import com.alibaba.excel.enums.CellDataTypeEnum;
import com.alibaba.excel.metadata.Head;
import com.alibaba.excel.metadata.data.CellData;
import com.alibaba.excel.metadata.data.WriteCellData;
import com.alibaba.excel.write.metadata.holder.WriteSheetHolder;
import com.alibaba.excel.write.style.column.AbstractColumnWidthStyleStrategy;
import org.apache.commons.collections4.CollectionUtils;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Cell;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * @describe: EasyExcel 自适应列宽<br/>
 * @date: 2021/10/26 12:49 <br/>
 * @author: <a href="#">fxsen</a>
 */
public class EasyExcelCustomCellWriteHandler  extends AbstractColumnWidthStyleStrategy {
    private Map<Integer, Map<Integer, Integer>> CACHE = new HashMap<>();
    @Override
    protected void setColumnWidth(WriteSheetHolder writeSheetHolder, List<WriteCellData<?>> cellDataList, Cell cell, Head head, Integer relativeRowIndex, Boolean isHead) {
        boolean needSetWidth = isHead || !CollectionUtils.isEmpty(cellDataList);
        if (needSetWidth) {
            Map<Integer, Integer> maxColumnWidthMap = CACHE.get(writeSheetHolder.getSheetNo());
            if (maxColumnWidthMap == null) {
                maxColumnWidthMap = new HashMap<>();
                CACHE.put(writeSheetHolder.getSheetNo(), maxColumnWidthMap);
            }

            Integer columnWidth = this.dataLength(cellDataList, cell, isHead);
            if (columnWidth >= 0) {
                if (columnWidth > 255) {
                    columnWidth = 255;
                }
                Integer maxColumnWidth = maxColumnWidthMap.get(cell.getColumnIndex());
                if (maxColumnWidth == null || columnWidth > maxColumnWidth) {
                    maxColumnWidthMap.put(cell.getColumnIndex(), columnWidth);
                    writeSheetHolder.getSheet().setColumnWidth(cell.getColumnIndex(), columnWidth * 256);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private Integer dataLength(List<WriteCellData<?>> cellDataList, Cell cell, Boolean isHead) {
        if (isHead) {
            return cell.getStringCellValue().getBytes().length;
        } else {
            CellData cellData = cellDataList.get(0);
            CellDataTypeEnum type = cellData.getType();
            if (type == null) {
                return -1;
            } else {
                switch (type) {
                    case STRING:
                        return cellData.getStringValue().getBytes().length;
                    case BOOLEAN:
                        return cellData.getBooleanValue().toString().getBytes().length;
                    case NUMBER:
                        return cellData.getNumberValue().toString().getBytes().length;
                    default:
                        return -1;
                }
            }
        }
    }

调用示例

EasyExcel.write(response.getOutputStream())
        .head(ExcelHeaderUtil.getColumnName(columnName))
        .registerWriteHandler(ExcelHeaderUtil.cellBorder())
        .registerWriteHandler(new EasyExcelCustomCellWriteHandler())
        .sheet("栏目数据").doWrite(list);