Tomcat启动和关闭的核心包是%Tomcat Directory%/bin/Bootstrap.jar
启动:创建start-up.bat文件,内容如下:
java -jar Bootstrap.jar start

关闭:创建shup-down.bat文件,内容如下:
java -jar Bootstrap.jar stop

其中Bootstrap.jar中的org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap类的main方法如下:
public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        try
        {
            new ObjectName("test:foo=bar");
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            System.out.println("This release of Apache Tomcat was packaged to run on J2SE 5.0 \nor later. It can be run on earlier JVMs by downloading and \ninstalling a compatibility package from the Apache Tomcat \nbinary download page.");
            try
            {
                Thread.sleep(5000L);
            } catch (Exception ex) {
            }
            return;
        }

        if (daemon == null) {
            daemon = new Bootstrap();
            try {
                daemon.init();
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                t.printStackTrace();
                return;
            }
        }
        try
        {
            String command = "start";//默认参数为启动
            if (args.length > 0) {
                command = args[(args.length - 1)];
            }

            if (command.equals("startd")) {
                args[0] = "start"; //启动的方法
                daemon.load(args);
                daemon.start();
            } else if (command.equals("stopd")) {
                args[0] = "stop"; //关闭的方法
                daemon.stop();
            } else if (command.equals("start")) {
                daemon.setAwait(true); //启动的方法
                daemon.load(args);
                daemon.start();
            } else if (command.equals("stop")) {
                daemon.stopServer(args); //关闭的方法
            } else {
                log.warn("Bootstrap: command \"" + command + "\" does not exist."); //错误命令加入日志
            }
        } catch (Throwable command) {
            t.printStackTrace();
        }
    }