自制yum仓库


[TOC]

yum仓库配置文件


# 仓库名
[base]

# 仓库描述
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base - mirrors.aliyun.com

# 仓库地址
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

# 检测签名机制(1:开启检测 0:关闭检测)
gpgcheck=1

# 签名机制秘钥地址
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7


yum仓库类型


# 1.远程仓库
http://   端口:80
https://   端口:443
ftp://     端口:21
# 2.本地仓库
file://   没有端口(本地协议)

# 协议:http:// https:// ftp:// file://

http://   端口:80
https://   端口:443
ftp://     端口:21
file://   没有端口(本地协议)


本地yum仓库(file://)


# 先决条件
1)创建仓库的命令
- createrepo

2)还要有rpm包
- 网站获取
- 镜像获取
- yum源获取

3)yum源的配置文件

# 1.安装创建仓库的命令
[root@localhost <sub>]# yum install -y createrepo

# 2.通过镜像,获取rpm包
# 1)挂载镜像
[root@localhost </sub>]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only

# 2)创建一个仓库目录
[root@localhost <sub>]# mkdir /local_yum_repo

# 3)拷贝rpm包到仓库目录中
[root@localhost </sub>]# cp /mnt/Packages/*.rpm /local_yum_repo/

# 4)先把仓库变成目录
[root@localhost <sub>]# createrepo /local_yum_repo/
Spawning worker 0 with 4070 pkgs
Workers Finished
Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata
Generating sqlite DBs
Sqlite DBs complete

# 5)检查是否把目录变成了仓库
[root@localhost </sub>]# ll -d /local_yum_repo/
drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 225280 Apr 25 17:28 /local_yum_repo/

# 6)压缩其他yum源
[root@localhost <sub>]# gzip -r /etc/yum.repos.d/

# 7)手写yum源配置文件(必须以repo结尾)
# 仓库名
[zxw_local]

# 仓库描述
name=Local Pepository By zxw

# 仓库地址
baseurl=file:///local_yum_repo

#关闭签名检测机制
gpgcheck=0

#开启仓库
enabled=1

# 8)使用yum源
[root@localhost </sub>]# yum repolist all
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
repo id repo name status
zxw_local Local Pepository By zxw enabled: 4,070
repolist: 4,070


远程yum仓库


# 1.先决条件
1)创建仓库的命令
- createrepo
2)还要有rpm包
- 网站获取
- 镜像获取
- yum源获取
3)yum源的配置文件
# 1.安装创建仓库的命令
[root@localhost <sub>]# yum install -y createrepo

# 2.通过镜像,获取rpm包
## 1)挂载镜像
[root@localhost </sub>]# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only

## 2)安装安装vsftpd服务
[root@localhost <sub>]# yum install -y vsftpd

## 3)启动服务
[root@localhost </sub>]# systemctl start vsftpd

## 4)检查端口
如果没有命令net-tools就安装一个
[root@localhost <sub>]# yum install -y net-tools
[root@localhost </sub>]# netstat -lntup
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:22 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 941/sshd
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:25 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1107/master
tcp6 0 0 :::21 :::* LISTEN 11416/vsftpd
tcp6 0 0 :::22 :::* LISTEN 941/sshd
tcp6 0 0 ::1:25 :::* LISTEN 1107/master
[root@localhost <sub>]# netstat -lntup|grep vsftpd
tcp6 0 0 :::21 :::* LISTEN 11416/vsftpd
## 5)打开浏览器访问:ftp://10.0.0.105
ftp://ID

## 6)关闭防火墙
[root@localhost </sub>]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@localhost <sub>]# setenforce 0


## 7)创建仓库目录
[root@localhost </sub>]# mkdir /var/ftp/pub/{base,epel}
[root@localhost <sub>]# ll /var/ftp/pub/
total 0
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 6 Apr 25 18:27 base
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 6 Apr 25 18:27 epel

## 8)拷贝rpm包到base目录下(我就随便弄了俩,这里只是示范)
[root@localhost pub]# cp /mnt/Packages/zip-3.0-11.el7.x86_64.rpm ./base/
[root@localhost pub]# cp /mnt/Packages/tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64.rpm ./base/
[root@localhost pub]# ll base/
total 308
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 47508 Apr 25 18:42 tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 266160 Apr 25 18:38 zip-3.0-11.el7.x86_64.rpm

## 9)下载rpm包到epel源
[root@localhost pub]# cd epel/
[root@localhost epel]# wget https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/7/x86_64/Packages/h/hdf5-1.8.12-13.el7.x86_64.rpm
[root@localhost epel]# ll
total 1644
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1682124 Sep 16 2021 hdf5-1.8.12-13.el7.x86_64.rpm

## 10)分别把这两个目录做成仓库
[root@localhost </sub>]# createrepo /var/ftp/pub/base/
Spawning worker 0 with 2 pkgs
Workers Finished
Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata
Generating sqlite DBs
Sqlite DBs complete
[root@localhost <sub>]# createrepo /var/ftp/pub/epel/
Spawning worker 0 with 1 pkgs
Workers Finished
Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata
Generating sqlite DBs
Sqlite DBs complete
[root@localhost </sub>]# ll /var/ftp/pub/base/
total 312
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Apr 25 19:16 repodata
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 47508 Apr 25 18:42 tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64.rpm
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 266160 Apr 25 18:38 zip-3.0-11.el7.x86_64.rpm
[root@localhost <sub>]# ll /var/ftp/pub/epel/
total 1648
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1682124 Sep 16 2021 hdf5-1.8.12-13.el7.x86_64.rpm
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Apr 25 19:17 repodata

## 11)在其他机器上手写repo配置文件
[root@zxw </sub>]# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/base_epel.repo
[zxw_base]
name=wode base cangku
baseurl=ftp://10.0.0.105/pub/base/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1


[zxw_epel]
name=wode epel cangku
baseurl=ftp://10.0.0.105/pub/epel
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

# 12)检查yum仓库
[root@zxw <sub>]# yum repolist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
repo id repo name status
zxw_base wode base cangku 2
zxw_epel wode epel cangku 1
repolist: 3

# 13)使用yum安装
[root@zxw </sub>]# yum install -y tree
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package tree.x86_64 0:1.6.0-10.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

========================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
========================================================================================
Installing:
tree x86_64 1.6.0-10.el7 zxw_base 46 k

Transaction Summary
========================================================================================
Install 1 Package

Total download size: 46 k
Installed size: 87 k
Downloading packages:
tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64.rpm | 46 kB 00:00:00
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64 1/1
Verifying : tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64 1/1

Installed:
tree.x86_64 0:1.6.0-10.el7

Complete!
[root@zxw ~]# tree
.
├── 1.TXT
└── 2.TXT

0 directories, 2 files