安装部署

Apache_htmlApache_vim_02
 1 # 源码安装
 2 yum install apr-devel apr-util-devel pcre-devel
 3 Wget http://mirrors.hust.edu.cn/apache/httpd/httpd-2.4.29.tar.bz2
 4 Apache WEB服务器安装步骤如下:
 5 tar  -xjvf  httpd-2.4.29.tar.bz2            tar工具解压httpd包;
 6 cd httpd-2.4.29/                            进入解压后目录
 7 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2/ --enable-rewrite --enable-so     //预编译Apache,启用rewrite规则、启用动态加载库;
 8 编译的时候可以通过configure的参数来指定--with-mpm=prefork|worker|event()
 9 也可以编译为三种都支持,通过修改配置来更换。--enable-mpms-shared=all
10 make                                        //编译
11 make install                                //安装Apache2.4.29
12 
13 # YUM安装
14 yum install httpd apr-devel apr-util-devel php php-devel pcre-devel -y
15 
16 # 相关依赖包安装
17 yum install apr apr-devel apr-util apr-util-devel pcre pcre-devel -y    //安装ARP相关优化模块
18 APR(Apache portable Run-time libraries,Apache可移植运行库)
19 如其名称一样,主要为上层的应用程序提供一个可以跨越多操作系统平台使用的底层支持接口库
20 
21 # 语法检查
22 /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl configtest
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Apache虚拟主机
Apache_htmlApache_vim_02
 1 # 源码版
 2 # vim conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
 3 <VirtualHost *:81>
 4     ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com
 5     DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache/htdocs/host1"
 6     ServerName host1.com
 7     ServerAlias www.dummy-host.example.com
 8     ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"
 9     CustomLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common
10 </VirtualHost>
11 # vim conf/httpd.conf
12     Listen 80
13     Listen 81
14     Listen 82    //添加监听端口
15     ......
16  # Virtual hosts
17  #Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf     //删除开头注释,使vhost.conf生效
18  #/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start    //重启服务
19  
20 # YUM版:
21 # cp /usr/share/doc/httpd/httpd-vhosts.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/
22 # vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/httpd-vhosts.conf
23 <VirtualHost *:80>
24     ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com
25     DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/host1"
26     ServerName host1.com            //域名
27     ServerAlias host(1).com            //关联域名host(1)和host1
28     ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"
29     CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common
30 </VirtualHost>
31 # vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
32 #Listen 12.34.56.78:80
33 Listen 80
34 Listen 81        //增加监听端口
35 # systemctl restart httpd.service
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修改默认发布目录
Apache_htmlApache_vim_02
 1 [root@iscsi-client ~] # vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
 2 [root@iscsi-client ~] #DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"
 3 DocumentRoot "/data/test"        //注释原始发布目录,添加新发布目录
 4 <Directory "/data">
 5     Require all granted            //给新的发布目录授权
 6 </Directory>
 7 
 8 [root@iscsi-client ~]# ls -lZd /var/www/html
 9 drwxr-xr-x. root root system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 /var/www/html
10 [root@iscsi-client ~]# ls -lZd /data/test
11 drwxrwxrwx. root root unconfined_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0 /data/test
12 # 查看默认发布目录与新建目录安全上下文不一致,修改新目录安全上下文
13 [root@iscsi-client ~]# semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t "/data/test(/.*)?"
14 [root@iscsi-client ~]# ls -lZd /data/test
15 drwxrwxrwx. root root unconfined_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0 /data/test
16 [root@iscsi-client ~]# restorecon -FvvR /data/
17 restorecon reset /data context system_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0->system_u:object_r:default_t:s0
18 restorecon reset /data/test context unconfined_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0->system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0
19 restorecon reset /data/test/index.html context unconfined_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0->system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0
20 restorecon reset /data/lost+found context system_u:object_r:unlabeled_t:s0->system_u:object_r:default_t:s0
21 [root@iscsi-client ~]# ls -lZd /data/test
22 drwxrwxrwx. root root system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 /data/test
23 [root@iscsi-client ~]# curl 127.0.0.1
24 <h1>test</h1>
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ERROR
Apache_htmlApache_vim_02
 1 缺失相关依赖包(查找相关路径并指明):
 2 #apr-1-config --bindir    //查找pcre路径
 3 #pcre-config --prefix    //查找pcre路径
 4 # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache/ --enable-rewrite --enable-so --with-apr=/usr/bin --with-pcre=/usr
 5 
 6 PHP不能解析之判断故障 
 7 1.  /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -M  //查看有没有加载php5_module(shared)模块; 
 8 2.  在/usr/local/apache2/modules/ 目录下,查看有没有加载libphp5.so模块; 
 9 3.  复查编译的配置文件有否有误:/usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf 
10 修改apache的配置文件httpd.conf 
11 vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf 
12 在httpd.conf中找到: “AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz” 在该行下面添加 
13 “AddType application/x-httpd-php .php” 
14 再找继续找到:“DirectoryIndex index.html”,把此行修改成 
15 “DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php” 
16 再找到: “#ServerName www.example.com:80”把此行修改成 
17 “ServerName localhost:80” 保存后退 
18 4.  使用命令查看主配置文件是否有误:/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t 
19 5.  在编译安装apache时,建议加上两个参数(以后用到就不需要再编译): 
20 --enable-modes-shared=most        //编译加载最多的模块 
21 --enalbe-modes-shared=all        //编译加载所有模块 
22 总之出现故障后,先要判断问题的原因,这样才有办法应对。
23 
24 ·/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl  -M:查看安装了哪些模块
25 ·/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl   -V:查看使用的模式
26 ·/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl  -t:检查语法错误
27 ·/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl  -l:查看安装的库文件
28 ·/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl graceful:重新加载配置
29 ·/usr/local/apache2/htcocs         主页存放目录
30 ·/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl  启动文件目录
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