架构图
二进制部署K8s集群第23节addons之安装部署dashboard

1、准备dashboard

hdss7-200.host.com上操作

docker pull hexun/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:v1.10.1
docker tag f9aed6605b81 harbor.od.com/k8s/dashboard:v1.10.1
docker push harbor.od.com/k8s/dashboard:v1.10.1

2 准备资源配置清单目录

mkdir -p /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard && cd /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard

3 准备资源配置清单文件

参考链接 https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/blob/master/cluster/addons/dashboard/dashboard.yaml

3.1 rbac.yaml

cat > /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard/rbac.yaml <<'eof'
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-admin
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-admin
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-admin
  namespace: kube-system
eof

3.2 secret.yaml

cat > /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard/secret.yaml <<'eof'
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    # Allows editing resource and makes sure it is created first.
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: EnsureExists
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
  namespace: kube-system
type: Opaque
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    # Allows editing resource and makes sure it is created first.
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: EnsureExists
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder
  namespace: kube-system
type: Opaque
eof

3.3 comfigmap.yaml

cat > /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard/configmap.yaml <<'eof'
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    # Allows editing resource and makes sure it is created first.
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: EnsureExists
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-settings
  namespace: kube-system
eof

3.4 deployment.yaml

cat > /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard/deployment.yaml <<'eof'
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
      annotations:
        scheduler.alpha.kubernetes.io/critical-pod: ''
    spec:
      priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
      containers:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard
        image: harbor.od.com/k8s/dashboard:v2.0.4
        resources:
          limits:
            cpu: 100m
            memory: 300Mi
          requests:
            cpu: 50m
            memory: 100Mi
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8443
          protocol: TCP
        args:
          # PLATFORM-SPECIFIC ARGS HERE
          - --auto-generate-certificates
        volumeMounts:
        - name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
          mountPath: /certs
        - name: tmp-volume
          mountPath: /tmp
        livenessProbe:
          httpGet:
            scheme: HTTPS
            path: /
            port: 8443
          initialDelaySeconds: 30
          timeoutSeconds: 30
      volumes:
      - name: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
        secret:
          secretName: kubernetes-dashboard-certs
      - name: tmp-volume
        emptyDir: {}
      serviceAccountName: kubernetes-dashboard-admin
      tolerations:
      - key: "CriticalAddonsOnly"
        operator: "Exists"
      imagePullSecrets:
      - name: harbor
eof

3.5 svc.yaml

cat > /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard/svc.yaml <<'eof'
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
    addonmanager.kubernetes.io/mode: Reconcile
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: kubernetes-dashboard
  ports:
  - port: 443
    targetPort: 8443
eof

3.6 ingress.yaml

cat > /data/k8s-yaml/dashboard/ingress.yaml <<'eof'
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: kubernetes-dashboard
  namespace: kube-system
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: traefik
spec:
  rules:
  - host: dashboard.od.com
    http:
      paths:
        - path: /
          backend:
            serviceName: kubernetes-dashboard
            servicePort: 443
eof

4 生成证书

openssl生成证书方式(需先生成ca.pem,ca-key.pem)
cd /opt/certs/
(umask 077;openssl genrsa -out dashboard.od.com.key 2048)
openssl req -new -key dashboard.od.com.key -out dashboard.od.com.csr -subj "/CN=dashboard.od.com/C=CN/ST=GZ/L=GuangZhou/O=k8s/OU=k8s"
openssl x509 -req -in dashboard.od.com.csr -CA ca.pem -CAkey ca-key.pem -CAcreateserial -out dashboard.od.com.crt -days 3650
[root@hdss7-200 certs]# ll dashboard.od.com.*
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1196 10月  5 22:49 dashboard.od.com.crt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1001 10月  5 22:49 dashboard.od.com.csr
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 10月  5 22:49 dashboard.od.com.key
scp hdss7-200:/opt/certs/dashboard.od.com.crt /etc/nginx/certs/
scp hdss7-200:/opt/certs/dashboard.od.com.csr /etc/nginx/certs/

5 解析域名

hdss7-11上操作

cat >> /var/named/od.com.zone <<eof
dashboard          A    10.4.7.10
eof
vi /var/named/od.com.zone
2020100505  ; serial # 数字加1 
system restart named

6 修改nginx配置

hdss7-11和hdss7-12上操作

 mkdir -p /etc/nginx/certs
cat > /etc/nginx/conf.d/dashboard.od.com.conf <<'eof'
server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  dashboard.od.com;

    rewrite ^(.*)$ https://${server_name}$1 permanent;
}
server {
    listen       443 ssl;
    server_name  dashboard.od.com;

    ssl_certificate "certs/dashboard.od.com.crt";
    ssl_certificate_key "certs/dashboard.od.com.key";
    ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
    ssl_session_timeout  10m;
    ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://default_backend_traefik;
        proxy_set_header Host       $http_host;
        proxy_set_header x-forwarded-for $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    }
}
eof

