Oracle 12cR1 RAC 在VMware Workstation上安装(下)—静默安装

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1.1  静默安装

1.1.1  静默安装grid

安装之前使用脚本进行校验,确保所有的failed选项都可以忽略。

./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n raclhr-12cR1-N1,raclhr-12cR1-N2 -fixup -verbose

 

1.1.1.1  新建/etc/oraInst.loc文件

2个节点上新建/etc/oraInst.loc文件中的内容如下:

inventory_loc=/u01/app/oraInventory

inst_group=oinstall

输入下面的命令在oraInst.loc文件上设置合适的拥有者,组和权限:

chown oracle:oinstall /etc/oraInst.loc

chmod 664 /etc/oraInst.loc

 

1.1.1.2  检查项

1、/u01/app/oraInventory必须为空

ls -l /u01/app/oraInventory/*

rm -rf /u01/app/oraInventory/*

否则报错:

[FATAL] [INS-32035] Unable to create a new central inventory directory : /u01/app/oraInventory.

   CAUSE: The central inventory location provided is not empty.

   ACTION: Please provide another location for the inventory, or clean up the current location.

 

2、INS-32040

[FATAL] [INS-32040] The central inventory location provided is not empty on remote nodes [raclhr-12cr1-n1].

   ACTION: Please provide another location for the inventory, or clean up the current location.

 

解决办法:

新建/etc/oraInst.loc文件中的内容如下:

inventory_loc=/u01/app/oraInventory

inst_group=oinstall

输入下面的命令在oraInst.loc文件上设置合适的拥有者,组和权限:

chown oracle:oinstall /etc/oraInst.loc

chmod 664 /etc/oraInst.loc

1.1.1.3  开始安装

wpsBEAA.tmp

静默脚本:

./runInstaller -silent  -force -noconfig -IgnoreSysPreReqs -ignorePrereq  -showProgress \

INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \

SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en \

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid \

ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/12.1.0/grid \

oracle.install.asm.OSDBA=asmdba \

oracle.install.asm.OSOPER=asmoper \

oracle.install.asm.OSASM=asmadmin \

oracle.install.crs.config.storageOption=ASM_STORAGE \

oracle.install.crs.config.sharedFileSystemStorage.votingDiskRedundancy=EXTERNAL \

oracle.install.crs.config.sharedFileSystemStorage.ocrRedundancy=EXTERNAL \

oracle.install.crs.config.useIPMI=false \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.name=OCR \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.redundancy=EXTERNAL \

oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES \

oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanPort=1521 \

oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.configureGNS=false \

oracle.install.crs.config.autoConfigureClusterNodeVIP=false \

oracle.install.option=CRS_CONFIG \

oracle.install.crs.config.ClusterType=STANDARD \

oracle.install.asm.SYSASMPassword=lhr \

oracle.install.asm.monitorPassword=lhr \

oracle.install.config.managementOption=NONE \

oracle.install.crs.config.ignoreDownNodes=false \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.diskDiscoveryString=/dev/asm-disk* \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disks=/dev/asm-diskc \

oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanName=raclhr-12cR1-scan \

oracle.install.crs.config.clusterName=raclhr-cluster \

oracle.install.crs.config.clusterNodes=raclhr-12cr1-n1:raclhr-12cr1-n1-vip,raclhr-12cr1-n2:raclhr-12cr1-n2-vip \

oracle.install.crs.config.networkInterfaceList=eth0:192.168.59.0:1,eth1:192.168.2.0:2 \

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=raclhr-12cR1-N1

 

 

 

命令行模式执行静默安装,注意复制脚本的时候最后不能多加回车符号,当前窗口不要执行其他内容。\”后不能有空格。开始执行有点慢,需要修改的地方我已经用×××背景标注了。若有其他错误可以采用-debug模式获取更多信息。

二、 configToolAllCommands脚本

关于该部分可参考:http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-2129161/。该脚本执行完毕会创建一个sid为-MGMTDBgdbName_mgmtdb的单实例容器数据库(从日志可以找到相关命令:/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/bin/dbca  -silent -createDatabase -createAsContainerDatabase true -templateName MGMTSeed_Database.dbc -sid -MGMTDB -gdbName _mgmtdb -storageType ASM -diskGroupName OCR -datafileJarLocation /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/assistants/dbca/templates -characterset AL32UTF8 -autoGeneratePasswords -skipUserTemplateCheck   -oui_internal)该数据库属于grid用户。

