作用:通过puppet模块自动控制客户端的puppet配置,当需要修改客户端的puppet配置时不用在客户端一一设置。


1、服务端配置puppet模块

(1)模块清单

[root@puppet ~]# tree /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/
/etc/puppet/modules/puppet/
├── files
├── manifests
│   ├── config.pp
│   ├── init.pp
│   ├── install.pp
│   ├── params.pp
│   └── service.pp
└── templates
    └── puppet.conf.erb

(2)定义参数类

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/manifests/params.pp
class puppet::params {
  $puppetserver = "puppet.ewin.com"
  case $operatingsystemmajrelease{
    5: {                #定义centos5系列的参数
      $puppet_release = '3.7.1-1.el5'
      $facter_release = '2.2.0-1.el5'
    }
    6: {                #定义centos6系列的参数
      $puppet_release = '3.7.1-1.el6'      #定义软件版本
      $facter_release = '2.2.0-1.el6'      #定义软件版本
    }
    default: {
      fail("Module puppet is not supported on ${::operatingsystem}")
    }
  }
}

(3)定义安装类

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/manifests/install.pp
class puppet::install {
  package { "puppet":
    ensure => $puppet::params::puppet_release,
  }
  package { "facter":
    ensure => $puppet::params::facter_release,
  }
}

    说明:根据系统版本(centos5或centos6)来安装指定版本的puppet和facter

(4)定义配置类

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/manifests/config.pp
class puppet::config {
  file { "/etc/puppet/puppet.conf":
    ensure  => present,
    content => template("puppet/puppet.conf.erb"), #文件内容来源于模板
    owner   => "root",
    group   => "root",
    mode    => '0644',
    require => Class["puppet::install"], #要求先完成install.pp
    notify  => Class["puppet::service"], #通知并触发service.pp
  }
}

    说明:将配置模板传送到客户端的puppet.conf,设置用户、组、权限

(5)定义配置模板

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/template/puppet.conf.erb
### config by  puppet ###
[main]
    logdir = /var/log/puppet
    rundir = /var/run/puppet
    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
[agent]
    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
    server = <%= scope.lookupvar('puppet::params::puppetserver') %>  #参数调用格式<%= 参数 %>
    report = true
    pluginsync = false
    runinterval = 10 #puppet 客户端默认连接到puppetmaster的时间间隔,默认30分钟,这里测试设为10秒,将会生成大量报告,建议测试完后改回1800

    说明:模板调用了params.pp中的参数$puppetserver

(6)定义服务类

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/manifests/service.pp
class puppet::service {
  service { "puppet":
    ensure     => running,    #确保服务puppet处于运行状态
    hasstatus  => true,       #是否支持service puppet status命令查看状态
    hasrestart => true,       #是否支持service puppet restart命令重启服务
    enable     => true,       #是否开机启动服务
    require    => Class["puppet::install"],
  }
}

(7)定义puppet主类

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/modules/puppet/manifests/init.pp
class puppet {
  include puppet::params,puppet::install,puppet::config,puppet::service
}

(8)定义节点文件,调用模块

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/manifests/centostest.pp

node "centostest.ewin.com" {

  include ntp, yum, puppet

}

(9)应用节点文件

[root@puppet ~]# vi /etc/puppet/manifests/site.pp
import "centostest.pp"



2、测试:软件安装版本、配置文件、服务启动

(1)查看已安装版本

[root@centostest ~]# facter | grep operatingsystemmajrelease
operatingsystemmajrelease => 6
[root@centostest ~]# rpm -aq|grep puppet
puppet-3.7.3-1.el6.noarch
[root@centostest ~]# rpm -aq|grep facter
facter-2.3.0-1.el6.x86_64

(2)查看服务状态

[root@centostest ~]# /etc/init.d/puppet stop
Stopping puppet agent:                                     [确定]
[root@centostest ~]# /etc/init.d/puppet status
puppet 已停
[root@centostest ~]# chkconfig --list | grep puppet
puppet          0:关闭  1:关闭  2:关闭  3:关闭  4:关闭  5:关闭  6:关闭

