背景

完成了client-go gin的简单整合九-Create的namespace deployment pod的 创建操作,现在进行一下update修改的操作!

update namespace

以某 ns为例增加一个标签

关于namespace,我们用的最多的标签是name 和labels(恩前面我还做过配额的例子,这里就简单的拿labels为例了)

[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s-demo1]$ kubectl get ns --show-labels
NAME              STATUS   AGE     LABELS
default           Active   53d     kubernetes.io/metadata.name=default
kube-node-lease   Active   53d     kubernetes.io/metadata.name=kube-node-lease
kube-public       Active   53d     kubernetes.io/metadata.name=kube-public
kube-system       Active   53d     kubernetes.io/metadata.name=kube-system
zhangpeng         Active   1s      kubernetes.io/metadata.name=zhangpeng
zhangpeng1        Active   3h21m   kubernetes.io/metadata.name=zhangpeng1

如果去update修改namespace我们常用的应该是修改namespace的labels,以zhangpeng namespace为例,我想增加一个name=abcd的标签
/src/service/Namespace.go

package service

import (
    "context"
    "fmt"
    "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
    . "k8s-demo1/src/lib"
    v1 "k8s.io/api/core/v1"
    metav1 "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/apis/meta/v1"
    "time"
)

type Time struct {
    time.Time `protobuf:"-"`
}
type Namespace struct {
    Name        string            `json:"name"`
    CreateTime  time.Time         `json:"CreateTime"`
    Status      string            `json:"status"`
    Labels      map[string]string `json:"labels"`
    Annotations map[string]string `json:"annotations"`
}

func ListNamespace(g *gin.Context) {
    ns, err := K8sClient.CoreV1().Namespaces().List(context.Background(), metav1.ListOptions{})
    if err != nil {
        g.Error(err)
        return
    }
    ret := make([]*Namespace, 0)
    for _, item := range ns.Items {
        ret = append(ret, &Namespace{
            Name:       item.Name,
            CreateTime: item.CreationTimestamp.Time,
            Status:     string(item.Status.Phase),
            Labels:     item.Labels,
        })

    }
    g.JSON(200, ret)
    return
}
func create(ns Namespace) (*v1.Namespace, error) {
    ctx := context.Background()
    newNamespace, err := K8sClient.CoreV1().Namespaces().Create(ctx, &v1.Namespace{
        ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
            Name:   ns.Name,
            Labels: ns.Labels,
        },
    }, metav1.CreateOptions{})
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    return newNamespace, err
}
func updatenamespace(ns Namespace) (*v1.Namespace, error) {
    ctx := context.Background()
    newNamespace, err := K8sClient.CoreV1().Namespaces().Update(ctx, &v1.Namespace{
        ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
            Name:   ns.Name,
            Labels: ns.Labels,
        },
    }, metav1.UpdateOptions{})
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    return newNamespace, err
}
func CreateNameSpace(g *gin.Context) {
    var nameSpace Namespace
    if err := g.ShouldBind(&nameSpace); err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    namespace, err := create(nameSpace)
    if err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    ns := Namespace{
        Name:        namespace.Name,
        CreateTime:  namespace.CreationTimestamp.Time,
        Status:      string(namespace.Status.Phase),
        Labels:      nil,
        Annotations: nil,
    }
    g.JSON(200, ns)
}
func UpdateNameSpace(g *gin.Context) {
    var nameSpace Namespace
    if err := g.ShouldBind(&nameSpace); err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    namespace, err := updatenamespace(nameSpace)
    if err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    ns := Namespace{
        Name:        namespace.Name,
        CreateTime:  namespace.CreationTimestamp.Time,
        Status:      string(namespace.Status.Phase),
        Labels:      namespace.Labels,
        Annotations: nil,
    }
    g.JSON(200, ns)
}

