5 
edit param e_single 
{
EXTRACT e_single
SETENV (NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK")
GETENV (NLS_LANG)
userid goldengate@zhankys,password goldengate
EXTTRAIL ./dirdat/single,FORMAT RELEASE 12.1
DISCARDFILE ./dirrpt/e_single.dsc,PURGE
--NOCOMPRESSDELETES
NOCOMPRESSUPDATES
GETUPDATEBEFORES
GETUPDATEAFTERS
TRANLOGOPTIONS LOGRETENTION disabled
WARNLONGTRANS 30m,CHECKINTERVAL 3m

table goldengate.tcustmer;
table goldengate.tcustord;
}
start e_single
info e_single

配置replicat(注意userid指定应用的库)

dblogin userid goldengate@zhankyd,password goldengate
add replicat r_single,exttrail ./dirdat/single,checkpointtable goldengate.ggs_checkpoint
edit param r_single
{
REPLICAT r_single
SETENV (NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK")
GETENV (NLS_LANG)
USERID goldengate@zhankyd,PASSWORD goldengate
HANDLECOLLISIONS
ASSUMETARGETDEFS
REPERROR DEFAULT,DISCARD
DBOPTIONS NOSUPPRESSTRIGGERS
DISCARDFILE ./dirrpt/b_r_29.dsc,PURGE

MAP goldengate.TCUSTMER, TARGET goldengate.TCUSTMER;
MAP goldengate.TCUSTORD, TARGET goldengate.TCUSTORD;
}
start r_single
info r_single

校验结果语句

select * from goldengate.TCUSTMER;
select * from goldengate.TCUSTORD;

INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustmer VALUES ('ZZZ','BG SOFTWARE CO.','SEATTLE','WZ');
INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustord VALUES ('ZZZ','CAR',144,17520,3,100);
COMMIT;

INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustmer VALUES ('ZqZZ','BqG SOFTWARE CO.','SEATTLE','WZ');
INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustord VALUES ('ZqZZ','CAR',144,17520,3,100);
COMMIT;

INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustmer VALUES ('ZbZ','BzG SOFTWARE CO.','SEATTLE','WZ');
INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustord VALUES ('ZbZ','CAR',144,17520,3,100);
COMMIT;

INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustmer VALUES ('ZghZ','BG SOFTWARE CO.','SEATTLE','WZ');
INSERT INTO goldengate.tcustord VALUES ('ZghZ','CAR',144,17520,3,100);
COMMIT;

delete goldengate.tcustmer where cust_code='ZZZ';
delete goldengate.tcustord where cust_code='ZZZ';
delete goldengate.tcustmer where cust_code='ZqZZ';
delete goldengate.tcustord where cust_code='ZqZZ';
delete goldengate.tcustmer where cust_code='ZbZ';
delete goldengate.tcustord where cust_code='ZbZ';
delete goldengate.tcustmer where cust_code='ZghZ';
delete goldengate.tcustord where cust_code='ZghZ';
commit;