1. 升级前准备工作

升级主机的ESXI系统前一定要先升级好VCSA的版本到最新版本,否则可能会出现VC无法管理最新版本ESXI的问题。

登录官网或者服务器厂家的网站下载到符合服务器标准的最新版本的升级包。

将准备升级的主机上的运行虚拟机等迁移到其他主机运行,并将其转入“维护模式”。

VMWare维护实践:命令行方式升级ESXI6.7到最新版本_linux

2. 升级ESXI到最新官网版本

2.1 上传下载好的ESXI升级包到要升级的主机的数据存储区

操作建议:最好直接打开浏览器,重新直接用要升级主机的IP地址登录到这台主机ESXI界面去上传数据,集群下可能会报上传权限问题。

找到主机存储 --- 数据存储浏览器 --- 点击进入

VMWare维护实践:命令行方式升级ESXI6.7到最新版本_ESXI6.7命令行升级_02

上传升级包

VMWare维护实践:命令行方式升级ESXI6.7到最新版本_linux_03

记录数据存储的位置信息: 如下图选中的部分,需要复制下来后面命令行下使用

VMWare维护实践:命令行方式升级ESXI6.7到最新版本_ESXI6.7命令行升级_04


2.2 开启主机SSH登录并命令行下升级ESXI

2.2.1 开启SSH服务

VMWare维护实践:命令行方式升级ESXI6.7到最新版本_ESXI6.7命令行升级_05


2.2.2 SSH连接到ESXI查看当前ESXI的版本,并升级ESXI

########################################################################################
#### 通过SSH连接到ESXI查看当前ESXI的版本,命令如下:
[root@ESXI248:~]
[root@ESXI248:~] vmware -vl
VMware ESXi 6.7.0 build-14320388
VMware ESXi 6.7.0 Update 3

########################################################################################
#### 查询ESXI6.7的配置文件名称,命令如下(磁盘名称路径和升级包名称根据自己实际情况而定)
## /vmfs/volumes/628718fd-12cca390-6b79-14187750d110 这是上面图形中要求复制的位置信息
## VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.7.0.update03-18828794.x86_64-DellEMC_Customized-A16.zip 是上传的升级包名称

[root@ESXI248:~] esxcli software sources profile list -d /vmfs/volumes/628718fd-12cca390-6b79-14187750d110/VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.7.0.update03-18828794.x86_64-DellEMC_Customized-A16.zip
Name Vendor Acceptance Level Creation Time Modification Time
------------------------------- ------ ---------------- ------------------- -------------------
DellEMC-ESXi-6.7U3-18828794-A16 Dell PartnerSupported 2021-10-26T03:23:17 2022-01-11T12:21:23
[root@ESXI248:~]