创建updatenamespace方法 UpdateNameSpace service
main.go创建路由:

package main

import (
    "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
    "k8s-demo1/src/core"
    "k8s-demo1/src/service"
    //  "k8s.io/client-go/informers/core"
)

func main() {
    r := gin.Default()
    r.GET("/", func(context *gin.Context) {
        context.JSON(200, "hello")
    })
    r.GET("/namespaces", service.ListNamespace)
    r.POST("/namespace", service.CreateNameSpace)
    r.POST("/namespace/update", service.UpdateNameSpace)
    r.GET("/deployments", service.ListDeployment)
    r.GET("/service", service.ListService)
    r.GET("pods", service.ListallPod)
    r.POST("/pod", service.CreatePod)
    r.POST("/deployment", service.CreateDep)
    core.InitDeployment()
    r.Run()
}

运行main.go

Postman 测试

post http://127.0.0.1:8080/namespace/update

{"name":"zhangpeng",
"labels":{"name":"abcd"}}

PYp5yp5IRe.png

[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s-demo1]$ kubectl get ns --show-labels

G6MBDIPHp1.png

修改name标签为其他值

post http://127.0.0.1:8080/namespace/update

{"name":"zhangpeng",
"labels":{"name":"abcd123"}}

GGsGsF1zyz.png
其他的可以玩的:扩展一下resourcequotas,可以参照这个的搞一下quota的配置,这里就不先演示了呢!

update pod?

pod是否可以update更新呢?

pod是否可以update更新呢?答案是否定的......
注:pod是一个容器的生命周期,理论上是不可以更新的,而且一般的pod 是基于基于deployment or rs等控制管理pod的,修改则意为着生命周期的结束和新的pod的产生,当然了可以基于openkruise的其他的应用实现pod的原地升级!

依着葫芦画瓢,体验一下错误

[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get pods -n zhangpeng
NAME        READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
zhangpeng   1/1     Running   0          78m
[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s-demo1]$ kubectl get pods -o yaml -n zhangpeng
apiVersion: v1
items:
- apiVersion: v1
  kind: Pod
  metadata:
    creationTimestamp: "2022-06-22T02:31:49Z"
    name: zhangpeng
    namespace: zhangpeng
    resourceVersion: "6076576"
    uid: cee39c9d-fc29-40ee-933e-d9fa76ba20e1
  spec:
    containers:
    - image: nginx
      imagePullPolicy: Always
      name: zhangpeng
      resources: {}
      terminationMessagePath: /dev/termination-log
      terminationMessagePolicy: File
      volumeMounts:
      - mountPath: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount
        name: kube-api-access-f7qvv
        readOnly: true
    dnsPolicy: ClusterFirst
    enableServiceLinks: true
    nodeName: k8s-2
    preemptionPolicy: PreemptLowerPriority
    priority: 0
    restartPolicy: Always
    schedulerName: default-scheduler
    securityContext: {}
    serviceAccount: default
    serviceAccountName: default
    terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 30
    tolerations:
    - effect: NoExecute
      key: node.kubernetes.io/not-ready
      operator: Exists
      tolerationSeconds: 300
    - effect: NoExecute
      key: node.kubernetes.io/unreachable
      operator: Exists
      tolerationSeconds: 300
    volumes:
    - name: kube-api-access-f7qvv
      projected:
        defaultMode: 420
        sources:
        - serviceAccountToken:
            expirationSeconds: 3607
            path: token
        - configMap:
            items:
            - key: ca.crt
              path: ca.crt
            name: kube-root-ca.crt
        - downwardAPI:
            items:
            - fieldRef:
                apiVersion: v1
                fieldPath: metadata.namespace
              path: namespace
  status:
    conditions:
    - lastProbeTime: null
      lastTransitionTime: "2022-06-22T02:31:49Z"
      status: "True"
      type: Initialized
    - lastProbeTime: null
      lastTransitionTime: "2022-06-22T02:32:06Z"
      status: "True"
      type: Ready
    - lastProbeTime: null
      lastTransitionTime: "2022-06-22T02:32:06Z"
      status: "True"
      type: ContainersReady
    - lastProbeTime: null
      lastTransitionTime: "2022-06-22T02:31:49Z"
      status: "True"
      type: PodScheduled
    containerStatuses:
    - containerID: docker://47d2c805f72cd023ff9b33d46f63b1b8e7600f64783685fe4c16d97f4b58b290
      image: nginx:latest
      imageID: docker-pullable://nginx@sha256:0d17b565c37bcbd895e9d92315a05c1c3c9a29f762b011a10c54a66cd53c9b31
      lastState: {}
      name: zhangpeng
      ready: true
      restartCount: 0
      started: true
      state:
        running:
          startedAt: "2022-06-22T02:32:05Z"
    hostIP: 192.168.0.176
    phase: Running
    podIP: 10.244.1.64
    podIPs:
    - ip: 10.244.1.64
    qosClass: BestEffort
    startTime: "2022-06-22T02:31:49Z"
kind: List
metadata:
  resourceVersion: ""