(3)查看配置文件

[root@centostest ~]# cat /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 
[main]
    # The Puppet log directory.
    # The default value is '$vardir/log'.
    logdir = /var/log/puppet
    # Where Puppet PID files are kept.
    # The default value is '$vardir/run'.
    rundir = /var/run/puppet
    # Where SSL certificates are kept.
    # The default value is '$confdir/ssl'.
    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
[agent]
    # The file in which puppetd stores a list of the classes
    # associated with the retrieved configuratiion.  Can be loaded in
    # the separate ``puppet`` executable using the ``--loadclasses``
    # option.
    # The default value is '$confdir/classes.txt'.
    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
    # Where puppetd caches the local configuration.  An
    # extension indicating the cache format is added automatically.
    # The default value is '$confdir/localconfig'.
    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig

(4)客户端执行测试

[root@centostest ~]# puppet agent --server puppet.ewin.com --test --noop
Info: Retrieving pluginfacts
Info: Retrieving plugin
Info: Caching catalog for centostest.ewin.com
Info: Applying configuration version '1415246721'
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[facter]/ensure: current_value 2.3.0-1.el6, should be 2.2.0-1.el6 (noop) #说明:版本将变成2.2.0-1.el6
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[puppet]/ensure: current_value 3.7.3-1.el6, should be 3.7.1-1.el6 (noop) #说明:版本将变成3.7.1-1.el6
Notice: Class[Puppet::Install]: Would have triggered 'refresh' from 2 events
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content:  #说明:生成puppet.conf配置文件内容
--- /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 2014-11-04 06:23:12.000000000 +0800
+++ /tmp/puppet-file20141106-34117-1abwj46-0  2014-11-06 12:04:04.724000002 +0800
@@ -1,25 +1,12 @@
-[main]
-    # The Puppet log directory.
-    # The default value is '$vardir/log'.
-    logdir = /var/log/puppet
-
-    # Where Puppet PID files are kept.
-    # The default value is '$vardir/run'.
-    rundir = /var/run/puppet
-
-    # Where SSL certificates are kept.
-    # The default value is '$confdir/ssl'.
-    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
-
-[agent]
-    # The file in which puppetd stores a list of the classes
-    # associated with the retrieved configuratiion.  Can be loaded in
-    # the separate ``puppet`` executable using the ``--loadclasses``
-    # option.
-    # The default value is '$confdir/classes.txt'.
-    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
-
-    # Where puppetd caches the local configuration.  An
-    # extension indicating the cache format is added automatically.
-    # The default value is '$confdir/localconfig'.
-    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
+### config by  puppet ###
+[main]
+    logdir = /var/log/puppet
+    rundir = /var/run/puppet
+    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
+[agent]
+    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
+    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
+    server = puppet.ewin.com
+    report = true
+    pluginsync = false
+    runinterval = 10
\ No newline at end of file
#说明:每行前的-表示删除行,+表示添加行
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content: current_value {md5}58e2f9765e2994db8e8ab19a3513356e, should be {md5}fa6ae34360e0b6b7755165fc8e950a76 (noop)
Info: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]: Scheduling refresh of Class[Puppet::Service] #说明:配置文件的改变将触发service.pp
Notice: Class[Puppet::Service]: Would have triggered 'refresh' from 1 events
Info: Class[Puppet::Service]: Scheduling refresh of Service[puppet]
Notice: Class[Puppet::Config]: Would have triggered 'refresh' from 1 events
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]/ensure: current_value stopped, should be running (noop) #说明:服务当前是关闭的,将变成运行
Info: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]: Unscheduling refresh on Service[puppet]
Notice: Class[Puppet::Service]: Would have triggered 'refresh' from 1 events
Notice: Stage[main]: Would have triggered 'refresh' from 3 events
Notice: Finished catalog run in 0.70 seconds


(5)真正执行puppet agent(不带--noop参数)

