(一)、概述
Harbor是开源registry仓库,相比docker官方拥有更丰富的权限权利和完善的架构设计,适用大规模docker集群部署提供仓库服务。 下载地址:https://github.com/goharbor/harbor/releases

(二)、安装和配置。由于harbor包括docker,docker-composere和client只需安装docker即可
1、Dcker安装

[root@localhost ~]#sudo yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
[root@localhost ~]# sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
[root@localhost ~]#yum -y install docker-ce
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable docker
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start docker
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status docker

2、Docker Composere安装。直接yum安装

[root@localhost ~]#yum install epel-release
[root@localhost ~]#yum -y install docker-compose

3、下载Harbor最新版本的离线安装包并解压出来。https://github.com/goharbor/harbor/releases

[root@otrs004097 ~]# wget https://storage.googleapis.com/harbor-releases/release-1.8.0/harbor-offline-installer-v1.8.2.tgz
[root@otrs004097 opt]# tar xf harbor-offline-installer-v1.8.2.tgz 
[root@otrs004097 opt]# cd harbor/
[root@otrs004097 harbor]# ls
harbor.v1.8.2.tar.gz  harbor.yml  install.sh  LICENSE  prepare

Docker(四)私有仓库Harbor安装和配置

4、修改harbor.yml文件。修改下hostname为本机的ip,harbor_admin_password web页面的密码。配置下https

[root@otrs004097 harbor]# grep "^[^#]" harbor.yml 
hostname: 192.168.4.97
http:
  # port for http, default is 80. If https enabled, this port will redirect to https port
  port: 80
https:
   port: 443
   certificate: /opt/dcerts/kjdow.crt
   private_key: /opt/dcerts/kjdow.key
harbor_admin_password: Harbor12345
database:
  # The password for the root user of Harbor DB. Change this before any production use.
  password: root123
data_volume: /data
clair: 
  # The interval of clair updaters, the unit is hour, set to 0 to disable the updaters.
  updaters_interval: 12
  # Config http proxy for Clair, e.g. http://my.proxy.com:3128
  # Clair doesn't need to connect to harbor internal components via http proxy.
  http_proxy:
  https_proxy:
  no_proxy: 127.0.0.1,localhost,core,registry
jobservice:
  # Maximum number of job workers in job service  
  max_job_workers: 4
chart:
  # Change the value of absolute_url to enabled can enable absolute url in chart
  absolute_url: disabled
log:
  # options are debug, info, warning, error, fatal
  level: info
  # Log files are rotated log_rotate_count times before being removed. If count is 0, old versions are removed rather than rotated.
  rotate_count: 50
  # Log files are rotated only if they grow bigger than log_rotate_size bytes. If size is followed by k, the size is assumed to be in kilobytes. 
  # If the M is used, the size is in megabytes, and if G is used, the size is in gigabytes. So size 100, size 100k, size 100M and size 100G 
  # are all valid.
  rotate_size: 200M
  # The directory on your host that store log
  location: /var/log/harbor
_version: 1.8.0

5、运行安装脚本。出现下边即为安装成功。

[root@otrs004097 harbor]# sh install.sh 
✔ ----Harbor has been installed and started successfully.----

Now you should be able to visit the admin portal at https://192.168.4.97. 
For more details, please visit https://github.com/goharbor/harbor .

6、使用刚才的账号进行登录
Docker(四)私有仓库Harbor安装和配置

7、如果想要停止,或者是服务器重启了,需要手动重启,在harbor的安装目录,里执行命令

[root@otrs004097 harbor]# ll
total 564660
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root        20 Aug 20 14:42 common
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      5387 Aug 21 12:00 docker-compose.yml
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 578167000 Aug  8 15:51 harbor.v1.8.2.tar.gz
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      4507 Aug 20 14:39 harbor.yml
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root      5088 Aug  8 15:51 install.sh
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     11347 Aug  8 15:51 LICENSE
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root      1654 Aug  8 15:51 prepare
[root@otrs004097 harbor]# docker-compose stop
Stopping nginx             ... done
Stopping harbor-portal     ... done
Stopping harbor-jobservice ... done
Stopping harbor-core       ... done
Stopping registry          ... done
Stopping redis             ... done
Stopping harbor-db         ... done
Stopping registryctl       ... done
Stopping harbor-log        ... done
[root@otrs004097 harbor]# docker-compose start
Starting log         ... done
Starting registry    ... done
Starting registryctl ... done
Starting postgresql  ... done
Starting core        ... done
Starting portal      ... done
Starting redis       ... done
Starting jobservice  ... done
Starting proxy       ... done
[root@otrs004097 harbor]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                             PORTS                                      NAMES
2705ee8ed36c        goharbor/nginx-photon:v1.8.2                        "nginx -g 'daemon of…"   3 hours ago         Up 24 seconds (health: starting)   0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, 0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp   nginx
6972e89dab43        goharbor/harbor-portal:v1.8.2                       "nginx -g 'daemon of…"   3 hours ago         Up 24 seconds (health: starting)   80/tcp                                     harbor-portal
406675543ea6        goharbor/harbor-jobservice:v1.8.2                   "/harbor/start.sh"       3 hours ago         Up 24 seconds                                                                 harbor-jobservice
1ca5a5d63008        goharbor/harbor-core:v1.8.2                         "/harbor/start.sh"       3 hours ago         Up 25 seconds (health: starting)                                              harbor-core
9edbf02eaef2        goharbor/registry-photon:v2.7.1-patch-2819-v1.8.2   "/entrypoint.sh /etc…"   3 hours ago         Up 26 seconds (health: starting)   5000/tcp                                   registry
1456773e7464        goharbor/redis-photon:v1.8.2                        "docker-entrypoint.s…"   3 hours ago         Up 26 seconds                      6379/tcp                                   redis
c8616d9d70bf        goharbor/harbor-db:v1.8.2                           "/entrypoint.sh post…"   3 hours ago         Up 26 seconds (health: starting)   5432/tcp                                   harbor-db
6c06883e32b7        goharbor/harbor-registryctl:v1.8.2                  "/harbor/start.sh"       3 hours ago         Up 26 seconds (health: starting)                                              registryctl
cb0c83c37ec1        goharbor/harbor-log:v1.8.2                          "/bin/sh -c /usr/loc…"   3 hours ago         Up 27 seconds (health: starting)   127.0.0.1:1514->10514/tcp                  harbor-log
d24e185404a8        lqb1:v1.0                                           "/bin/bash"              5 days ago          Up 43 hours                                                                   lqb1

