1.在<head>元素中包括JavaScript文件是传统的方法。然而,依据Yahoo!”80%的终于用户响应时间在前端上”的说法,这些事件大部分花在资产的下载上,比如样式表,图片,脚本等。降低这些资产的数量明显非常重要,在HTML文件的最后包括JavaScript也变得更加常见。这是由于脚本阻止并行下载,也就是说其它资产在每一个脚本单独下载完之前无法下载。为了确保脚本放在正确的位置,在</html>结束标记之前包括它。

2.注意:创建自己定义 data- 属性的唯一限制是属性的自己定义部分的长度至少为一个字符,不能包含大写字母。

3.jQuery Mobile框架一次仅仅能显示当中一个页面,使用 data-title 属性动态改变页面标题。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>切换页面</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>

<body class="container">

<!-- page 1 -->
<div data-role="page" id="page-one" data-title="Page 1">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Page 1</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p>Body copy for page 1</p>
<p><a href="#page-two">Link to page 2</a></p>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

<!-- page 2 -->
<div data-role="page" id="page-two" data-title="Page 2">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Page 2</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p>Body copy for page 2</p>
<p><a href="#page-one">Link to page 1</a></p>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>
</body>
</html>


4.用jQuery Mobile创建主要的对话框窗体非常easy。仅仅要在不论什么链接锚标记上使用data-rel属性,并将其值设置为dialog。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>对话框</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>

<body>

<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Dialog Test</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p><a href="#multipage-dialog" data-rel="dialog">Open Muti-page Dialog</a></p>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

<div data-role="page" id="multipage-dialog">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Multi-page dialog window</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p><a href="dialog.html" data-rel="back">OK</a></p>
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


5.很多输入元素类型被jQuery Mobile自己主动增强为按钮。这包含类型属性被设置为button,submit,reset或image的输入元素,它们的默认外观都同样。更改这样的默认的增强的唯一手段是将data-role设置为none。

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>编辑对话框</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>

<body>

<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>John Doe</h1>
<a href="#options-dialog" data-icon="gear" class="ui-btn-right" data-rel="dialog">Edit Profile</a>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p>123 E Street</p>
<p>Chicago, I1 60622</p>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

<div data-role="page" id="options-dialog">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Edit John Doe</h1>
<a href="#" data-icon="check">Save</a>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<label for="profile-image">Profile Image</label>
<p><img src="images/boy.jpg"></p>
<input type="file" id="profile-image" name="prfile-image">
<label for="street-address">Street Address</label>
<input type="text" id="street-address" name="street-address" value="123 E Street">
<label for="city">City</label>
<input type="text" id="city" name="city" value="Chicago">
<label for="state">State</label>
<input type="text" id="state" name="state" value="I1">
<label for="zip-code">Zip Code</label>
<input type="text" id="zip-code" name="zip-code" value="60622">
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>controlgroup</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
<style type="text/css">
.align-left{ float:left;}
.align-right{ float:right;}
</style>
</head>

<body class="container">

<div data-role="page" id="page-one">

<div data-role="header">
<div data-role="controlgroup" data-type="horizontal" class="align-left">
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="home">Home</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="arrow-l">Back</a>
</div>
<div data-role="controlgroup" data-type="horizontal" class="align-right">
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="delete">Delete</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="check">Save</a>
</div>
<h1>Page</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p>Body</p>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

6.jQuery Mobile框架巧妙地依据button数量平均切割navbar的空间。唯一须要注意的是,假设它们包括超过5个超链接,就会開始卷绕到多行。这从某种程度上来说是一种局限,可是也是可取之处,由于移动设备没有足够的水平空间容纳这么多button。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>navbar</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header" data-fullscreen="true" data-position="fixed">
<img alt="header" src="images/header.png">
<div data-role="navbar">
<ul>
<li><a href="#" data-icon="home" data-iconpos="top">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="#" data-icon="arrow-l" data-iconpos="top">Edit</a></li>
<li><a href="#" data-icon="arrow-r" data-iconpos="top">Search</a></li>
<li><a href="#" data-icon="arrow-u" data-iconpos="top">About</a></li>
<li><a href="#" data-icon="arrow-d" data-iconpos="top">Help</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<p>Body</p>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