[root@centostest ~]# puppet agent --server puppet.ewin.com --test
Info: Retrieving pluginfacts
Info: Retrieving plugin
Info: Caching catalog for centostest.ewin.com
Info: Applying configuration version '1415247249'
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[facter]/ensure: ensure changed '2.3.0-1.el6' to '2.2.0-1.el6'
Error: Could not update: Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y downgrade puppet-3.7.1-1.el6' returned 1: Error Downloading Packages:
  puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch: failure: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm from puppetlabs-products: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
Wrapped exception:
Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y downgrade puppet-3.7.1-1.el6' returned 1: Error Downloading Packages:
  puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch: failure: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm from puppetlabs-products: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
Error: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[puppet]/ensure: change from 3.7.3-1.el6 to 3.7.1-1.el6 failed: Could not update: Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y downgrade puppet-3.7.1-1.el6' returned 1: Error Downloading Packages:
  puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch: failure: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm from puppetlabs-products: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]: Dependency Package[puppet] has failures: true
Warning: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]: Skipping because of failed dependencies
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]: Dependency Package[puppet] has failures: true
Warning: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]: Skipping because of failed dependencies
Notice: Finished catalog run in 171.49 seconds

    报错:YUM安装失败,无法下载软件包,在客户端yum clean up再yum list恢复仓库后重试

[root@centostest ~]# puppet agent --server=puppet.ewin.com --test
Info: Retrieving pluginfacts
Info: Retrieving plugin
Info: Caching catalog for centostest.ewin.com
Info: Applying configuration version '1415247249'
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[puppet]/ensure: ensure changed '3.7.3-1.el6' to '3.7.1-1.el6'
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content: 
--- /etc/puppet/puppet.conf 2014-09-16 04:33:01.000000000 +0800
+++ /tmp/puppet-file20141106-35765-10dpf4t-0  2014-11-06 15:04:50.422305001 +0800
@@ -1,25 +1,12 @@
-[main]
-    # The Puppet log directory.
-    # The default value is '$vardir/log'.
-    logdir = /var/log/puppet
-
-    # Where Puppet PID files are kept.
-    # The default value is '$vardir/run'.
-    rundir = /var/run/puppet
-
-    # Where SSL certificates are kept.
-    # The default value is '$confdir/ssl'.
-    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
-
-[agent]
-    # The file in which puppetd stores a list of the classes
-    # associated with the retrieved configuratiion.  Can be loaded in
-    # the separate ``puppet`` executable using the ``--loadclasses``
-    # option.
-    # The default value is '$confdir/classes.txt'.
-    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
-
-    # Where puppetd caches the local configuration.  An
-    # extension indicating the cache format is added automatically.
-    # The default value is '$confdir/localconfig'.
-    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
+### config by  puppet ###
+[main]
+    logdir = /var/log/puppet
+    rundir = /var/run/puppet
+    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
+[agent]
+    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
+    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
+    server = puppet.ewin.com
+    report = true
+    pluginsync = false
+    runinterval = 10
\ No newline at end of file
Info: Computing checksum on file /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
Info: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]: Filebucketed /etc/puppet/puppet.conf to puppet with sum 58e2f9765e2994db8e8ab19a3513356e
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content: content changed '{md5}58e2f9765e2994db8e8ab19a3513356e' to '{md5}fa6ae34360e0b6b7755165fc8e950a76'
Info: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]: Scheduling refresh of Class[Puppet::Service]
Info: Class[Puppet::Service]: Scheduling refresh of Service[puppet]
Notice: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]/ensure: ensure changed 'stopped' to 'running'
Info: /Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]: Unscheduling refresh on Service[puppet]
Notice: Finished catalog run in 222.24 seconds

(6)查看客户端日志

[root@centostest ~]# tailf /var/log/message
Nov  6 12:12:50 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Retrieving pluginfacts
Nov  6 12:12:50 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Retrieving plugin
Nov  6 12:12:51 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Caching catalog for centostest.ewin.com
Nov  6 12:12:52 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Applying configuration version '1415247249'
Nov  6 12:13:29 centostest yum[34565]: Installed: 1:facter-2.2.0-1.el6.x86_64
Nov  6 12:13:31 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[facter]/ensure) ensure changed '2.3.0-1.el6' to '2.2.0-1.el6'
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Could not update: Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y downgrade puppet-3.7.1-1.el6' returned 1: Error Downloading Packages:
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]:   puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch: failure: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm from puppetlabs-products: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Wrapped exception:
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y downgrade puppet-3.7.1-1.el6' returned 1: Error Downloading Packages:
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]:   puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch: failure: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm from puppetlabs-products: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[puppet]/ensure) change from 3.7.3-1.el6 to 3.7.1-1.el6 failed: Could not update: Execution of '/usr/bin/yum -d 0 -e 0 -y downgrade puppet-3.7.1-1.el6' returned 1: Error Downloading Packages:
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[puppet]/ensure)   puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch: failure: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch.rpm from puppetlabs-products: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]) Dependency Package[puppet] has failures: true
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]) Skipping because of failed dependencies
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]) Dependency Package[puppet] has failures: true
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]) Skipping because of failed dependencies
Nov  6 12:15:43 centostest puppet-agent[34357]: Finished catalog run in 171.49 seconds

