/cdimage/weekly-builds/amd64/iso-dvd/ 2, 制作U盘安装盘: cat debian-testing-amd64-DVD-1.iso > /dev/sdx 3, 默认

每日一贴,今天的内容关键字为安装环境

    亲测机型: Thinkpad T420(爱机)

    1, 载下镜像件文: debian-testing-amd64-DVD-1.iso

http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/weekly-builds/amd64/iso-dvd/

    2, 作制U盘安装盘:

cat debian-testing-amd64-DVD-1.iso > /dev/sdx

    3, 默许安装的是gnome面桌, 如果想安装别的面桌环境可以在安装过程当中不选择安装面桌环境.

    只安装base系统, 完成后再安装须要的面桌环境(以kde为例).

    4, 安装kde:

    - 将debian-testing-amd64-DVD-1.iso拷贝到U盘, 或者移动硬盘...

    - 手动挂载该U盘(当然要用root), "mount /dev/sdx /media/xxx"

    - 找到系统镜像在U盘上的位置, e.g. "/media/xxx/system-img/debian-testing-amd64-DVD-1.iso"

    - 建创一个cdrom软链接到"/dev/", "ln -s /media/xxx/system-img/debian-testing-amd64-DVD-1.iso /dev/sr0"

    (如果之前有sr0先将其mv为sr1)

    - 把镜像件文作为源, "apt-cdrom add" (安装DVD里的kde而不是通过网络, 这样要快很多)

    - apt-get update; apt-get install task-kde-desktop (kde面桌环境)

    - 安装文中环境, 安装后就可以常正表现文中, 也会安装fcitx输入法(个人感觉在debian下比ibus好用)

task-chinese-s-desktop - Simplified Chinese desktop
kde-l10n-zhcn - Chinese Simplified (zh_CN) localization files for KDE
task-chinese-s - Simplified Chinese environment
task-chinese-s-kde-desktop - Simplified Chinese KDE desktop

    - 启重后进入kde面桌环境

    5, 改更更新源/etc/apt/sources.list

## 163
#deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main contrib non-free
#deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy main non-free contrib
#deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian wheezy-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

## china
deb http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free

# debian security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib

# multimedia
deb http://deb-multimedia.org wheezy main non-free

# virtualbox
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian wheezy contrib

    6, multimedia source warning ?

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 1F41B907

    7, 修改用户

    在件文/etc/sudoers中加添一行, 如下:

username ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

    8, 安装邮件客户端icedove(其实就是thunderbird, 因为商标问题, 在debian下porting为这个)

    每日一道理
微笑,是春天里的一丝新绿,是秋日里的一缕阳光,是骄阳下的一片浓荫,是冬雪中的一株梅红……微笑着去面对吧,你会感到人生是那样的温馨与甜蜜!
apt-get install icedove icedove-l10n-zh-cn

    p.s. 前以份备的thunderbird或者icedove邮件直接拷贝到~/.icedove/xxxx.default/Mail以可就了

    我在份备的时候发明要先建创账户, 然后把动自生成的~/.icedove/xxxx.default/Mail用之前份备的替换掉才可以.

    9, virtualBox

    - 下面包含了virtualbox的源, apt-get update后直接apt-get install virtualbox-4.2

    - 修改"Default Machine Folder", 直接在 "~/.VirtualBox/VirtualBox.xml" 中修改默许路径(VirtualBox VMs)
- 装完virtualbox没法挂载u盘(等外设),在/etc/group里修改用户组,如下:

vboxusers:x:121:username

    10, cannot found wifi firmware ?

apt-get install firmware-iwlwifi

    11, thinkpad 键中滑屏设置

    安装环境在thinkpad上安装debian wheezy (Note of install debian wheezy on Thinkpad)_desktop

    add code below into /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-thinkpad.conf (creat this file)

Section "InputClass"
    	Identifier "Trackpoint Wheel Emulation"
    	MatchProduct       "TPPS/2 IBM TrackPoint|DualPoint Stick|Synaptics Inc. Composite TouchPad / TrackPoint|ThinkPad USB Keyboard with TrackPoint|USB Trackpoint pointing device" 
    	MatchDevicePath    "/dev/input/event*"
    	Option             "EmulateWheel"          "true"
    	Option             "EmulateWheelButton"    "2"
    	Option             "Emulate3Buttons"       "false"
    	Option             "XAxisMapping"          "6 7"
    	Option             "YAxisMapping"          "4 5"
EndSection

    More info:

    http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/How_to_configure_the_TrackPoint#GPointing_Device_Settings

    http://wiki.debian.org/InstallingDebianOn/Thinkpad/Trackpoint

    12, cannot mount removeable storage after install debian via usb ? (没法挂载u盘、移动硬盘?)

    用u盘安装系统的时候, 系统在/etc/fstab里设置了sdb*的权限, 如下:
将这几行删掉就好了.

/dev/sr0        /media/cdrom0   udf,iso9660 user,noauto     0       0
	/dev/sdb1       /media/usb0     auto    rw,user,noauto  0       0
	/dev/sdb2       /media/usb1     auto    rw,user,noauto  0       0

    Details-> http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=612119

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