看到论坛里面不断有人提问关于读取excel和导入excel的相关问题。闲暇时间将我所知道的对excel的操作加以总结,现在共享大家,希望给大家能够给大家带了一定的帮助。
另外我们还要注意一些简单的问题1.excel文件只能存储65535行数据,如果你的数据大于65535行,那么就需要将excel分割存放了。2.关于乱码,这主要是字符设置问题。
1.加载Excel(读取excel内容)返回值是一个DataSet
        //加载Excel
        public static DataSet LoadDataFromExcel(string filePath)
        {
            try
            {
                string strConn;
                strConn = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + filePath + ";Extended Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=False;IMEX=1'";
                OleDbConnection OleConn = new OleDbConnection(strConn);
                OleConn.Open();
                String sql = "SELECT * FROM  [Sheet1$]";//可是更改Sheet名称,比如sheet2,等等
                OleDbDataAdapter OleDaExcel = new OleDbDataAdapter(sql, OleConn);
                DataSet OleDsExcle = new DataSet();
                OleDaExcel.Fill(OleDsExcle, "Sheet1");
                OleConn.Close();
                return OleDsExcle;
            }
            catch (Exception err)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("数据绑定Excel失败!失败原因:" + err.Message, "提示信息",
                    MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                return null;
            }
        }
2.写入Excel内容,参数:excelTable是要导入excel的一个table表 
        public static bool SaveDataTableToExcel(System.Data.DataTable excelTable, string filePath)
  {
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application app =
                new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.ApplicationClass();
            try
            {
                app.Visible = false;
                Workbook wBook = app.Workbooks.Add(true);
                Worksheet wSheet = wBook.Worksheets[1] as Worksheet;
                if (excelTable.Rows.Count > 0)
                {
                    int row = 0;
                    row = excelTable.Rows.Count;
                    int col = excelTable.Columns.Count;
                    for (int i = 0; i < row; i++)
                    {
                        for (int j = 0; j < col; j++)
                        {
                            string str = excelTable.Rows[i][j].ToString();
                            wSheet.Cells[i + 2, j + 1] = str;
                        }
                    }
                }
                int size = excelTable.Columns.Count;
                for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
                {
                    wSheet.Cells[1, 1 + i] = excelTable.Columns[i].ColumnName;
                }
                //设置禁止弹出保存和覆盖的询问提示框
                app.DisplayAlerts = false;
                app.AlertBeforeOverwriting = false;
                //保存工作簿
                wBook.Save();
                //保存excel文件
                app.Save(filePath);
                app.SaveWorkspace(filePath);
                app.Quit();
                app = null;
                return true;
            }
            catch (Exception err)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("导出Excel出错!错误原因:" + err.Message, "提示信息",
                    MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                return false;
            }
            finally
            {
            }