########################################################################################
#### 开始正式升级,命令如下
[root@ESXI248:~] esxcli software profile update -d /vmfs/volumes/628718fd-12cca390-6b79-14187750d110/VMware-VMvi
sor-Installer-6.7.0.update03-18828794.x86_64-DellEMC_Customized-A16.zip -p DellEMC-ESXi-6.7U3-18828794-A16
Update Result
Message: The update completed successfully, but the system needs to be rebooted for the changes to be effective.
Reboot Required: true #提示升级成功,需要重新启动
VIBs Installed: BCM_bootbank_bnxtnet_220.0.9.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, BCM_bootbank_bnxtroce_220.0.2.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, BCM_bootbank_lsi-mr3_7.719.02.00-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, BCM_bootbank_lsi-msgpt35_19.00.03.00-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, DEL_bootbank_dell-configuration-vib_6.7-3A01, DEL_bootbank_dellemc-fac-dcui_6.7.3-A00, EMU_bootbank_lpfc_12.8.542.25-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_i40en-ens_1.4.2.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_i40en_1.14.2.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_icen_1.6.2.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_igbn_1.5.2.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_ixgben-ens_1.5.1.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_ixgben_1.10.3.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx4-core_3.17.70.1-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx4-en_3.17.70.1-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx4-rdma_3.17.70.1-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx5-core_4.17.71.1-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx5-rdma_4.17.71.1-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, Marvell_bootbank_qlnativefc_3.1.87.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qcnic_1.0.62.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedentv-ens_3.11.56.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedentv_3.11.56.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedf_2.2.86.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedi_2.19.87.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedrntv_3.11.56.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qfle3_1.1.25.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qfle3f_1.1.26.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qfle3i_1.1.9.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, SFC_bootbank_sfvmk_2.4.0.2000-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_brcmfcoe_11.4.1078.26-14vmw.670.3.159.18828794, VMW_bootbank_net-e1000_8.0.3.1-5vmw.670.3.112.16701467, VMW_bootbank_net-vmxnet3_1.1.3.0-3vmw.670.3.104.16075168, VMW_bootbank_nfnic_4.0.0.44-0vmw.670.3.104.16075168, VMW_bootbank_ntg3_4.1.5.0-0vmw.670.3.116.16713306, VMW_bootbank_nvme_1.2.2.28-5vmw.670.3.159.18828794, VMW_bootbank_vmkusb_0.1-4vmw.670.3.159.18828794, VMW_bootbank_vmw-ahci_2.0.7-2vmw.670.3.143.17700523, VMware_bootbank_cpu-microcode_6.7.0-3.155.18812553, VMware_bootbank_elx-esx-libelxima.so_11.4.1184.2-3.89.15160138, VMware_bootbank_esx-base_6.7.0-3.159.18828794, VMware_bootbank_esx-ui_1.33.7-15803439, VMware_bootbank_esx-update_6.7.0-3.159.18828794, VMware_bootbank_lsu-smartpqi-plugin_1.0.0-4vmw.670.3.159.18828794, VMware_bootbank_native-misc-drivers_6.7.0-3.89.15160138, VMware_bootbank_vsan_6.7.0-3.159.18811818, VMware_bootbank_vsanhealth_6.7.0-3.159.18811819, VMware_locker_tools-light_11.3.5.18557794-18812553
VIBs Removed: BCM_bootbank_bnxtnet_214.0.195.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, BCM_bootbank_bnxtroce_214.0.184.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, DellEMC_bootbank_dell-configuration-vib_6.7-2A00, EMU_bootbank_lpfc_12.0.257.5-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_i40en-ens_1.1.3-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_igbn_1.4.7-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_ixgben-ens_1.1.3-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, INT_bootbank_ixgben_1.7.10-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx5-core_4.17.13.8-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, MEL_bootbank_nmlx5-rdma_4.17.13.8-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qcnic_1.0.22.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedentv_3.9.31.2-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qedf_1.2.61.0-1OEM.600.0.0.2768847, QLC_bootbank_qedrntv_3.9.31.2-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qfle3_1.0.77.2-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qfle3f_1.0.63.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_qfle3i_1.0.20.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, QLC_bootbank_scsi-qedil_1.2.13.1-1OEM.600.0.0.2494585, QLogic_bootbank_qlnativefc_3.1.16.0-1OEM.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_brcmfcoe_11.4.1078.25-14vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_i40en_1.8.1.9-2vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_lsi-mr3_7.708.07.00-3vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_lsi-msgpt35_09.00.00.00-5vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_net-e1000_8.0.3.1-5vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_net-vmxnet3_1.1.3.0-3vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_nfnic_4.0.0.29-0vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_nmlx4-core_3.17.13.1-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_nmlx4-en_3.17.13.1-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_nmlx4-rdma_3.17.13.1-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_ntg3_4.1.3.2-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_nvme_1.2.2.28-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_sfvmk_1.0.0.1003-6vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_vmkusb_0.1-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_vmw-ahci_1.2.8-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_cpu-microcode_6.7.0-3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_elx-esx-libelxima.so_11.4.1184.1-3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_esx-base_6.7.0-3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_esx-ui_1.33.4-14093553, VMware_bootbank_esx-update_6.7.0-3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_lsu-smartpqi-plugin_1.0.0-3vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_native-misc-drivers_6.7.0-3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_vsan_6.7.0-3.73.14263135, VMware_bootbank_vsanhealth_6.7.0-3.73.14263064, VMware_locker_tools-light_10.3.10.12406962-14320388