7.网格行--具有ui-block-a类的每一个元素自己主动清除行,建立一个新行。查看jQuery Mobile框架中包括的用于ui-block-a类的实际CSS,你就会发现它清除了左浮动。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>ui-block</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Head</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<div class="ui-grid-c">
<div class="ui-block-a">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">A</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-b">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">B</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-c">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">C</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-d">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">D</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-a">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">A</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-b">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">B</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-c">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">C</div>
</div>
<div class="ui-block-d">
<div class="ui-bar ui-bar-b">D</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

8.为容器加入collapsible  data-role,标题元素自己主动转换为一个button,可用来展开和收起段落。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>collapsible</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Head</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<div data-role="collapsible" data-collapsed="false">
<h3>Collapsible content header</h3>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p>
<div data-role="collapsible">
<h3>Collapsible child #1</h3>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>
</div>
<div data-role="collapsible">
<h3>Collapsible child #2</h3>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>
</div>
</div>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

9.要定义可折叠面板,必须创建一个包括一组可折叠内容区域的容器元素。在这个容器元素上,data-role必须设置为collapsible-set值。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>collapsible-set</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Head</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<div data-role="collapsible-set">
<div data-role="collapsible">
<h3>Collapsible child #1</h3>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>
</div>
<div data-role="collapsible">
<h3>Collapsible child #2</h3>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>
</div>
</div>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

10. jQuery Mobile在无序列表元素的開始标记中附加了一个值为listview的data-role属性,对这些列表元素进行增强。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>listview</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Head</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<ul data-role="listview">
<li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Articles</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Videos</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Books</a></li>
<li><a href="#">More</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

11.jQuery Mobile框架使得在列表中加入一个搜索过滤栏很easy:仅仅要为列表加入一个data-filter属性,并将值设置为true就可以,能够用附加属性data-filter-placeholder改动默认文本,该属性用于有序列表或者无序列表的開始元素。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1">
<title>filter</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.css">
<script src="js/jquery-1.9.0.js"></script>
<script src="js/jquery.mobile-1.4.4.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div data-role="page">

<div data-role="header">
<h1>Head</h1>
</div>

<div data-role="content">
<ul data-role="listview" data-filter="true" data-filter-placeholder="Search the song list ...">
<li>Across The Universe</li>
<li>Act Naturally</li>
<li>Ain't She Sweet</li>
<li>Baby It's You</li>
<li>Bad Boy</li>
<li>Because</li>
</ul>
</div>

<div data-role="footer">
Copyright
</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>


 

12.为滚动栏加入高亮显示 data-highlight="true"

<label for="my-slider">My slider</label>
<input type="range" name="slider" id="my-slider" value="50" min="0" max="100" step="10" data-highlight="true">


 

13.切换开关 data-role="slider"

<label for="flip-switch">Do you like pizza?</label>
<select name="flip-switch" id="flip-switch" data-role="slider" data-highlight="true">
<option value="yes">Yes</option>
<option value="no">No</option>
</select>


 

14.jQuery Mobile有一个主题系统,包括了由字母“a”到“e”定义的5个样本。样本能够在单个网页上混合和匹配,同意全然自己定义,使用样本非常easy,仅仅要使用data-theme属性就可以。

<a href="#" data-role="button" data-theme="a">Swatch A</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-theme="b">Swatch B</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-theme="c">Swatch C</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-theme="d">Swatch D</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-theme="e">Swatch E</a>


 

15.jQuery Mobile包括一个名为mobileinit的初始化事件,它在jQuery的document.ready事件之前载入。这使得你能够覆盖和扩展jQuery Mobile的默认全局选项,也是全部自己定义的開始。为了扩展mobileinit事件,你必须正确排列JavaScript的顺序。你必须在jQuery Mobile载入之前,jQuery框架载入之后包括自己定义JavaScript事件处理器。