/src/service/Pod.go
注:模仿deployment create写的......反正结果都是失败的,就走一遍流程看一下!后面都是要删掉的......

func (d *Pod) GetImageName() string {
    // 全部为应为字母数字和:
    pods := strings.Index(d.Images, ":")
    if pods > 0 {
        return d.Images[:pods]
    }
    return d.Images
}
func updatepod(pod Pod) (*corev1.Pod, error) {
    newpod, err := K8sClient.CoreV1().Pods(pod.Namespace).Update(context.TODO(), &corev1.Pod{
        ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
            Name:        pod.Name,
            Namespace:   pod.Namespace,
            Labels:      pod.Labels,
            Annotations: pod.Annotations,
        },
        Spec: corev1.PodSpec{
            Containers: []corev1.Container{
                {Name: pod.Name, Image: pod.Images, Ports: pod.GetPorts()},
            },
        },
    }, metav1.UpdateOptions{})
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    return newpod, err
}
func UpdatePod(g *gin.Context) {
    var NewPod Pod
    if err := g.ShouldBind(&NewPod); err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    pod, err := updatepod(NewPod)
    if err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    newpod := Pod{
        Namespace:   pod.Namespace,
        Name:        pod.Name,
        Images:      pod.Spec.Containers[0].Image,
        CreateTime:  pod.CreationTimestamp.Format("2006-01-02 15:04:05"),
        Annotations: pod.ObjectMeta.Annotations,
    }
    g.JSON(200, newpod)
}

main.go增加如下配置:

    r.POST("/pod/update", service.UpdatePod)

运行main.go postman测试:
image.png
恩 大概就是这个样子 就为了演示一下,更深入理解一下pod生命周期,当然了也可以去研究一下那些原地升级的方法openkruise还是很不错的!

update deployment

初始deployment为下

[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get pods -n zhangpeng
NAME                         READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
zhangpeng-5dffd5664f-nvfsm   1/1     Running   0          27s
[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get deployment zhangpeng -n zhangpeng
NAME        READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
zhangpeng   1/1     1            1           40s
[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get deployment zhangpeng -n zhangpeng -o yaml
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  annotations:
    deployment.kubernetes.io/revision: "1"
  creationTimestamp: "2022-06-22T06:44:06Z"
  generation: 1
  name: zhangpeng
  namespace: zhangpeng
  resourceVersion: "6096527"
  uid: d42d5851-2e63-439b-b2a5-976b5fe246bb
spec:
  progressDeadlineSeconds: 600
  replicas: 1
  revisionHistoryLimit: 10
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: zhangpeng
  strategy:
    rollingUpdate:
      maxSurge: 25%
      maxUnavailable: 25%
    type: RollingUpdate
  template:
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: null
      labels:
        app: zhangpeng
      name: zhangpeng
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: nginx
        imagePullPolicy: Always
        name: nginx
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
          name: web
          protocol: TCP
        resources: {}
        terminationMessagePath: /dev/termination-log
        terminationMessagePolicy: File
      dnsPolicy: ClusterFirst
      restartPolicy: Always
      schedulerName: default-scheduler
      securityContext: {}
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 30
status:
  availableReplicas: 1
  conditions:
  - lastTransitionTime: "2022-06-22T06:44:24Z"
    lastUpdateTime: "2022-06-22T06:44:24Z"
    message: Deployment has minimum availability.
    reason: MinimumReplicasAvailable
    status: "True"
    type: Available
  - lastTransitionTime: "2022-06-22T06:44:06Z"
    lastUpdateTime: "2022-06-22T06:44:24Z"
    message: ReplicaSet "zhangpeng-5dffd5664f" has successfully progressed.
    reason: NewReplicaSetAvailable
    status: "True"
    type: Progressing
  observedGeneration: 1
  readyReplicas: 1
  replicas: 1
  updatedReplicas: 1

