好久不写安卓相关的文章了,最近项目需要就做了一个recylerview和顶部导航栏联动,并且导航栏要有折叠效果,楼层效果,大体效果如下(手机录屏,分辨率不是很高)

FlexboxLayoutManager+ RecyclerView实现流式布局,楼层导航栏,折叠导航栏,导航栏和列表联动_ide

下面来讲解具体实现

一,先看布局文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical">


<android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
android:id="@+id/rv_list"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginTop="50dp"/>
<com.example.qcl.demo.floorview.FloorView
android:id="@+id/widget_show_all_tabs"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:background="@color/colorWhite"
android:visibility="visible"/>
</RelativeLayout>

布局文件里用到了FloorView这个自定义控件。

二,来看自定义控件FloorView

package com.example.qcl.demo.floorview;

import android.content.Context;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.support.v7.widget.LinearSmoothScroller;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.alibaba.android.vlayout.VirtualLayoutManager;
import com.example.qcl.demo.R;
import com.google.android.flexbox.FlexboxLayoutManager;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class FloorView extends LinearLayout {
private Context context;
private View widgetView;
private RecyclerView recyclerView;
MyAdapter myAdapter;

private boolean isArrowDown;
private ImageView ivArrow;

VirtualLayoutManager vLayoutManager;

private int selectNum = 0;
private List<String> listAll;
private List<String> listFirstLine;

public FloorView(Context context) {
this(context, null);
}

public FloorView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs) {
this(context, attrs, -1);
}

public FloorView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
this.context = context;
widgetView = inflate(context, R.layout.widget_indicator_floor_view, this);
initRecylerView();
initArrow();
}

private void initArrow() {
ivArrow = widgetView.findViewById(R.id.iv_arrow);
ivArrow.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
if (isArrowDown) {

} else {

}
isArrowDown = !isArrowDown;
setArrow(isArrowDown);
}
});
}

private void initRecylerView() {
recyclerView = widgetView.findViewById(R.id.rv_list);
//设置flexbox
FlexboxLayoutManager layoutManager = new FlexboxLayoutManager(context);
// layoutManager.setFlexDirection(FlexDirection.ROW);
// layoutManager.setJustifyContent(JustifyContent.FLEX_END);
recyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);
myAdapter = new MyAdapter();
recyclerView.setAdapter(myAdapter);
}

public void addDisplayItem(ArrayList<String> lists, int num) {
if (lists == null) {
return;
}
listAll = lists;
myAdapter.setSelectPosition(num);

if (lists.size() > 4) {
listFirstLine = lists.subList(0, 4);
ivArrow.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
setArrow(true);
myAdapter.setListData(listFirstLine);
myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
} else {
ivArrow.setVisibility(View.GONE);
myAdapter.setListData(listAll);
myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
}
}

//展开或者折叠的箭头
public void setArrow(boolean isDown) {
if (isDown) {
ivArrow.setImageResource(R.drawable.arrow_down);
myAdapter.setListData(listAll);
myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
} else {
ivArrow.setImageResource(R.drawable.arrow_up);
myAdapter.setListData(listFirstLine);
myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
}
}

public void setRecyclerView(RecyclerView outRecyclerView, VirtualLayoutManager
vLayoutManager2) {
this.vLayoutManager = vLayoutManager2;
outRecyclerView.addOnScrollListener(new RecyclerView.OnScrollListener() {
@Override
public void onScrollStateChanged(RecyclerView recyclerView, int newState) {
super.onScrollStateChanged(recyclerView, newState);
int firstVisibleItemPosition = vLayoutManager.findFirstVisibleItemPosition();
myAdapter.setSelectPosition((firstVisibleItemPosition / 5) % 8);
}

@Override
public void onScrolled(RecyclerView recyclerView, int dx, int dy) {
super.onScrolled(recyclerView, dx, dy);
}
});
}

public void selectPosition(int position) {
if (vLayoutManager == null) {
return;
}
LinearSmoothScroller smoothScroller = new LinearSmoothScroller
(context) {
@Override
protected int getVerticalSnapPreference() {
return LinearSmoothScroller.SNAP_TO_START;
}

