## Simpsons’ Hidden Talents

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 15010    Accepted Submission(s): 5148

Problem Description

Homer: Marge, I just figured out a way to discover some of the talents we weren’t aware we had.
Marge: Yeah, what is it?
Homer: Take me for example. I want to find out if I have a talent in politics, OK?
Marge: OK.
Homer: So I take some politician’s name, say Clinton, and try to find the length of the longest prefix
in Clinton’s name that is a suffix in my name. That’s how close I am to being a politician like Clinton
Marge: Why on earth choose the longest prefix that is a suffix???
Homer: Well, our talents are deeply hidden within ourselves, Marge.
Marge: So how close are you?
Homer: 0!
Marge: I’m not surprised.
Homer: But you know, you must have some real math talent hidden deep in you.
Marge: How come?
Homer: Riemann and Marjorie gives 3!!!
Marge: Who the heck is Riemann?
Homer: Never mind.
Write a program that, when given strings s1 and s2, finds the longest prefix of s1 that is a suffix of s2.

Input

Input consists of two lines. The first line contains s1 and the second line contains s2. You may assume all letters are in lowercase.

Output

Output consists of a single line that contains the longest string that is a prefix of s1 and a suffix of s2, followed by the length of that prefix. If the longest such string is the empty string, then the output should be 0.
The lengths of s1 and s2 will be at most 50000.

Sample Input

clinton homer riemann marjorie

Sample Output

0 rie 3

Source

​​HDU 2010-05 Programming Contest ​​

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abc abcabc
abcabc 6

abc dabcd  这个应该输出0  结果是输出abc 3

`#include<cstdio>#include<iostream>#include<fstream>#include<algorithm>#include<functional>#include<cstring>#include<string>#include<cstdlib>#include<iomanip>#include<numeric>#include<cctype>#include<cmath>#include<ctime>#include<queue>#include<stack>#include<list>#include<set>#include<map>using namespace std; const int N = 1000002;int nxt[N];string S,T,T1;int  tlen; void getNext(){    int j, k;    j = 0; k = -1;    nxt = -1;    while(j < tlen)        if(k == -1 || T[j] == T[k])           {            nxt[++j] = ++k;            if (T[j] != T[k])                 nxt[j] = k;            }         else            k = nxt[k]; }int main(){         while(cin>>T1>>S)    {         T=T1+S;        tlen= T.length();        getNext();        if(nxt[tlen]==0)        {        printf("0\n") ;        continue;        }        int ans=min(T1.length(),S.length());        if(nxt[tlen]<=T1.length()&&nxt[tlen]<=S.length())            ans=nxt[tlen];        cout<<T.substr(0,ans)<<" "<<ans<<endl;                 }    return 0;}`

`#include<cstdio>#include<iostream>#include<fstream>#include<algorithm>#include<functional>#include<cstring>#include<string>#include<cstdlib>#include<iomanip>#include<numeric>#include<cctype>#include<cmath>#include<ctime>#include<queue>#include<stack>#include<list>#include<set>#include<map>using namespace std; const int N = 1000002;int nxt[N];string S,T,T1;int  tlen; void getNext(){    int j, k;    j = 0; k = -1;    nxt = -1;    while(j < tlen)        if(k == -1 || T[j] == T[k])           {            nxt[++j] = ++k;            if (T[j] != T[k])                 nxt[j] = k;            }         else            k = nxt[k]; }int main(){         while(cin>>T1>>S)    {         T=T1+S;        tlen= T.length();        getNext();                int minn=min(T1.length(),S.length());        int index=nxt[tlen];                 while (index>minn)//若超出长度                 index=nxt[index];//向前迭代寻找                     if(index==0)        {        printf("0\n") ;        continue;        }        cout<<T.substr(0,index)<<" "<<index<<endl;                 }    return 0;}`