本文主要讲述如何通过Puppet将软件包进行发布:

1,软件包制作工具--fpm

fpm是个跨平台的打包工具,制作软件包非常简单;

fpm介绍:

项目地址:https://github.com/jordansissel/fpm

环境如下:

[root@zabbix installdir]# ruby --version
ruby 1.9.3p327 (2012-11-10 revision 37606) [x86_64-linux]

安装fpm:

gem install fpm --no-rdoc --no-ri

制作nginx软件包:

# mkdir /tmp/installdir   #创建临时目录
# tar -zxvf nginx-1.2.1.tar.gz
# cd nginx-1.2.1
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module
# cd /tmp/installer
# make
# make install DESTDIR=/tmp/installer
# mkdir -p /tmp/installdir/etc/{sysconfig,rc.d/init.d,nginx/conf.d}  #创建相关目录
# cp ~/nginx /tmp/installdir/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx ##复制nginx的启动脚本放到这个目录
# chmod 755 /tmp/installdir/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx
# cd /tmp/installer
# ls
etc usr               ##可以看到/tmp/installer底下有etc,usr2个目录
# cd ~
# fpm -s dir -t rpm -n nginx -v 1.2.1 -C /tmp/installer etc usr
###在主目录下将可以看到nginx-1.2.1-1.x86_64.rpm  的软件包

主要参数如下:

-t OUTPUT_TYPE                the type of package you want to create (deb, rpm, solaris, etc)
-s INPUT_TYPE                 the package type to use as input (gem, rpm, python, etc)
-n, --name NAME               The name to give to the package
-v, --version VERSION         The version to give to the package (default: 1.0)
-C CHDIR                      Change directory to here before searching for files


2,制作本地源

我采用vsftpd

# mv nginx-1.2.1.x86_64.rpm /var/ftp/pub
# createrepo /var/ftp/pub

puppet yumrepo如下:

yumrepo {"ftp":
                descr   => "ftp.repo",
                baseurl => "ftp://192.168.10.211/pub",
                enabled => "1",
                gpgcheck => "0",
        }

3,软件包的发布

一个完整的puppet nginx模块如下:

class nginx(
   $version="1.2.1-1"
) {
    yumrepo {"ftp":
        descr => "base",
        baseurl => "ftp://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/pub",
        enabled => "1",
        gpgcheck => "0",
    }
                                                                                
    package {"nginx":
        ensure => $version,
        require => Yumrepo["ftp"],
    }
                                                                                
    service {"nginx":
        ensure => running,
        enable => true,
        require => Package["nginx"],
    }
}

使用方法:

modules.pp

import "nginx"

nodes.pp

在特定的节点里

include nginx

然后我们可以在foreman里面看到如下内容:

Level   Resource    message
info    //client.test.com/Puppet    Retrieving plugin
info    //client.test.com/Puppet    Caching catalog for client.test.com
info    //client.test.com/Puppet    Applying configuration version '1368108406'
info    //client.test.com/Puppet    create new repo ftp in file /etc/yum.repos.d/ftp.repo
notice  //client.test.com//Stage[main]//Node[client.test.com]/Yumrepo[ftp]/descr    descr changed '' to 'ftp.repo'
notice  //client.test.com//Stage[main]//Node[client.test.com]/Yumrepo[ftp]/baseurl  baseurl changed '' to 'ftp://192.168.10.211/pub'
notice  //client.test.com//Stage[main]//Node[client.test.com]/Yumrepo[ftp]/enabled  enabled changed '' to '1'
notice  //client.test.com//Stage[main]//Node[client.test.com]/Yumrepo[ftp]/gpgcheck gpgcheck changed '' to '0'
info    //client.test.com/Puppet    changing mode of /etc/yum.repos.d/ftp.repo from 600 to 644

如果我们软件包版本进行更新,要求最新的话则ensure => latest;

大概一个比较简单的流程就结束了

ps:最近想认真学习下nginx,有资源的同学记得分享啊