python爬虫-33-python字体反爬,网页看到的和实际下载的不一致(实操)_5g

我试了几个网站,都没有设置字体反爬,比如说之前还设置了该技术的58同城,汽车之家等,不知道因为什么现在都没有这个东西了,这个就不是很了解了。虽然无法实操了,但是我们还是可以找一个字体来串一下流程的,往下看。

1、查找自定义字体

基于什么样子的现状需要去查找自定义字体,这个都很清楚了吧,前文已经说的很清楚了。

那么既然是前端展示,那肯定是渲染到了前端代码中了,我们查看网页源代码即可查到,一般有两种方式;

1.1、使用​​base64​​的方法进行加载

将字体库,使用​​base64​​的方法加密之后,由前端进行加载,这个时候我们如何查找呢;

查看网页源代码,在里面搜索​​@font-face​​​属性,获取里面的​​base64​​​代码,再用​​python​​进行解密,然后保存到本地即可;

1.2、将字体存放到服务器上

前端使用​​@font-face​​​中的​​url​​方法进行加载,我们拿取到后面这个地址,前面再添加个主域名,一般就能直接将这个字体文件做一个下载,这样子也拿取到了字体库。

2、解析字体

由于没有找到需要反爬的网站,这里就不发起​​get​​请求了,反正这个是最简单的一个东西,略过即可。

解析成xml文件

我们通过​​get​​​获取网页源代码之后,再通过​​re.search​​​的方法获取到​​base64​​的代码,获取代码假示如下:

AAEAAAALAIAAAwAwR1NVQiCLJXoAAAE4AAAAVE9TLzL4XQjtAAABjAAAAFZjbWFwq8x/WwAAAhAAAAIuZ2x5ZuWIN0cAAARYAAADdGhlYWQZdDdJAAAA4AAAADZoaGVhCtADIwAAALwAAAAkaG10eC7qAAAAAAHkAAAALGxvY2ED7gSyAAAEQAAAABhtYXhwARgANgAAARgAAAAgbmFtZTd6VP8AAAfMAAACanBvc3QEQwahAAAKOAAAAEUAAQAABmb+ZgAABLEAAAAABGgAAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAsAAQAAAAEAAOHnKh5fDzz1AAsIAAAAAADa9nYcAAAAANr2dhwAAP/mBGgGLgAAAAgAAgAAAAAAAAABAAAACwAqAAMAAAAAAAIAAAAKAAoAAAD/AAAAAAAAAAEAAAAKADAAPgACREZMVAAObGF0bgAaAAQAAAAAAAAAAQAAAAQAAAAAAAAAAQAAAAFsaWdhAAgAAAABAAAAAQAEAAQAAAABAAgAAQAGAAAAAQAAAAEERAGQAAUAAAUTBZkAAAEeBRMFmQAAA9cAZAIQAAACAAUDAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAFBmRWQAQJR2n6UGZv5mALgGZgGaAAAAAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAEsQAABLEAAASxAAAEsQAABLEAAASxAAAEsQAABLEAAASxAAAEsQAAAAAABQAAAAMAAAAsAAAABAAAAaYAAQAAAAAAoAADAAEAAAAsAAMACgAAAaYABAB0AAAAFAAQAAMABJR2lY+ZPJpLnjqeo59kn5Kfpf//AACUdpWPmTyaS546nqOfZJ+Sn6T//wAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABABQAFAAUABQAFAAUABQAFAAUAAAACAADAAYABAAKAAEACQACAAcABQAAAQYAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAADAAAAAAAiAAAAAAAAAAKAACUdgAAlHYAAAAIAACVjwAAlY8AAAADAACZPAAAmTwAAAAGAACaSwAAmksAAAAEAACeOgAAnjoAAAAKAACeowAAnqMAAAABAACfZAAAn2QAAAAJAACfkgAAn5IAAAACAACfpAAAn6QAAAAHAACfpQAAn6UAAAAFAAAAAAAAACgAPgBmAJoAvgDoASQBOAF+AboAAgAA/+YEWQYnAAoAEgAAExAAISAREAAjIgATECEgERAhIFsBEAECAez+6/rs/v3IATkBNP7S/sEC6AGaAaX85v54/mEBigGB/ZcCcwKJAAABAAAAAAQ1Bi4ACQAAKQE1IREFNSURIQQ1/IgBW/6cAicBWqkEmGe0oPp7AAEAAAAABCYGJwAXAAApATUBPgE1NCYjIgc1NjMyFhUUAgcBFSEEGPxSAcK6fpSMz7y389Hym9j+nwLGqgHButl0hI2wx43iv5D+69b+pwQAAQAA/+YEGQYnACEAABMWMzI2NRAhIzUzIBE0ISIHNTYzMhYVEAUVHgEVFAAjIiePn8igu/5bgXsBdf7jo5CYy8bw/sqow/7T+tyHAQN7nYQBJqIBFP9uuVjPpf7QVwQSyZbR/wBSAAACAAAAAARoBg0ACgASAAABIxEjESE1ATMRMyERNDcjBgcBBGjGvv0uAq3jxv58BAQOLf4zAZL+bgGSfwP8/CACiUVaJlH9TwABAAD/5gQhBg0AGAAANxYzMjYQJiMiBxEhFSERNjMyBBUUACEiJ7GcqaDEx71bmgL6/bxXLPUBEv7a/v3Zbu5mswEppA4DE63+SgX42uH+6kAAAAACAAD/5gRbBicAFgAiAAABJiMiAgMzNjMyEhUUACMiABEQACEyFwEUFjMyNjU0JiMiBgP6eYTJ9AIFbvHJ8P7r1+z+8wFhASClXv1Qo4eAoJeLhKQFRj7+ov7R1f762eP+3AFxAVMBmgHjLfwBmdq8lKCytAAAAAABAAAAAARNBg0ABgAACQEjASE1IQRN/aLLAkD8+gPvBcn6NwVgrQAAAwAA/+YESgYnABUAHwApAAABJDU0JDMyFhUQBRUEERQEIyIkNRAlATQmIyIGFRQXNgEEFRQWMzI2NTQBtv7rAQTKufD+3wFT/un6zf7+AUwBnIJvaJLz+P78/uGoh4OkAy+B9avXyqD+/osEev7aweXitAEohwF7aHh9YcJlZ/7qdNhwkI9r4QAAAAACAAD/5gRGBicAFwAjAAA3FjMyEhEGJwYjIgA1NAAzMgAREAAhIicTFBYzMjY1NCYjIga5gJTQ5QICZvHD/wABGN/nAQT+sP7Xo3FxoI16pqWHfaTSSgFIAS4CAsIBDNbkASX+lf6l/lP+MjUEHJy3p3en274AAAAAABAAxgABAAAAAAABAA8AAAABAAAAAAACAAcADwABAAAAAAADAA8AFgABAAAAAAAEAA8AJQABAAAAAAAFAAsANAABAAAAAAAGAA8APwABAAAAAAAKACsATgABAAAAAAALABMAeQADAAEECQABAB4AjAADAAEECQACAA4AqgADAAEECQADAB4AuAADAAEECQAEAB4A1gADAAEECQAFABYA9AADAAEECQAGAB4BCgADAAEECQAKAFYBKAADAAEECQALACYBfmZhbmdjaGFuLXNlY3JldFJlZ3VsYXJmYW5nY2hhbi1zZWNyZXRmYW5nY2hhbi1zZWNyZXRWZXJzaW9uIDEuMGZhbmdjaGFuLXNlY3JldEdlbmVyYXRlZCBieSBzdmcydHRmIGZyb20gRm9udGVsbG8gcHJvamVjdC5odHRwOi8vZm9udGVsbG8uY29tAGYAYQBuAGcAYwBoAGEAbgAtAHMAZQBjAHIAZQB0AFIAZQBnAHUAbABhAHIAZgBhAG4AZwBjAGgAYQBuAC0AcwBlAGMAcgBlAHQAZgBhAG4AZwBjAGgAYQBuAC0AcwBlAGMAcgBlAHQAVgBlAHIAcwBpAG8AbgAgADEALgAwAGYAYQBuAGcAYwBoAGEAbgAtAHMAZQBjAHIAZQB0AEcAZQBuAGUAcgBhAHQAZQBkACAAYgB5ACAAcwB2AGcAMgB0AHQAZgAgAGYAcgBvAG0AIABGAG8AbgB0AGUAbABsAG8AIABwAHIAbwBqAGUAYwB0AC4AaAB0AHQAcAA6AC8ALwBmAG8AbgB0AGUAbABsAG8ALgBjAG8AbQAAAAIAAAAAAAD/EwB3AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACwECAQMBBAEFAQYBBwEIAQkBCgELAQwAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