/u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/configToolAllCommands RESPONSE_FILE=/home/grid/cfgrsp.properties

 

根据官方文档内容,安装GRID可以配置如下的信息:

oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMPASSWORD=password

oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMMONITORPASSWORD=password

oracle.crs|S_BMCPASSWORD=password

 

grid用户在节点1上执行(准确来说应该在执行静默安装的节点上执行,且节点2上不需要执行):

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ more  /home/grid/cfgrsp.properties

oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMPASSWORD=lhr

oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMMONITORPASSWORD=lhr

oracle.crs|S_BMCPASSWORD=lhr

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/configToolAllCommands RESPONSE_FILE=/home/grid/cfgrsp.properties

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 admin]$ /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/configToolAllCommands RESPONSE_FILE=/home/grid/cfgrsp.properties

Setting the invPtrLoc to /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/oraInst.loc

 

perform - mode is starting for action: configure

 


perform - mode finished for action: configure

 

You can see the log file: /u01/app/12.1.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/oui/configActions2017-01-17_05-29-38-PM.log

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 admin]$

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 admin]$

 

 


1.1.2  静默安装database

首先通过如下的命令进行检查环境配置:

/soft/grid/runcluvfy.sh stage -pre dbinst -n  raclhr-12cR1-N1,raclhr-12cR1-N2 -verbose -fixup

 

1.1.2.1  静默安装DB软件

./runInstaller -silent  -force -noconfig -IgnoreSysPreReqs -ignorePrereq  -showProgress \

oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY \

DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true \

UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall \

INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \

SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en \

oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE \

oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=false \

oracle.install.db.EEOptionsSelection=false \

oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba \

oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=asmoper \

oracle.install.db.isRACOneInstall=false \

oracle.install.db.BACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba \

oracle.install.db.DGDBA_GROUP=dba \

oracle.install.db.KMDBA_GROUP=dba \

oracle.install.db.rac.serverpoolCardinality=0 \

oracle.install.db.ConfigureAsContainerDB=false \

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryOption=false \

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.installExampleSchemas=true \

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.managementOption=DEFAULT \

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.enableRecovery=false \

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE \

SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false \

oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES \

ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1 \

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle \

oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=raclhr-12cr1-n1,raclhr-12cr1-n2 \

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=raclhr-12cR1-N1

命令行模式执行静默安装,注意复制脚本的时候最后不能多加回车符号,当前窗口不要执行其他内容。\”后不能有空格。开始执行有点慢,需要修改的地方我已经用×××背景标注了。若有其他错误可以采用-debug模式获取更多信息。

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ cd /soft/database/

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$ ll

total 72

drwxr-xr-x  4 root root  4096 Jan 16 17:04 install

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 34132 Jul 11  2014 readme.html

drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 response

drwxr-xr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 rpm

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root  8533 Jul  7  2014 runInstaller

drwxrwxr-x  2 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 sshsetup

drwxr-xr-x 14 root root  4096 Jul  7  2014 stage

-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root   500 Feb  7  2013 welcome.html

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$ ./runInstaller -silent  -force -noconfig -IgnoreSysPreReqs -ignorePrereq  -showProgress \

> oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY \

> DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true \

> UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall \

> INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \

> SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en \

> oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE \

> oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=false \

> oracle.install.db.EEOptionsSelection=false \

> oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba \

> oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=asmoper \

> oracle.install.db.isRACOneInstall=false \

> oracle.install.db.BACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba \

> oracle.install.db.DGDBA_GROUP=dba \

> oracle.install.db.KMDBA_GROUP=dba \

> oracle.install.db.rac.serverpoolCardinality=0 \

> oracle.install.db.ConfigureAsContainerDB=false \

> oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryOption=false \

> oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.installExampleSchemas=true \

> oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.managementOption=DEFAULT \

> oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.enableRecovery=false \

> oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE \

> SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false \

> oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES \

> ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1 \

> ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle \

> oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=raclhr-12cr1-n1,raclhr-12cr1-n2 \

> ORACLE_HOSTNAME=raclhr-12cR1-N1

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

 

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 2287 MB    Passed

Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 1785 MB    Passed

Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2017-01-17_09-38-20PM. Please wait ...[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$

[oracle@raclhr-12cR1-N1 database]$ You can find the log of this install session at:

/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2017-01-17_09-38-20PM.log

 

Prepare in progress.

