课文

新概念3册L9笔记(Flying cats)_新概念3

课文理解

1)Cats never fail to fascinate human beings.

  • never fail to do 永远不要忘记做某事(含义偏好)
  • 双重否定>=肯定
  • (NCE3-9 P46-L11) …, because there is no shortage of tall buildings.
  • (NCE3-41 P192-L26) Nor is the city without its moments of beauty.
  • (NCE3-43 P200-L7) It is not uncommon to hear that a shipping company has made

2)They can be friendly and affectionate towards humans, but they lead mysterious lives of their own as well.

  • be friendly to / toward(s) …
  • be affectionate toward(s) …

3)They never become submissive like dogs and horses.

4)As a result, humans have learned to respect feline independence.

5)Most cats remain suspicious of humans all their lives.

  • be suspicious of 对…产生怀疑
  • very的高级替换词有quite、extraordinary、unusual、special、extremely以及highly等
  • all one’s life = throughout one’s life 一辈子
  • for life = for the rest of one’s life 余生

6)One of the things that fascinates us most about cats is the popular belief that they have nine lives.

  • 语法:第一个that关系代词代指物,修饰先行词one,因为如果是things的话fascinates要去掉复数
  • 语法:第二个that引导同位语从句
  • 同位语与定从的区别
  1. 同位语从句说明名词的具体内容,定从没有
  2. 同位语从句说明的是抽象名词,定从可以是抽象、具体的名词
  3. 同位语从句的连词只有that,定从有很多关系代词和关系副词做连词

7)Apparently, there is a good deal of truth in this idea.

  • there is a good deal of truth in … 译为这事情有道理

8)A cat's ability to survive falls is based on fact

  • … is based / founded on fact.
  • rests on fact.
  • is supported by fact

9)Recently the New York Animal Medical Centre made a study of 132 cats over a period of five months

  • over a period of five months 历时5个月

10)All these cats had one experience in common: they had fallen off high buildings, yet only eight of them died from shock or injuries.

  • 前面为句子主干部分,:后面为同位语从句
  • yet类似but起转折作用
  • have sth. in common 有什么共同之处 = share sth.
  • died from强调外因,died from 强调内因

11)Of course, New York is the ideal place for such an interesting study, because there is no shortage of tall buildings

  • no shortage双重否定>肯定句,
  • 无论shortage of后的名词为单数还是复数,be动词固定用is

12)There are plenty of high-rise windowsills to fall from! One cat, Sabrina, fell 32 storeys, yet only suffered from a broken tooth.

  • Sabrina非限定同位语,起补充说明作用

13)'Cats behave like well-trained paratroopers.' a doctor said. It seems that the further cats fall, the less they are likely to injure themselves.

  • 前面seems看作系动词,因此that引导表语从句
  • 绿色部分后半段的翻译提前,译为他们伤害自己的可能性就越小

14)In a long drop, they reach speeds of 60 miles an hour and more.

  • speed 做不可数名词时,与 at, with 搭配均可。
  • speed 做可数名词时,只能与 at 搭配。

15)At high speeds, falling cats have time to relax. They stretch out their legs like flying squirrels