一、echarts介绍

废话不多说,先上官方网站:https://echarts.apache.org/

学习echarts入门_数据可视化

1、介绍

在这里引用官方给出的ECharts,一个使用 JavaScript 实现的开源可视化库,可以流畅的运行在 PC 和移动设备上,兼容当前绝大部分浏览器(IE9/10/11,Chrome,Firefox,Safari等),底层依赖矢量图形库 ​​ZRender​​,提供直观,交互丰富,可高度个性化定制的数据可视化图表。。。

通俗的来说就是各种各样的图表,可以根据样式自己定义图表,非常的灵活多变,在我们分析数据的时候经常会用图表进行展示数据,领导最爱的图。

学习echarts入门_echarts_02

2、丰富的可视化类型

ECharts 提供了常规的​​折线图​​​、​​柱状图​​​、​​散点图​​​、​​饼图​​​、​​K线图​​​,用于统计的​​盒形图​​​,用于地理数据可视化的​​地图​​​、​​热力图​​​、​​线图​​​,用于关系数据可视化的​​关系图​​​、​​treemap​​​、​​旭日图​​​,多维数据可视化的​​平行坐标​​​,还有用于 BI 的​​漏斗图​​​,​​仪表盘​​,并且支持图与图之间的混搭。

二、上手echarts

1、如何获取echarts?

官方给出了四种获取的方法:

  • 从​​Apache ECharts 官网下载界面​​ 获取官方源码包后构建。
  • 在 ECharts 的​​GitHub​​ 获取。
  • 通过 npm 获取 echarts,​​npm install echarts --save​​,详见“[在 webpack 中使用 echarts](https://echarts.apache.org/zh/tutorial.html#在 webpack 中使用 ECharts)”
  • 通过​​jsDelivr​​ 等 CDN 引入

2、如何引用echarts?

我们下载的echarts.js只是一个js文件,要想使用它,我们要在H5网页中引入

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<!-- 引入 ECharts 文件 -->
<script src="echarts.min.js"></script>
</head>
</html>

3、创建图表

echarts有自己的语法,我们需要自己用div画一个装图表的容器,并设置高和宽。

<body>
<!-- 为 ECharts 准备一个具备大小(宽高)的 DOM -->
<div id="main" style="width: 600px;height:400px;"></div>
</body>

憨厚初始化echarts实例并通过 ​​setOption​​ 方法生成一个简单的柱状图

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>ECharts</title>
<!-- 引入 echarts.js -->
<script src="echarts.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<!-- 为ECharts准备一个具备大小(宽高)的Dom -->
<div id="main" style="width: 600px;height:400px;"></div>
<script type="text/javascript">
// 基于准备好的dom,初始化echarts实例
var myChart = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main'));

// 指定图表的配置项和数据
var option = {
title: {
text: 'ECharts 入门示例'
},
tooltip: {},
legend: {
data:['销量']
},
xAxis: {
data: ["衬衫","羊毛衫","雪纺衫","裤子","高跟鞋","袜子"]
},
yAxis: {},
series: [{
name: '销量',
type: 'bar',
data: [5, 20, 36, 10, 10, 20]
}]
};

// 使用刚指定的配置项和数据显示图表。
myChart.setOption(option);
</script>
</body>
</html>

然后查看网页就会出现一个柱状的图表了。

学习echarts入门_html_03

三、如何使用其他的图表?

在这里我列举以下图表,我们先认识大体的了解一下,基本上啥都是这种引入的。

1、折线图

将上边的实例中的option中内容换成这个,其他的不需要动就可以使用了。

option = {
xAxis: {
type: 'category',
data: ['Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun']
},
yAxis: {
type: 'value'
},
series: [{
data: [150, 230, 224, 218, 135, 147, 260],
type: 'line'
}]
};

学习echarts入门_javascript_04

2、饼状图

option = {
title: {
text: '某站点用户访问来源',
subtext: '纯属虚构',
left: 'center'
},
tooltip: {
trigger: 'item'
},
legend: {
orient: 'vertical',
left: 'left',
},
series: [
{
name: '访问来源',
type: 'pie',
radius: '50%',
data: [
{value: 1048, name: '搜索引擎'},
{value: 735, name: '直接访问'},
{value: 580, name: '邮件营销'},
{value: 484, name: '联盟广告'},
{value: 300, name: '视频广告'}
],
emphasis: {
itemStyle: {
shadowBlur: 10,
shadowOffsetX: 0,
shadowColor: 'rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5)'
}
}
}
]
};