关键词就是:

{"name":"zhangpeng",
"namespace":"zhangpeng",
"replicas":1,
"ports":"tcp,80,web",
"images":"nginx"}

编写程序文件

/src/service/Deployment.go

func Updatedep(dep Deployment) (*v1.Deployment, error) {
    deployment := &v1.Deployment{
        ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
            Name:      dep.Name,
            Namespace: dep.Namespace,
            Labels:    dep.GetLabels(),
        },
        Spec: v1.DeploymentSpec{
            Replicas: &dep.Replicas,
            Selector: &metav1.LabelSelector{
                MatchLabels: dep.GetSelectors(),
            },
            Template: corev1.PodTemplateSpec{
                ObjectMeta: metav1.ObjectMeta{
                    Name:   dep.Name,
                    Labels: dep.GetSelectors(),
                },
                Spec: corev1.PodSpec{
                    Containers: []corev1.Container{
                        {
                            Name:  dep.GetImageName(),
                            Image: dep.Images,
                            Ports: dep.GetPorts(),
                        },
                    },
                },
            },
        },
    }
    ctx := context.Background()
    newdep, err := lib.K8sClient.AppsV1().Deployments(dep.Namespace).Update(ctx, deployment, metav1.UpdateOptions{})
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    return newdep, nil
}
func UpdateDep(g *gin.Context) {
    var newDep Deployment
    if err := g.ShouldBind(&newDep); err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    newdep, err := Updatedep(newDep)
    if err != nil {
        g.JSON(500, err)
    }
    newDep1 := Deployment{
        Namespace:  newdep.Namespace,
        Name:       newdep.Name,
        Pods:       GetPodsByDep(*newdep),
        CreateTime: newdep.CreationTimestamp.Format("2006-01-02 15:03:04"),
    }
    g.JSON(200, newDep1)
}

注意:基本就是拿前面的deployment create的方法改的......

增加路由运行main.go

main.go增加路由并运行main.go

    r.POST("/deployment/update", service.UpdateDep)

image.png

Postman测试

修改副本为2

http://127.0.0.1:8080/deployment/update

{"name":"zhangpeng",
"namespace":"zhangpeng",
"replicas":2,
"ports":"tcp,80,web",
"images":"nginx"}

image.png

修改镜像tag

开始想的是修改nginx为nginx:1.18结果失败了......
image.png
估计是images数据格式的问题,先忽略吧......退而求其次修改镜像为apache镜像(注意镜像是httpd)
http://127.0.0.1:8080/deployment/update

{"name":"zhangpeng",
"namespace":"zhangpeng",
"replicas":2,
"ports":"tcp,80,web",
"images":"httpd"}

image.png

登陆服务器验证:

zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get pods -n zhangpeng
NAME                         READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
zhangpeng-5546976d9-mkslb    1/1     Running             0          73s
zhangpeng-5546976d9-tcsb5    0/1     ContainerCreating   0          14s
zhangpeng-5dffd5664f-nvfsm   1/1     Running             0          18m
[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get pods -n zhangpeng
NAME                        READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
zhangpeng-5546976d9-mkslb   1/1     Running   0          100s
zhangpeng-5546976d9-tcsb5   1/1     Running   0          41s
[zhangpeng@zhangpeng k8s]$ kubectl get deployment -n zhangpeng -o yaml |grep image
        - image: httpd
          imagePullPolicy: Always

总结:

1.Pod生命周期
2.update与create比就修改了update metav1.UpdateOptions{}
3.镜像的tag标签的问题后面看一下怎么解决