#以上日志是第一次执行puppet agent,安装facter成功,但下载puppet-3.7.1失败


Nov  6 15:01:08 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: Retrieving pluginfacts
Nov  6 15:01:08 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: Retrieving plugin
Nov  6 15:01:10 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: Caching catalog for centostest.ewin.com
Nov  6 15:01:10 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: Applying configuration version '1415247249'
Nov  6 15:04:49 centostest yum[35972]: Installed: puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Install/Package[puppet]/ensure) ensure changed '3.7.3-1.el6' to '3.7.1-1.el6'
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) 
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) --- /etc/puppet/puppet.conf#0112014-09-16 04:33:01.000000000 +0800
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +++ /tmp/puppet-file20141106-35765-10dpf4t-0#0112014-11-06 15:04:50.422305001 +0800
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) @@ -1,25 +1,12 @@
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -[main]
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The Puppet log directory.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The default value is '$vardir/log'.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    logdir = /var/log/puppet
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # Where Puppet PID files are kept.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The default value is '$vardir/run'.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    rundir = /var/run/puppet
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # Where SSL certificates are kept.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The default value is '$confdir/ssl'.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -[agent]
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The file in which puppetd stores a list of the classes
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # associated with the retrieved configuratiion.  Can be loaded in
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # the separate ``puppet`` executable using the ``--loadclasses``
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # option.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The default value is '$confdir/classes.txt'.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # Where puppetd caches the local configuration.  An
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # extension indicating the cache format is added automatically.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    # The default value is '$confdir/localconfig'.
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) -    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +### config by  puppet ####015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +[main]#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    logdir = /var/log/puppet#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    rundir = /var/run/puppet#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    ssldir = $vardir/ssl#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +[agent]#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    server = puppet.ewin.com#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    report = true#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    pluginsync = false#015
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) +    runinterval = 10
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) \ No newline at end of file
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: Computing checksum on file /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]) Filebucketed /etc/puppet/puppet.conf to puppet with sum 58e2f9765e2994db8e8ab19a3513356e
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) content changed '{md5}58e2f9765e2994db8e8ab19a3513356e' to '{md5}fa6ae34360e0b6b7755165fc8e950a76'
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]) Scheduling refresh of Class[Puppet::Service]
Nov  6 15:04:50 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (Class[Puppet::Service]) Scheduling refresh of Service[puppet]
Nov  6 15:04:52 centostest puppet-agent[36125]: Reopening log files
Nov  6 15:04:52 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]/ensure) ensure changed 'stopped' to 'running'
Nov  6 15:04:52 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]) Unscheduling refresh on Service[puppet]
Nov  6 15:04:52 centostest puppet-agent[35765]: Finished catalog run in 222.24 seconds
Nov  6 15:04:52 centostest puppet-agent[36125]: Starting Puppet client version 3.7.1
Nov  6 15:04:52 centostest puppet-agent[36125]: Run of Puppet configuration client already in progress; skipping  (/var/lib/puppet/state/agent_catalog_run.lock exists)
Nov  6 15:05:06 centostest puppet-agent[36135]: Finished catalog run in 0.46 seconds

#以上是重新获取YUM仓库后,第二次执行puppet agent的日志, 成功将puppet-3.7.3降为3.7.1版本,因此最好一开始指定好puppet版本安装。

(7)查看客户端测试结果

  查看已安装版本:

[root@centostest ~]# rpm -aq|grep facter
facter-2.2.0-1.el6.x86_64
[root@centostest ~]# rpm -aq|grep puppet
puppet-3.7.1-1.el6.noarch

  查看服务状态:

[root@centostest ~]# /etc/init.d/puppet status
puppet (pid  36125) 正在运行...
[root@centostest ~]# chkconfig --list | grep puppet
puppet          0:关闭  1:关闭  2:启用  3:启用  4:启用  5:启用  6:关闭

  查看配置文件:

[root@centostest ~]# cat /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
### config by  puppet ###
[main]
    logdir = /var/log/puppet
    rundir = /var/run/puppet
    ssldir = $vardir/ssl
[agent]
    classfile = $vardir/classes.txt
    localconfig = $vardir/localconfig
    server = puppet.ewin.com
    report = true
    pluginsync = false
    runinterval = 10

    结论:软件版本成功转变成指定版本;服务启动并添加到开机启动中;配备文件成功从模板获取,参数应用成功。


3、测试配置文件的变更影响

  客户端修改配置文件导致puppet服务重启:

[root@centostest ~]# echo "#add a line" >> /etc/puppet/puppet.conf
[root@centostest ~]# tailf /var/log/message
Nov  6 15:33:57 centostest puppet-agent[57545]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Config/File[/etc/puppet/puppet.conf]/content) content changed '{md5}29acb66e2f297a5cf2ff6cbe731998f5' to '{md5}bb6d66a4b72890ef1bfa048c0cf179d8'
Nov  6 15:33:57 centostest puppet-agent[56826]: Caught HUP; calling restart
Nov  6 15:33:57 centostest puppet-agent[57545]: (/Stage[main]/Puppet::Service/Service[puppet]) Triggered 'refresh' from 1 events
Nov  6 15:33:57 centostest puppet-agent[57545]: Finished catalog run in 1.10 seconds
Nov  6 15:33:58 centostest puppet-agent[56826]: Caught HUP; calling restart
Nov  6 15:33:58 centostest puppet-agent[56826]: Restarting with '/usr/bin/puppet agent'
Nov  6 15:33:59 centostest puppet-agent[57782]: Reopening log files
Nov  6 15:34:00 centostest puppet-agent[57782]: Starting Puppet client version 3.7.1
Nov  6 15:34:02 centostest puppet-agent[57784]: Finished catalog run in 0.63 seconds

  结论:成功改变配置文件内容,触发puppet服务重启,接下来是agent启动的信息。


4、file资源

file {'nginx.conf': 
  ensure => file,    #定义类型:文件file或目录directory
  mode   => '0640',  #权限
  owner  => root,    #属于用户
  group  => root,    #属于用户组
}

  其他参数

{
  ensure       => present|absent|file|directory|link, #present检查文件是否存在,如果存在则不创建
  backup       => , #通过filebucket备份文件,可备份到其他设备
  checksum     => , #检查文件是否被修改,默认检测法为MD5,其他有md5lite\mtime\ctime\none
  ctime        => , #只读属性,文件的更新时间
  mtime        => , #只读属性
  content      => , #文件的内容 
  force        => , #强制删除文件、软链接及目录,确保ensure=absent
  owner        => , #指定文件的用户名或用户ID
  group        => , #指定文件的用户组名或组ID
  ignore       => , #忽略指定的匹配文件,可以匹配目录结构
  link         => , #软链接,类似于ln命令
  mode         => , #文件权限配置
  path         => '/tmp/test',#文件路径,使用双引号,可用标题代替
  purge        => , #清空目录中未在manifest中定义的文件或目录,必须与recurse=>true使用
  recurse      => true|false|inf|remote, #递归目录
  recurselimit => , #递归的目录的深度,值为数字
  replace      => true|false, #是否允许覆盖文件内容,默认为true(覆盖)
  source       => '/home/123.txt'|'http://'|'puppet:///', #源文件,本地路径或URL路径
  sourceselect => firest|all, #可设置多个source源文件,本参数指定只复制每一个有效文件还是全部文件到目标
  target       => '/tmp/testlink', #指定目录,配合ensure => link使用
  type         => , #只读状态检查文件类型
}