学习echarts入门_html_05

3、散点图

option = {
xAxis: {
scale: true
},
yAxis: {
scale: true
},
series: [{
type: 'effectScatter',
symbolSize: 20,
data: [
[172.7, 105.2],
[153.4, 42]
]
}, {
type: 'scatter',
data: [[161.2, 51.6], [167.5, 59.0], [159.5, 49.2], [157.0, 63.0], [155.8, 53.6],
[170.0, 59.0], [159.1, 47.6], [166.0, 69.8], [176.2, 66.8], [160.2, 75.2],
[172.5, 55.2], [170.9, 54.2], [172.9, 62.5], [153.4, 42.0], [160.0, 50.0],
[147.2, 49.8], [168.2, 49.2], [175.0, 73.2], [157.0, 47.8], [167.6, 68.8],
[159.5, 50.6], [175.0, 82.5], [166.8, 57.2], [176.5, 87.8], [170.2, 72.8],
[174.0, 54.5], [173.0, 59.8], [179.9, 67.3], [170.5, 67.8], [160.0, 47.0],
[154.4, 46.2], [162.0, 55.0], [176.5, 83.0], [160.0, 54.4], [152.0, 45.8],
[162.1, 53.6], [170.0, 73.2], [160.2, 52.1], [161.3, 67.9], [166.4, 56.6],
[168.9, 62.3], [163.8, 58.5], [167.6, 54.5], [160.0, 50.2], [161.3, 60.3],
[167.6, 58.3], [165.1, 56.2], [160.0, 50.2], [170.0, 72.9], [157.5, 59.8],
[167.6, 61.0], [160.7, 69.1], [163.2, 55.9], [152.4, 46.5], [157.5, 54.3],
[168.3, 54.8], [180.3, 60.7], [165.5, 60.0], [165.0, 62.0], [164.5, 60.3],
[156.0, 52.7], [160.0, 74.3], [163.0, 62.0], [165.7, 73.1], [161.0, 80.0],
[162.0, 54.7], [166.0, 53.2], [174.0, 75.7], [172.7, 61.1], [167.6, 55.7],
[151.1, 48.7], [164.5, 52.3], [163.5, 50.0], [152.0, 59.3], [169.0, 62.5],
[164.0, 55.7], [161.2, 54.8], [155.0, 45.9], [170.0, 70.6], [176.2, 67.2],
[170.0, 69.4], [162.5, 58.2], [170.3, 64.8], [164.1, 71.6], [169.5, 52.8],
[163.2, 59.8], [154.5, 49.0], [159.8, 50.0], [173.2, 69.2], [170.0, 55.9],
[161.4, 63.4], [169.0, 58.2], [166.2, 58.6], [159.4, 45.7], [162.5, 52.2],
[159.0, 48.6], [162.8, 57.8], [159.0, 55.6], [179.8, 66.8], [162.9, 59.4],
[161.0, 53.6], [151.1, 73.2], [168.2, 53.4], [168.9, 69.0], [173.2, 58.4],
[171.8, 56.2], [178.0, 70.6], [164.3, 59.8], [163.0, 72.0], [168.5, 65.2],
[166.8, 56.6], [172.7, 105.2], [163.5, 51.8], [169.4, 63.4], [167.8, 59.0],
[159.5, 47.6], [167.6, 63.0], [161.2, 55.2], [160.0, 45.0], [163.2, 54.0],
[162.2, 50.2], [161.3, 60.2], [149.5, 44.8], [157.5, 58.8], [163.2, 56.4],
[172.7, 62.0], [155.0, 49.2], [156.5, 67.2], [164.0, 53.8], [160.9, 54.4],
[162.8, 58.0], [167.0, 59.8], [160.0, 54.8], [160.0, 43.2], [168.9, 60.5],
[158.2, 46.4], [156.0, 64.4], [160.0, 48.8], [167.1, 62.2], [158.0, 55.5],
[167.6, 57.8], [156.0, 54.6], [162.1, 59.2], [173.4, 52.7], [159.8, 53.2],
[170.5, 64.5], [159.2, 51.8], [157.5, 56.0], [161.3, 63.6], [162.6, 63.2],
[160.0, 59.5], [168.9, 56.8], [165.1, 64.1], [162.6, 50.0], [165.1, 72.3],
[166.4, 55.0], [160.0, 55.9], [152.4, 60.4], [170.2, 69.1], [162.6, 84.5],
[170.2, 55.9], [158.8, 55.5], [172.7, 69.5], [167.6, 76.4], [162.6, 61.4],
[167.6, 65.9], [156.2, 58.6], [175.2, 66.8], [172.1, 56.6], [162.6, 58.6],
[160.0, 55.9], [165.1, 59.1], [182.9, 81.8], [166.4, 70.7], [165.1, 56.8],
[177.8, 60.0], [165.1, 58.2], [175.3, 72.7], [154.9, 54.1], [158.8, 49.1],
[172.7, 75.9], [168.9, 55.0], [161.3, 57.3], [167.6, 55.0], [165.1, 65.5],
[175.3, 65.5], [157.5, 48.6], [163.8, 58.6], [167.6, 63.6], [165.1, 55.2],
[165.1, 62.7], [168.9, 56.6], [162.6, 53.9], [164.5, 63.2], [176.5, 73.6],
[168.9, 62.0], [175.3, 63.6], [159.4, 53.2], [160.0, 53.4], [170.2, 55.0],
[162.6, 70.5], [167.6, 54.5], [162.6, 54.5], [160.7, 55.9], [160.0, 59.0],
[157.5, 63.6], [162.6, 54.5], [152.4, 47.3], [170.2, 67.7], [165.1, 80.9],
[172.7, 70.5], [165.1, 60.9], [170.2, 63.6], [170.2, 54.5], [170.2, 59.1],
[161.3, 70.5], [167.6, 52.7], [167.6, 62.7], [165.1, 86.3], [162.6, 66.4],
[152.4, 67.3], [168.9, 63.0], [170.2, 73.6], [175.2, 62.3], [175.2, 57.7],
[160.0, 55.4], [165.1, 104.1], [174.0, 55.5], [170.2, 77.3], [160.0, 80.5],
[167.6, 64.5], [167.6, 72.3], [167.6, 61.4], [154.9, 58.2], [162.6, 81.8],
[175.3, 63.6], [171.4, 53.4], [157.5, 54.5], [165.1, 53.6], [160.0, 60.0],
[174.0, 73.6], [162.6, 61.4], [174.0, 55.5], [162.6, 63.6], [161.3, 60.9],
[156.2, 60.0], [149.9, 46.8], [169.5, 57.3], [160.0, 64.1], [175.3, 63.6],
[169.5, 67.3], [160.0, 75.5], [172.7, 68.2], [162.6, 61.4], [157.5, 76.8],
[176.5, 71.8], [164.4, 55.5], [160.7, 48.6], [174.0, 66.4], [163.8, 67.3]
],
}]
};

