题目:

编写一个程序,通过填充空格来解决数独问题。

数独的解法需 遵循如下规则:

数字 1-9 在每一行只能出现一次。

数字 1-9 在每一列只能出现一次。

数字 1-9 在每一个以粗实线分隔的 3x3 宫内只能出现一次。(请参考示例图)

数独部分空格内已填入了数字,空白格用 '.' 表示。

 

示例 1:

输入:board = [["5","3",".",".","7",".",".",".","."],["6",".",".","1","9","5",".",".","."],[".","9","8",".",".",".",".","6","."],["8",".",".",".","6",".",".",".","3"],["4",".",".","8",".","3",".",".","1"],["7",".",".",".","2",".",".",".","6"],[".","6",".",".",".",".","2","8","."],[".",".",".","4","1","9",".",".","5"],[".",".",".",".","8",".",".","7","9"]]

输出:[["5","3","4","6","7","8","9","1","2"],["6","7","2","1","9","5","3","4","8"],["1","9","8","3","4","2","5","6","7"],["8","5","9","7","6","1","4","2","3"],["4","2","6","8","5","3","7","9","1"],["7","1","3","9","2","4","8","5","6"],["9","6","1","5","3","7","2","8","4"],["2","8","7","4","1","9","6","3","5"],["3","4","5","2","8","6","1","7","9"]]

代码实现:

class Solution {
private boolean[][] line = new boolean[9][9];
private boolean[][] column = new boolean[9][9];
private boolean[][][] block = new boolean[3][3][9];
private boolean valid = false;
private List<int[]> spaces = new ArrayList<int[]>();

public void solveSudoku(char[][] board) {
for (int i = 0; i < 9; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < 9; ++j) {
if (board[i][j] == '.') {
spaces.add(new int[]{i, j});
} else {
int digit = board[i][j] - '0' - 1;
line[i][digit] = column[j][digit] = block[i / 3][j / 3][digit] = true;
}
}
}

dfs(board, 0);
}

public void dfs(char[][] board, int pos) {
if (pos == spaces.size()) {
valid = true;
return;
}

int[] space = spaces.get(pos);
int i = space[0], j = space[1];
for (int digit = 0; digit < 9 && !valid; ++digit) {
if (!line[i][digit] && !column[j][digit] && !block[i / 3][j / 3][digit]) {
line[i][digit] = column[j][digit] = block[i / 3][j / 3][digit] = true;
board[i][j] = (char) (digit + '0' + 1);
dfs(board, pos + 1);
line[i][digit] = column[j][digit] = block[i / 3][j / 3][digit] = false;
}
}
}
}