7 应用资源配置清单

hdss7-21或hdss7-22上执行

kubectl apply -f http://k8s-yaml.od.com/dashboard/rbac.yaml
kubectl apply -f http://k8s-yaml.od.com/dashboard/secret.yaml
kubectl apply -f http://k8s-yaml.od.com/dashboard/configmap.yaml
kubectl apply -f http://k8s-yaml.od.com/dashboard/svc.yaml
kubectl apply -f http://k8s-yaml.od.com/dashboard/ingress.yaml
kubectl apply -f http://k8s-yaml.od.com/dashboard/deployment.yaml

8 获取token

[root@hdss7-22 /]# kubectl get secret -n kube-system
NAME                                     TYPE                                  DATA   AGE
coredns-token-xvr85                      kubernetes.io/service-account-token   3      42h
default-token-q9rpn                      kubernetes.io/service-account-token   3      3d10h
harbor                                   kubernetes.io/dockerconfigjson        1      2d9h
kubernetes-dashboard-admin-token-dpb77   kubernetes.io/service-account-token   3      10h
kubernetes-dashboard-certs               Opaque                                0      10h
kubernetes-dashboard-key-holder          Opaque                                2      10h
traefik-ingress-controller-token-b2z7n   kubernetes.io/service-account-token   3      25h
[root@hdss7-22 /]# kubectl describe secret kubernetes-dashboard-admin-token-dpb77 -n kube-system
Name:         kubernetes-dashboard-admin-token-dpb77
Namespace:    kube-system
Labels:       <none>
Annotations:  kubernetes.io/service-account.name: kubernetes-dashboard-admin
              kubernetes.io/service-account.uid: daa17a07-bd8b-4ac7-bc45-d883badb7102

Type:  kubernetes.io/service-account-token

Data
====
ca.crt:     1359 bytes
namespace:  11 bytes
token:      eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImtpZCI6Ind4Rk9fbGdYbWdHNlc0OUFHNXQyUTdSc2JIaGNubnZ6TTRfSWtsYkpITVUifQ.eyJpc3MiOiJrdWJlcm5ldGVzL3NlcnZpY2VhY2NvdW50Iiwia3ViZXJuZXRlcy5pby9zZXJ2aWNlYWNjb3VudC9uYW1lc3BhY2UiOiJrdWJlLXN5c3RlbSIsImt1YmVybmV0ZXMuaW8vc2VydmljZWFjY291bnQvc2VjcmV0Lm5hbWUiOiJrdWJlcm5ldGVzLWRhc2hib2FyZC1hZG1pbi10b2tlbi1kcGI3NyIsImt1YmVybmV0ZXMuaW8vc2VydmljZWFjY291bnQvc2VydmljZS1hY2NvdW50Lm5hbWUiOiJrdWJlcm5ldGVzLWRhc2hib2FyZC1hZG1pbiIsImt1YmVybmV0ZXMuaW8vc2VydmljZWFjY291bnQvc2VydmljZS1hY2NvdW50LnVpZCI6ImRhYTE3YTA3LWJkOGItNGFjNy1iYzQ1LWQ4ODNiYWRiNzEwMiIsInN1YiI6InN5c3RlbTpzZXJ2aWNlYWNjb3VudDprdWJlLXN5c3RlbTprdWJlcm5ldGVzLWRhc2hib2FyZC1hZG1pbiJ9.WFQf5jiRdztyOopdRI9gGZxDcZ4xrIwHMTC38IopnTkxkokSF4vywcnRrZyH-0mmDHXTGrval6cgSN_rdslkpVjcgmfKMnvJ7eGt-oEqryDPj6CAl_ZaXk2R4cvMN8kJMcl5zktix9f1pd6H3hQVMMRGXk_E-WmTq80GQXbdABqvasNglTT8XlQmNX3tDk-EAP4ctL3UUw1R_cTKe43dKmwwf2QmTg1aDNBYUk3rFL1duMjjefOw9yeBPXLcGBB4UOtfIWQCCpyVJNUW9UU7tx829Z8a_nzA5Ee8LO7DGe-yoAF688G70AHVgHRRF10T28yuK1cp8M8bkvcVGT_R-g
kubectl get clusterrole cluster-admin -o yaml # 查看集群admin权限配置

9 登陆dashboard

web访问: https://dashboard.od.com/

二进制部署K8s集群第23节addons之安装部署dashboard

复制上面的token登陆