学习echarts入门_可视化_06

4、路径图

$.get(ROOT_PATH + '/data/asset/data/hangzhou-tracks.json', function(data) {
var lines = data.map(function (track) {
return {
coords: track.map(function (seg, idx) {
return seg.coord;
})
};
});
myChart.setOption(option = {
bmap: {
center: [120.13066322374, 30.240018034923],
zoom: 14,
roam: true,
mapStyle: {
styleJson: [{
'featureType': 'water',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#d1d1d1'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'land',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#f3f3f3'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'railway',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'visibility': 'off'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'highway',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#fdfdfd'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'highway',
'elementType': 'labels',
'stylers': {
'visibility': 'off'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'arterial',
'elementType': 'geometry',
'stylers': {
'color': '#fefefe'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'arterial',
'elementType': 'geometry.fill',
'stylers': {
'color': '#fefefe'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'poi',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'visibility': 'off'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'green',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'visibility': 'off'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'subway',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'visibility': 'off'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'manmade',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#d1d1d1'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'local',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#d1d1d1'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'arterial',
'elementType': 'labels',
'stylers': {
'visibility': 'off'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'boundary',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#fefefe'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'building',
'elementType': 'all',
'stylers': {
'color': '#d1d1d1'
}
}, {
'featureType': 'label',
'elementType': 'labels.text.fill',
'stylers': {
'color': '#999999'
}
}]
}
},
series: [{
type: 'lines',
coordinateSystem: 'bmap',
data: lines,
polyline: true,
lineStyle: {
color: 'purple',
opacity: 0.6,
width: 1
}
}]
});
});

