linux下SSH远程连接服务慢解决方案

1、适用命令及方案如下:
【远程连接及执行命令】

ssh -p22​​ root@10.0.0.19​

ssh -p22 ​​root@10.0.0.19​​ /sbin/ifconfig

【远程拷贝:推送及拉取】

scp -P22 -r -p /etc ​​root@10.0.0.19:/tmp/​

scp -P22 -r -p ​​root@10.0.0.19:/tmp/​​ /etc

【安全的FTP功能】

sftp -oPort=22 ​​root@10.0.0.19​

【无密码验证方案】

例如利用sshkey批量分发文件,执行部署操作。

2、连接慢的主要原因是DNS解析导致
解决方法:

1、在ssh服务端上更改/etc/ssh/sshd_config文件中的配置为如下内容:

UseDNS no

# GSSAPI options

GSSAPIAuthentication no

然后,执行/etc/init.d/sshd restart重启sshd进程使上述配置生效,在连接一般就不慢了。


2、如果还慢的话,检查ssh服务端上/etc/hosts文件中,127.0.0.1对应的主机名是否和

uname -n的结果一样,或者把本机ip和hostname(uname -n结果)加入到/etc/hosts里。

[root@C64 ~]# uname -n
C64
[root@C64 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
#modi by oldboy 11:12 2013/9/24
127.0.0.1 C64 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
10.0.0.18 C64
################

3、利用ssh-v的调试功能查找慢的原因
其实可以用下面的命令调试为什么慢的细节(学习这个思路很重要)。

[root@C64 ~]# ssh -v root@10.0.0.19
OpenSSH_5.3p1, OpenSSL 1.0.0-fips 29 Mar 2010
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug1: Connecting to 10.0.0.19 [10.0.0.19] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_rsa type -1
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_dsa type -1
debug1: Remote protocol version 2.0, remote software version OpenSSH_4.3
debug1: match: OpenSSH_4.3 pat OpenSSH_4*
debug1: Enabling compatibility mode for protocol 2.0
debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.3
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
debug1: kex: server->client aes128-ctr hmac-md5 none
debug1: kex: client->server aes128-ctr hmac-md5 none
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REQUEST(1024<1024<8192) sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_GROUP
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_INIT sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY
The authenticity of host '10.0.0.19 (10.0.0.19)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is ca:18:42:76:0e:5a:1c:7d:ef:fc:24:75:80:11:ad:f9.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
=======>老男孩老师评:这里就是提示保存密钥的交互提示。
Warning: Permanently added '10.0.0.19' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
debug1: ssh_rsa_verify: signature correct
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_REQUEST sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT received
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,password
debug1: Next authentication method: publickey
debug1: Trying private key: /root/.ssh/identity
debug1: Trying private key: /root/.ssh/id_rsa
debug1: Trying private key: /root/.ssh/id_dsa
debug1: Next authentication method: password
root@10.0.0.19's password:
=======>老男孩老师评:这里就是提示输入密码的交互提示。
debug1: Authentication succeeded (password).
debug1: channel 0: new [client-session]
debug1: Entering interactive session.
debug1: Sending environment.
debug1: Sending env LANG = en_US.UTF-8
Last login: Tue Sep 24 10:30:02 2013 from 10.0.0.18
在远程连接时如果慢就可以确定卡在哪了。
[root@C64_A ~]# ssh -v oldboy@10.0.0.17
OpenSSH_5.3p1, OpenSSL 1.0.0-fips 29 Mar 2010
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Applying options for *
debug1: Connecting to 10.0.0.17 [10.0.0.17] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: permanently_set_uid: 0/0
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/identity type -1
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_rsa type -1
debug1: identity file /root/.ssh/id_dsa type 2
debug1: Remote protocol version 2.0, remote software version OpenSSH_5.3
debug1: match: OpenSSH_5.3 pat OpenSSH*
debug1: Enabling compatibility mode for protocol 2.0
debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_5.3
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
debug1: kex: server->client aes128-ctr hmac-md5 none
debug1: kex: client->server aes128-ctr hmac-md5 none
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REQUEST(1024<1024<8192) sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_GROUP
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_INIT sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY
debug1: Host '10.0.0.17' is known and matches the RSA host key.
debug1: Found key in /root/.ssh/known_hosts:2
debug1: ssh_rsa_verify: signature correct
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_REQUEST sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT received
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey,gssapi-keyex,gssapi-with-mic,password
debug1: Next authentication method: gssapi-keyex
debug1: No valid Key exchange context
debug1: Next authentication method: gssapi-with-mic

上述配置没配就发现卡到gssapi这。就大概知道是gssapi的问题。

实际上在linux系统优化部分就应该优化SSH服务的此处。

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