//设置滑动1px所需时间
@Override
protected float calculateSpeedPerPixel
(DisplayMetrics displayMetrics) {
//缩短每px的滑动时间
float MILLISECONDS_PER_INCH = getResources().getDisplayMetrics()
.density * 0.03f;
return MILLISECONDS_PER_INCH / displayMetrics.density;
//返回滑动一个pixel需要多少毫秒
}
};
smoothScroller.setTargetPosition(position * 5);
vLayoutManager.startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller);
myAdapter.setSelectPosition(position);
}


/**
* 用内部类来写adapter
*/
public class MyAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<MyAdapter.ViewHolder> {
private List<String> contents;

public void setListData(List<String> lists) {
this.contents = lists;
}

public void setSelectPosition(int num) {
selectNum = num;
notifyDataSetChanged();
}


//创建新View,被LayoutManager所调用
@Override
public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup viewGroup, int viewType) {
View view = LayoutInflater.from(viewGroup.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.item_floor, viewGroup, false);
ViewHolder vh = new ViewHolder(view);
return vh;
}

//将数据与界面进行绑定的操作
@Override
public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder viewHolder, final int position) {
viewHolder.mTextView.setText(contents.get(position));
if (selectNum == position) {
viewHolder.mTextView.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.shape_show_all_indicator_rectangle_active);
viewHolder.mTextView.setTextColor(0xff12CFC9);
} else {
viewHolder.mTextView.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.shape_show_all_indicator_rectangle);
viewHolder.mTextView.setTextColor(0xff666666);
}
viewHolder.mTextView.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
setSelectPosition(position);
selectPosition(position);
}
});
}

//获取数据的数量
@Override
public int getItemCount() {
return contents.size();
}

//自定义的ViewHolder,持有每个Item的的所有界面元素
class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {

TextView mTextView;

ViewHolder(View view) {
super(view);
mTextView = view.findViewById(R.id.tv);
}
}


}

}

是不是感觉代码挺多的,其实原理很简单

- 1,FlexboxLayoutManager+ RecyclerView实现流式布局

- 2,RecyclerView的MyAdapter来实现折叠或者展开效果

//展开或者折叠的箭头
public void setArrow(boolean isDown) {
if (isDown) {
ivArrow.setImageResource(R.drawable.arrow_down);
myAdapter.setListData(listAll);
myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
} else {
ivArrow.setImageResource(R.drawable.arrow_up);
myAdapter.setListData(listFirstLine);
myAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
}
}
```
通过往myAdapter里传入第一行4个数据,或者传入全部数据来实现折叠和展开。

####三,列表和导航栏联动

outRecyclerView.addOnScrollListener(new RecyclerView.OnScrollListener() {

@Override

public void onScrollStateChanged(RecyclerView recyclerView, int newState) {

super.onScrollStateChanged(recyclerView, newState);

int firstVisibleItemPosition = vLayoutManager.findFirstVisibleItemPosition();

myAdapter.setSelectPosition((firstVisibleItemPosition / 5) % 8);

}

@Override
public void onScrolled(RecyclerView recyclerView, int dx, int dy) {
super.onScrolled(recyclerView, dx, dy);
}
});
主要通过监听RecyclerView的第一个可见条目的位置来实现导航栏的跟随选中

####四,点击导航栏实现列表锚点

LinearSmoothScroller smoothScroller = new LinearSmoothScroller

(context) {

@Override

protected int getVerticalSnapPreference() {

return LinearSmoothScroller.SNAP_TO_START;

}

//设置滑动1px所需时间
@Override
protected float calculateSpeedPerPixel
(DisplayMetrics displayMetrics) {
//缩短每px的滑动时间
float MILLISECONDS_PER_INCH = getResources().getDisplayMetrics()
.density * 0.03f;
return MILLISECONDS_PER_INCH / displayMetrics.density;
//返回滑动一个pixel需要多少毫秒
}
};
smoothScroller.setTargetPosition(position * 5);

“`

源码地址:​​https://github.com/qiushi123/demo3​

我的demo项目里是一个合集

FlexboxLayoutManager+ RecyclerView实现流式布局,楼层导航栏,折叠导航栏,导航栏和列表联动_安卓_02