学习echarts入门_html_07

5、仪表盘

option = {
series: [{
type: 'gauge',
anchor: {
show: true,
showAbove: true,
size: 18,
itemStyle: {
color: '#FAC858'
}
},
pointer: {
icon: 'path://M2.9,0.7L2.9,0.7c1.4,0,2.6,1.2,2.6,2.6v115c0,1.4-1.2,2.6-2.6,2.6l0,0c-1.4,0-2.6-1.2-2.6-2.6V3.3C0.3,1.9,1.4,0.7,2.9,0.7z',
width: 8,
length: '80%',
offsetCenter: [0, '8%']
},

progress: {
show: true,
overlap: true,
roundCap: true
},
axisLine: {
roundCap: true
},
data: [{
value: 20,
name: '完成率',
title: {
offsetCenter: ['-40%', '80%']
},
detail: {
offsetCenter: ['-40%', '95%']
}
},
{
value: 40,
name: '达标率',
title: {
offsetCenter: ['0%', '80%']
},
detail: {
offsetCenter: ['0%', '95%']
}
},
{
value: 60,
name: '优秀率',
title: {
offsetCenter: ['40%', '80%']
},
detail: {
offsetCenter: ['40%', '95%']
}
}
],
title: {
fontSize: 14
},
detail: {
width: 40,
height: 14,
fontSize: 14,
color: '#fff',
backgroundColor: 'auto',
borderRadius: 3,
formatter: '{value}%'
}
}]
};

setInterval(function () {
option.series[0].data[0].value = (Math.random() * 100).toFixed(2) - 0;
option.series[0].data[1].value = (Math.random() * 100).toFixed(2) - 0;
option.series[0].data[2].value = (Math.random() * 100).toFixed(2) - 0;
myChart.setOption(option, true);
}, 2000);

学习echarts入门_echarts_08

6、象形柱图

// Generate data
var category = [];
var dottedBase = +new Date();
var lineData = [];
var barData = [];

for (var i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
var date = new Date(dottedBase += 3600 * 24 * 1000);
category.push([
date.getFullYear(),
date.getMonth() + 1,
date.getDate()
].join('-'));
var b = Math.random() * 200;
var d = Math.random() * 200;
barData.push(b)
lineData.push(d + b);
}


// option
option = {
backgroundColor: '#0f375f',
tooltip: {
trigger: 'axis',
axisPointer: {
type: 'shadow'
}
},
legend: {
data: ['line', 'bar'],
textStyle: {
color: '#ccc'
}
},
xAxis: {
data: category,
axisLine: {
lineStyle: {
color: '#ccc'
}
}
},
yAxis: {
splitLine: {show: false},
axisLine: {
lineStyle: {
color: '#ccc'
}
}
},
series: [{
name: 'line',
type: 'line',
smooth: true,
showAllSymbol: true,
symbol: 'emptyCircle',
symbolSize: 15,
data: lineData
}, {
name: 'bar',
type: 'bar',
barWidth: 10,
itemStyle: {
barBorderRadius: 5,
color: new echarts.graphic.LinearGradient(
0, 0, 0, 1,
[
{offset: 0, color: '#14c8d4'},
{offset: 1, color: '#43eec6'}
]
)
},
data: barData
}, {
name: 'line',
type: 'bar',
barGap: '-100%',
barWidth: 10,
itemStyle: {
color: new echarts.graphic.LinearGradient(
0, 0, 0, 1,
[
{offset: 0, color: 'rgba(20,200,212,0.5)'},
{offset: 0.2, color: 'rgba(20,200,212,0.2)'},
{offset: 1, color: 'rgba(20,200,212,0)'}
]
)
},
z: -12,
data: lineData
}, {
name: 'dotted',
type: 'pictorialBar',
symbol: 'rect',
itemStyle: {
color: '#0f375f'
},
symbolRepeat: true,
symbolSize: [12, 4],
symbolMargin: 1,
z: -10,
data: lineData
}]
};

学习echarts入门_数据可视化_09

好了,以上就是我列举的一部分数据图,还有好多的图表没有展示,想要学习可以去官网进行查看学习,有什么问题欢迎和我交流。或者关注我的微信公众号**“码上言”**获得更多的学习。

学习echarts入门_html_10