VIBs Skipped: Avago_bootbank_dell-shared-perc8_06.806.90.00-1OEM.650.0.0.4598673, DellEMC_bootbank_dellemc-osname-idrac_6.7-0A03, VMW_bootbank_ata-libata-92_3.00.9.2-16vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-amd_0.3.10-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-atiixp_0.4.6-4vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-cmd64x_0.2.5-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-hpt3x2n_0.3.4-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-pdc2027x_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-serverworks_0.4.3-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-sil680_0.4.8-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ata-pata-via_0.3.3-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_block-cciss_3.6.14-10vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_char-random_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ehci-ehci-hcd_1.0-4vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_elxiscsi_11.4.1174.0-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_elxnet_11.4.1097.0-5vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_hid-hid_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_iavmd_1.2.0.1011-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ima-qla4xxx_2.02.18-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_ipmi-ipmi-devintf_39.1-5vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_ipmi-ipmi-msghandler_39.1-5vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_ipmi-ipmi-si-drv_39.1-5vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_iser_1.0.0.0-1vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_lpnic_11.4.59.0-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_lsi-msgpt2_20.00.06.00-2vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_lsi-msgpt3_17.00.02.00-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_misc-cnic-register_1.78.75.v60.7-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_misc-drivers_6.7.0-2.48.13006603, VMW_bootbank_mtip32xx-native_3.9.8-1vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_ne1000_0.8.4-2vmw.670.2.48.13006603, VMW_bootbank_nenic_1.0.29.0-1vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_net-bnx2_2.2.4f.v60.10-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-bnx2x_1.78.80.v60.12-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-cdc-ether_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-cnic_1.78.76.v60.13-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-e1000e_3.2.2.1-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-enic_2.1.2.38-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-fcoe_1.0.29.9.3-7vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-forcedeth_0.61-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-igb_5.0.5.1.1-5vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-ixgbe_3.7.13.7.14iov-20vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-libfcoe-92_1.0.24.9.4-8vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-mlx4-core_1.9.7.0-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-mlx4-en_1.9.7.0-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-nx-nic_5.0.621-5vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-tg3_3.131d.v60.4-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_net-usbnet_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_nhpsa_2.0.22-3vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_nvmxnet3-ens_2.0.0.21-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_nvmxnet3_2.0.0.29-1vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_ohci-usb-ohci_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_pvscsi_0.1-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_qflge_1.1.0.11-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-ahci_3.0-26vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-ata-piix_2.12-10vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-sata-nv_3.5-4vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-sata-promise_2.12-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-sata-sil24_1.1-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-sata-sil_2.3-4vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_sata-sata-svw_2.3-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-aacraid_1.1.5.1-9vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-adp94xx_1.0.8.12-6vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-aic79xx_3.1-6vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-bnx2fc_1.78.78.v60.8-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-bnx2i_2.78.76.v60.8-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-fnic_1.5.0.45-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-hpsa_6.0.0.84-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-ips_7.12.05-4vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-iscsi-linux-92_1.0.0.2-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-libfc-92_1.0.40.9.3-5vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-megaraid-mbox_2.20.5.1-6vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-megaraid-sas_6.603.55.00-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-megaraid2_2.00.4-9vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-mpt2sas_19.00.00.00-2vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-mptsas_4.23.01.00-10vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-mptspi_4.23.01.00-10vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_scsi-qla4xxx_5.01.03.2-7vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-iscsi-linux-9-2-1-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-iscsi-linux-9-2-2-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-libata-9-2-1-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-libata-9-2-2-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-libfc-9-2-1-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-libfc-9-2-2-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-libfcoe-9-2-1-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-libfcoe-9-2-2-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-vmklinux-9-2-1-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-vmklinux-9-2-2-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_shim-vmklinux-9-2-3-0_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_smartpqi_1.0.1.553-28vmw.670.3.73.14320388, VMW_bootbank_uhci-usb-uhci_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_usb-storage-usb-storage_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_usbcore-usb_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_vmkata_0.1-1vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_vmkfcoe_1.0.0.1-1vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMW_bootbank_vmkplexer-vmkplexer_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMW_bootbank_xhci-xhci_1.0-3vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMware_bootbank_esx-dvfilter-generic-fastpath_6.7.0-0.0.8169922, VMware_bootbank_esx-xserver_6.7.0-3.73.14320388, VMware_bootbank_lsu-hp-hpsa-plugin_2.0.0-16vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMware_bootbank_lsu-intel-vmd-plugin_1.0.0-2vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMware_bootbank_lsu-lsi-drivers-plugin_1.0.0-1vmw.670.2.48.13006603, VMware_bootbank_lsu-lsi-lsi-mr3-plugin_1.0.0-13vmw.670.1.28.10302608, VMware_bootbank_lsu-lsi-lsi-msgpt3-plugin_1.0.0-9vmw.670.2.48.13006603, VMware_bootbank_lsu-lsi-megaraid-sas-plugin_1.0.0-9vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMware_bootbank_lsu-lsi-mpt2sas-plugin_2.0.0-7vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMware_bootbank_rste_2.0.2.0088-7vmw.670.0.0.8169922, VMware_bootbank_vmware-esx-esxcli-nvme-plugin_1.2.0.36-2vmw.670.3.116.16713306
[root@ESXI248:</sub>]

#### 等待一段时间升级完成后,输入重启的命令重启
[root@ESXI248:~] reboot

#### 重启后进入ESXI的后台便可看到系统已经升级到了最新版本
[root@ESXI248:~] vmware -vl
VMware ESXi 6.7.0 build-18828794
VMware ESXi 6.7.0 Update 3
[root@ESXI248:~]