## POJ - 1979

There is a rectangular room, covered with square tiles. Each tile is colored either red or black. A man is standing on a black tile. From a tile, he can move to one of four adjacent tiles. But he can't move on red tiles, he can move only on black tiles.

Write a program to count the number of black tiles which he can reach by repeating the moves described above.

Input

The input consists of multiple data sets. A data set starts with a line containing two positive integers W and H; W and H are the numbers of tiles in the x- and y- directions, respectively. W and H are not more than 20.

There are H more lines in the data set, each of which includes W characters. Each character represents the color of a tile as follows.

'.' - a black tile
'#' - a red tile
'@' - a man on a black tile(appears exactly once in a data set)
The end of the input is indicated by a line consisting of two zeros.

Output

For each data set, your program should output a line which contains the number of tiles he can reach from the initial tile (including itself).

Sample Input

``````6 9
....#.
.....#
......
......
......
......
......
#@...#
.#..#.
11 9
.#.........
.#.#######.
.#.#.....#.
.#.#.###.#.
.#.#..@#.#.
.#.#####.#.
.#.......#.
.#########.
...........
11 6
..#..#..#..
..#..#..#..
..#..#..###
..#..#..#@.
..#..#..#..
..#..#..#..
7 7
..#.#..
..#.#..
###.###
...@...
###.###
..#.#..
..#.#..
0 0``````

Sample Output

45 59 6 13

``````#include<iostream>
#include<queue>
#include<stdio.h>
using namespace std;

int MAXN = 21;
char map[21][21];

struct node{
int h,w;
};

int moves[4][2] = {{0,-1},{0,1},{-1,0},{1,0}};

int main(){

int W,H;

queue<node> que;
while(scanf("%d %d",&W,&H)!=EOF){
if(W==0||H==0) break;

int h_,w_;
for(int i=0;i<H;i++){
scanf("%s",&map[i]);
for(int j=0;j<W;j++){
if(map[i][j]=='@'){
h_ = i;
w_ = j;
}
}

}
node sta;
sta.h = h_;
sta.w = w_;

que.push(sta);
int count =0;

//        for(int i=0;i<H;i++){
//            for(int j=0;j<W;j++){
//                printf("%c",map[i][j]);
//            }
//            printf("\n");
//        }
while(!que.empty()){
node temp = que.front();
que.pop();
int h = temp.h;
int w = temp.w;
if(map[h][w]=='.'){
count++;
map[h][w]= '#';
}
for(int j=0;j<4;j++){
int temp_h =h+moves[j][0];
int temp_w =w+moves[j][1];
if((0<=temp_h&&temp_h<H)&&(0<=temp_w&&temp_w<W)){
if(map[temp_h][temp_w]=='.'){
node t;
t.h = temp_h;
t.w = temp_w;
que.push(t);
}
}
}
}

printf("%d\n",count+1);
}
return 0;

}``````

1，输入要注意，因为每一行都有回车，所以直接以string 的形式读入

2.遍历过后的地方要设置为“#”红色，避免无限遍历。