然后看下我们如何解析呢;

  • 首先我们获取的是​​base64​​格式的字符串,需要先解密;
  • 然后进行保存成字体库格式的文件;
  • 然后我们需要使用到​​python​​​中的​​fontTools​​​来解析字体库,并存储为​​xml​​文件格式;

这个时候我们就可以读取了,来看下:

安装模块;

pip install fonttools -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple

然后书写代码如下:

import base64
from fontTools.ttLib import TTFont

font_base64 = "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"

font = base64.b64decode(font_base64)
with open('font_ceshi.ttf', 'wb') as f:
f.write(font)
f.close()

font = TTFont('font_ceshi.ttf')
font.saveXML('font_ceshi.xml')

这样子就生成了一个对应字符集的​​xml​​文件,打开之后可以看到上文介绍的关系的一一对应,如下:

python爬虫-33-python字体反爬,网页看到的和实际下载的不一致(实操)_运维_02

上图展示的是,字体本身name之间的对应关系;

剩余内容请转至VX公众号 “运维家” ,回复 “192” 查看。



------ “运维家” ,回复 “192”  ------

------ “运维家” ,回复 “192”  ------

------ “运维家” ,回复 “192”  ------


linux文件大小,linux云主机,linuxmib,linux测试网址,linux核心版本,linux下pe系统,linux拷贝硬盘教程;

linux系统怎么清空 ,linux中百分号,linux中进程Q的状态,linux查看进程的信息,linuxpam模块编写,ps4装linux系统;

linux增加路由,小型移动电脑linux,如何修改主机名linux,linux系统如何查看挂载点,linux按m显示文件,linux网卡信息查询,如何创建用户组linux。