set -e
command 1
command 2
exit 0


Every script you write should include set -e at the top. This tells bash that it should exit the script if any statement returns a non-true return value. The benefit of using -e is that it prevents errors snowballing into serious issues when they could have been caught earlier. Again, for readability you may want to use set -o errexit.

你写的每个脚本都应该在文件开头加上set -e,这句语句告诉bash如果任何语句的执行结果不是true则应该退出。这样的好处是防止错误像滚雪球般变大导致一个致命的错误,而这些错误本应该在之前就被处理掉。如果要增加可读性,可以使用set -o errexit,它的作用与set -e相同。

Using -e gives you error checking for free. If you forget to check something, bash will do it for you. Unfortunately it means you can't check $? as bash will never get to the checking code if it isn't zero. There are other constructs you could use:



if [ "$?"-ne 0]; then   
   echo "command failed";   
   exit 1;   

could be replaced with


command || { echo "command failed"; exit 1; }

 说明:|| command未执行成功,则执行 { echo "command failed"; exit 1; }




if ! command; then  
    echo "command failed";   
   exit 1;   

What if you have a command that returns non-zero or you are not interested in its return value? You can use command || true, or if you have a longer section of code, you can turn off the error checking, but I recommend you use this sparingly.

如果你有一个命令返回非0或者你对语句执行的结果不关心,那你可以使用command || true,或者你有一段很长的代码,你可以关闭错误检查(不使用set -e),但是我还是建议你保守地使用这个语句。