## zhx's contest

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/65536 K (Java/Others)

Problem Description

n problems.
zhx thinks the ith problem's difficulty is i. He wants to arrange these problems in a beautiful way.
zhx defines a sequence {ai} beautiful if there is an i that matches two rules below:
1: a1..ai are monotone decreasing or monotone increasing.
2: ai..an are monotone decreasing or monotone increasing.
He wants you to tell him that how many permutations of problems are there if the sequence of the problems' difficulty is beautiful.
zhx knows that the answer may be very huge, and you only need to tell him the answer module p.

Input

1000). Seek EOF as the end of the file.
For each case, there are two integers n and p separated by a space in a line. ( 1≤n,p≤1018)

Output

For each test case, output a single line indicating the answer.

Sample Input

2 233 3 5

Sample Output

Hint

In the first case, both sequence {1, 2} and {2, 1} are legal.

In the second case, sequence {1, 2, 3}, {1, 3, 2}, {2, 1, 3}, {2, 3, 1}, {3, 1, 2}, {3, 2, 1} are legal, so the answer is 6 mod 5 = 1

``````#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#define LL long long
using namespace std;

LL n, p;

LL multi(LL a, LL b) {	//快速乘法，其实和快速幂差不多
LL ret = 0;
while(b) {
if(b & 1) ret = (ret + a) % p;
a = (a + a) % p;
b >>= 1;
}
return ret;
}

LL powmod(LL a, LL b) {	//快速幂
LL ret = 1;
while(b) {
if(b & 1) ret = multi(ret, a) % p;
a = multi(a, a) % p;
b >>= 1;
}
return ret;
}

int main() {
while(cin >> n >> p) {
if(p == 1) {
cout << 0 << endl;
} else if(n == 1) {
cout << 1 << endl;
} else {
LL ans = powmod(2, n) - 2;
if(ans < 0) ans += p;
cout << ans << endl;
}
}
return 0;
}``````