..................................................   8% Done.

 

Prepare successful.

 

Copy files in progress.

..................................................   13% Done.

..................................................   18% Done.

..................................................   23% Done.

..................................................   28% Done.

..................................................   33% Done.

..................................................   38% Done.

..................................................   43% Done.

..........

Copy files successful.

 

Link binaries in progress.

..........

Link binaries successful.

..................................................   53% Done.

 

Setup files in progress.

 

Setup files successful.

..................................................   59% Done.

 

Setup Inventory in progress.

 

Setup Inventory successful.

..................................................   65% Done.

 

Finish Setup successful.

 

Perform remote operations in progress.

 

Perform remote operations successful.

..................................................   72% Done.

 

Saving Cluster Inventory in progress.

..........

Saving Cluster Inventory successful.

The installation of Oracle Database 12c was successful.

Please check '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/silentInstall2017-01-17_09-38-20PM.log' for more details.

 

Setup Oracle Base in progress.

 

Setup Oracle Base successful.

..................................................   86% Done.

 

Update Inventory in progress.

 

Update Inventory successful.

..................................................   95% Done.

 

As a root user, execute the following script(s):

        1. /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

 

Execute /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/root.sh on the following nodes:

[raclhr-12cr1-n1, raclhr-12cr1-n2]

 

 

..................................................   100% Done.

Successfully Setup Software.

As install user, execute the following script to complete the configuration.

        1. /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/configToolAllCommands RESPONSE_FILE=<response_file>

 

        Note:

        1. This script must be run on the same host from where installer was run.

        2. This script needs a small password properties file for configuration assistants that require passwords (refer to install guide documentation).

 

 

 

节点1和节点2依次执行root.sh

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

Check /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/install/root_raclhr-12cR1-N1_2017-01-17_22-18-12.log for the output of root script

[root@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]#

 

 

 

1.2  建立磁盘组

创建DATA和FRA磁盘组:

CREATE DISKGROUP DATA external redundancy DISK '/dev/asm-diskd' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '12.1', 'compatible.asm' = '12.1';

CREATE DISKGROUP FRA external redundancy DISK '/dev/asm-diske' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '12.1', 'compatible.asm' = '12.1';

 

[grid@raclhr-12cR1-N1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

 

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Tue Jan 17 22:41:42 2017

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

 

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP DATA external redundancy DISK '/dev/asm-diskd' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '12.1', 'compatible.asm' = '12.1';

 

Diskgroup created.

 

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP FRA external redundancy DISK '/dev/asm-diske' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '12.1', 'compatible.asm' = '12.1';

 

Diskgroup created.

 

SQL>

 

 

 

1.3  dbca静默方式建库

dbca -silent -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -responseFile NO_VALUE \

-gdbname lhrrac  -sid lhrrac \

-createAsContainerDatabase false \

-sysPassword lhr -systemPassword lhr -serviceUserPassword lhr \

-datafileDestination 'DATA/' -recoveryAreaDestination 'FRA/' \

-storageType ASM -asmsnmpPassword oracle  -diskGroupName 'DATA' \

-characterset ZHS16GBK -nationalCharacterSet AL16UTF16 \

-sampleSchema true \

-memoryPercentage 30 \

-databaseType OLTP  \

-emConfiguration NONE  \

-nodeinfo raclhr-12cR1-N1,raclhr-12cR1-N2

 

 

 

1.4  其它配置

1.4.1  sqlplus提示符设置

编辑$ORACLE_HOME/sqlplus/admin/glogin.sql

set linesize 9999 pagesize 9999

set sqlprompt "_USER'@'_CONNECT_IDENTIFIER> "

 

最后,安装好的虚拟机可用于测试12c的功能,小麦苗会将安装好的12c的环境上传到云盘。

About Me

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本文作者:小麦苗,只专注于数据库的技术,更注重技术的运用

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