一、简介

heapster已经被metrics-server取代,如果使用kubernetes的自动扩容功能的话,那首先得有一个插件,然后该插件将收集到的信息(cpu、memory…)与自动扩容的设置的值进行比对,自动调整pod数量。关于该插件,在kubernetes的早些版本中采用的是heapster,1.13版本正式发布后,丢弃了heapster,官方推荐采用metrics-sever。

二、相关的安装脚本

[root@k8s-master top]# cat top.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-admin: "true"
rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true"
name: system:aggregated-metrics-reader
rules:
- apiGroups:
- metrics.k8s.io
resources:
- pods
- nodes
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: system:metrics-server
rules:
- apiGroups:
- ""
resources:
- pods
- nodes
- nodes/stats
- namespaces
- configmaps
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: metrics-server-auth-reader
namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: Role
name: extension-apiserver-authentication-reader
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: metrics-server:system:auth-delegator
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: ClusterRole
name: system:auth-delegator
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: system:metrics-server
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: ClusterRole
name: system:metrics-server
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
spec:
ports:
- name: https
port: 443
protocol: TCP
targetPort: https
selector:
k8s-app: metrics-server
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
spec:
selector:
matchLabels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
strategy:
rollingUpdate:
maxUnavailable: 0
template:
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
spec:
containers:
- args: # 添加以下内容
- --cert-dir=/tmp
- --secure-port=4443
- --metric-resolution=30s
- --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP
- --kubelet-use-node-status-port
- --kubelet-insecure-tls
image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/metrics-server:v0.4.1 #修改镜像下载地址
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
livenessProbe:
failureThreshold: 3
httpGet:
path: /livez
port: https
scheme: HTTPS
periodSeconds: 10
name: metrics-server
ports:
- containerPort: 4443
name: https
protocol: TCP
readinessProbe:
failureThreshold: 3
httpGet:
path: /readyz
port: https
scheme: HTTPS
periodSeconds: 10
securityContext:
readOnlyRootFilesystem: true
runAsNonRoot: true
runAsUser: 1000
volumeMounts:
- mountPath: /tmp
name: tmp-dir
nodeSelector:
kubernetes.io/os: linux
priorityClassName: system-cluster-critical
serviceAccountName: metrics-server
volumes:
- emptyDir: {}
name: tmp-dir
---
apiVersion: apiregistration.k8s.io/v1
kind: APIService
metadata:
labels:
k8s-app: metrics-server
name: v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io
spec:
group: metrics.k8s.io
groupPriorityMinimum: 100
insecureSkipTLSVerify: true
service:
name: metrics-server
namespace: kube-system
version: v1beta1
versionPriority: 100

三、创建和查看

[root@k8s-master top]# kubectl apply -f top.yaml 
serviceaccount/metrics-server unchanged
Warning: resource clusterroles/system:aggregated-metrics-reader is missing the kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration annotation which is required by kubectl apply. kubectl apply should only be used on resources created declaratively by either kubectl create --save-config or kubectl apply. The missing annotation will be patched automatically.
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:aggregated-metrics-reader configured
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:metrics-server unchanged
rolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/metrics-server-auth-reader unchanged
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/metrics-server:system:auth-delegator unchanged
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/system:metrics-server unchanged
service/metrics-server unchanged
deployment.apps/metrics-server configured
Warning: resource apiservices/v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io is missing the kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration annotation which is required by kubectl apply. kubectl apply should only be used on resources created declaratively by either kubectl create --save-config or kubectl apply. The missing annotation will be patched automatically.
apiservice.apiregistration.k8s.io/v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io configured
[root@k8s-master top]# kubectl top node
W0516 14:14:45.049647 10592 top_node.go:119] Using json format to get metrics. Next release will switch to protocol-buffers, switch early by passing --use-protocol-buffers flag
NAME CPU(cores) CPU% MEMORY(bytes) MEMORY%
k8s-node1 222m 5% 1929Mi 24%
k8s-node2 456m 11% 3939Mi 50%
k8s-node6 280m 7% 3618Mi 46%
node 527m 13% 5451Mi 69%