8、解决登录报错

[root@DEV004019 ~]# docker login 192.168.4.97
Username: admin
Password: 
Error response from daemon: Get https://192.168.4.97/v2/: x509: cannot validate certificate for 192.168.4.97 because it doesn't contain any IP SANs
解决方法:
8.1、在安装harbor那台服务器的安装目录,在registry模块上添加ports: - 5000:5000
  registry:
    image: goharbor/registry-photon:v2.7.1-patch-2819-v1.8.2
    container_name: registry
    restart: always
    cap_drop:
      - ALL
    cap_add:
      - CHOWN
      - SETGID
      - SETUID
    volumes:
      - /data/registry:/storage:z
      - ./common/config/registry/:/etc/registry/:z
      - type: bind
        source: /data/secret/registry/root.crt
        target: /etc/registry/root.crt
    networks:
      - harbor
    ports:
      - 5000:5000
   dns_search: .
    depends_on:
      - log
    logging:
      driver: "syslog"
      options:
        syslog-address: "tcp://127.0.0.1:1514"
        tag: "registry"
8.2、同时在harbor和client的docker配置添加 insecure-registries: harbor_IP
[root@DEV004019 ~]# vim /etc/docker/daemon.json 
{
  "registry-mirrors": ["http://hub-mirror.c.163.com"],
  "insecure-registries": ["192.168.4.97:80"]
8.3、重启harbor 的 docker-compose  
[root@otrs004097 harbor]# docker-compose start
Starting log         ... done
Starting registry    ... done
Starting registryctl ... done
Starting postgresql  ... done
Starting core        ... done
Starting portal      ... done
Starting redis       ... done
Starting jobservice  ... done
Starting proxy       ... done
[root@otrs004097 harbor]# docker-compose ps 
      Name                     Command               State                    Ports                  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
harbor-core         /harbor/start.sh                 Up                                              
harbor-db           /entrypoint.sh postgres          Up      5432/tcp                                
harbor-jobservice   /harbor/start.sh                 Up                                              
harbor-log          /bin/sh -c /usr/local/bin/ ...   Up      127.0.0.1:1514->10514/tcp               
harbor-portal       nginx -g daemon off;             Up      80/tcp                                  
nginx               nginx -g daemon off;             Up      0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp
redis               docker-entrypoint.sh redis ...   Up      6379/tcp                                
registry            /entrypoint.sh /etc/regist ...   Up      5000/tcp                                
registryctl         /harbor/start.sh                 Up         

8.4、client端登录私有仓库
[root@DEV004019 ~]# docker login 192.168.4.97
Username: admin
Password: 
WARNING! Your password will be stored unencrypted in /root/.docker/config.json.
Configure a credential helper to remove this warning. See
https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/commandline/login/#credentials-store

Login Succeeded

9、通过push上传镜像

[root@DEV004019 ~]# docker tag nginx:latest 192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0:v1.0
[root@DEV004019 ~]# docker push 192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0:v1.0 
The push refers to repository [192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0]
12fdf55172df: Pushed 
002a63507c1c: Pushed 
1c95c77433e8: Pushed 
v1.0: digest: sha256:099019968725f0fc12c4b69b289a347ae74cc56da0f0ef56e8eb8e0134fc7911 size: 948

10、pull命令

[root@DEV004019 ~]# docker pull 192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0:v1.0
v1.0: Pulling from lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0
Digest: sha256:099019968725f0fc12c4b69b289a347ae74cc56da0f0ef56e8eb8e0134fc7911
Status: Downloaded newer image for 192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0:v1.0
192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0:v1.0
[root@DEV004019 ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY                                                                    TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
lqb1                                                                          v1.0                add4aac9e719        5 days ago          369MB
192.168.4.97/lqb/mysq-nginx-v1.0                                              v1.0                5a3221f0137b        5 days ago          126MB

Docker(四)私有仓库Harbor安装和配置

相关的推送和tag的命令可在harbor查找
Docker(四)私有仓库Harbor安装和配置