linux系统下php oracle扩展OCI8的安装与配置

实现PHP程序访问oracle DB
时间:2014.09.02
写作者:刘群英(qunyingliu)

  • 环境描述:apache版本,PHP版本,oracle DB版本,linux发行版本

  • RPM包安装oracle-instantclient客户端

  • 源码编译安装oci8扩展

  • 系统环境与php配置修改:ld.so.conf.d目录配置文件与php.ini中扩展字段信息修改

  • 重启apache使修改生效

  • 测试链接代码,确认配置成功


  1. 环境描述

  • 本地系统:centos linux 6.4 x64

  • apache 2.2.22:/usr/local/apache2

  • PHP 5.4 : /usr/local/php

  • oracle DB 11.2.0.4

RPM包安装本地oracle client:

从[oracle Instant Client 官网 下载以下RPM包:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/cn/topics/linuxx86-64soft-092277.html

oracle-instantclient11.2-basic-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm 

oracle-instantclient11.2-devel-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm

oracle-instantclient11.2-sqlplus-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm 

使用以下命令进行安装:

rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-basic-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm 

rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-devel-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh oracle-instantclient11.2-sqlplus-11.2.0.4.0-1.x86_64.rpm


源码编译安装oci8扩展下载:

wget http://pecl.php.net/get/oci8-1.4.10.tgz

解压:tar -zxvf oci8-1.4.10.tgz

安装:

cd oci8-1.4.10/usr/local/php/bin/phpize CFLAGS="-I/usr/lib/oracle/11.2.0.4.0/client64/" CXXFLAGS="-I/usr/lib/oracle/11.2.0.4.0/client64/"

./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-oci8=instantclient,/usr/lib/oracle/11.2.0.4.0/client64/lib/

make

make instal

lphp路径和oracle client的路径需根据实际情况进行修改。


如果系统中存在pecl程序,可通过以下命令来安装oci8扩展:

pecl install oci8


系统环境与php配置修改修改系统配置:

echo    "/usr/lib/oracle/11.2.0.4.0/client64//lib/"

>/etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle_client.conf/sbin/ldconfig


修改php.ini配置文件:

extension_dir = "/usr/local/php5/lib/ext"

extension = "oci8.so"

oci8.privileged_connect = on


重启apache使修改生效


/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl restart


测试链接代码,确认配置成功

<?php

$conn = oci_connect('qunyingliu', 'testqunyingliu', 'oracle.test.localhost/orcl');
//需要根据实际配置信息进行修改

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'select table_name from user_tables');
//数据库操作语句可根据实际需求进行修改
oci_execute($stid);

echo "<table>\n";
while (($row = oci_fetch_array($stid, OCI_ASSOC+OCI_RETURN_NULLS)) != false) {
echo "

\n";
foreach ($row as $item) {
echo "<td>".($item !== null ? htmlentities($item, ENT_QUOTES) : " ")."\n";
}
echo "\n";
}
echo "</table>\n";

?>

相关参考:
http://php.net/manual/zh/function.oci-connect.php
http://php.net/manual/zh/book.oci8.php
http://pecl.php.net/get/oci8-1.4.10.tgz
http://pecl.php.net/package-changelog.php?package=oci8
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/cn/topics/linuxx86-64soft-092277.html