mysql-5.7.10-linux-glibc2.5-i686.tar.gz是目前最新版,二进制发布包,适合各种32为版本的发型版Linux,由于只有一个包,解压后配配就行,很方便,比较符合我的风格。


环境:centos6.6 x86


1、下载 http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/

http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.10-linux-glibc2.5-i686.tar.gz

迅雷下载后ftp传到Linux下面/usr/local/soft/

wKioL1aQlQSj2d6RAAEaCJXYcW0735.png

2、解压缩到/usr/local/下面,mysql的主目录命名为mysql

[root@localhost local]# cd /usr/local/soft/

[root@localhost soft]# tar zvxf mysql-5.7.10-linux-glibc2.5-i686.tar.gz -C /usr/local

[root@localhost soft]# cd ..

[root@localhost local]# mv mysql-5.7.10-linux-glibc2.5-i686/ mysql


3、在mysql下面创建data数据库文件目录

[root@localhost local]# mkdir mysql/data


4、创建mysql的用户组和用户,并对mysql目录设置用户组和用户

[root@localhost local]# groupadd mysql

[root@localhost local]# useradd mysql -g mysql

[root@localhost local]# cd mysql

[root@localhost mysql]# pwd

/usr/local/mysql

[root@localhost mysql]# chown -R mysql .

[root@localhost mysql]# chgrp -R mysql .


5、初始化mysql并启动mysql服务

[root@localhost mysql]# cd /usr/local/mysql/bin

[root@localhost bin]# yum install libaio

./mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data已加载插件:fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security

设置安装进程

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

 * base: mirrors.opencas.cn

 * extras: mirrors.btte.net

 * updates: mirrors.btte.net

包 libaio-0.3.107-10.el6.i686 已安装并且是最新版本

无须任何处理

[root@localhost bin]# ./mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

2016-01-09 12:00:28 [WARNING] mysql_install_db is deprecated. Please consider switching to mysqld --initialize

2016-01-09 12:00:33 [WARNING] The bootstrap log isn't empty:

2016-01-09 12:00:33 [WARNING] 2016-01-09T04:00:29.262989Z 0 [Warning] --bootstrap is deprecated. Please consider using --initialize instead

2016-01-09T04:00:29.264643Z 0 [Warning] Changed limits: max_open_files: 1024 (requested 5000)

2016-01-09T04:00:29.264653Z 0 [Warning] Changed limits: table_open_cache: 431 (requested 2000)


[root@localhost bin]# cd /usr/local/mysql/support-files

[root@localhost support-files]# ./mysql.server start

Starting MySQL. SUCCESS! 


6、登录mysql,此版本最新版不许空密码登录,实际上有个初始化密码保存在/root/.mysql_secret这个文件里面,用这个密码第一次登录后,再修改密码。因此先cat查看下初始化密码(随机的,每次安装看到的密码都不一样):

[root@localhost ~]# cat /root/.mysql_secret

# Password set for user 'root@localhost' at 2016-01-09 12:00:28 

:5ul#H6dmcwX


利用初始化密码:5ul#H6dmcwX开始登录mysql:

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/mysql/bin

[root@localhost bin]# ./mysql -uroot -p:5ul#H6dmcwX

mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 5

Server version: 5.7.10


Copyright (c) 2000, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.


Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.


Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.


mysql>


显示登录成功,可以执行mysql命令操作了!


7、改mysql的root密码,新密码在此为'leizm'

mysql> set password=password('leizm');

Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


8、设定远程登录mysql。在Linux下为了安全,默认是不允许mysql本机以外的机器访问mysql数据库服务,因此需要重新授权root。方便远程访问。


mysql> use mysql;

Reading table information for completion of table and column names

You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A


Database changed

mysql> select Host,User from user;

+-----------+-----------+

| Host      | User      |

+-----------+-----------+

| %         | root      |

| localhost | mysql.sys |

| localhost | root      |

+-----------+-----------+

3 rows in set (0.00 sec)


mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO root@'%' identified by 'leizm';

Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> flush privileges;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)


授权语句最后的‘leizm’是mysql数据库root用户的新密码。


9、非必要的步骤,如果远程连不上,估计是防火墙的问题,关闭试试:

[root@localhost mysql]# service iptables stop

setenforce 0iptables:将链设置为政策 ACCEPT:filter        [确定]

iptables:清除防火墙规则:                                 [确定]

iptables:正在卸载模块:                                   [确定]

[root@localhost mysql]# setenforce 0

setenforce: SELinux is disabled


用SQLyog远程登录访问测试下:

wKioL1aQlMygjPJDAAFAR3lzHIM798.png

安装配置成功!


参考文档:

http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/linux-installation-yum-repo.html

源码方式安装可参看【CentOS7安装MYSQL5.7.7】

http://wenku.baidu.com/link?url=ftdKljAhb2si7Hvvvekj--fmAjicyw2rURzfcHoZaTCRCdSOJfsSl-8SXxZn-fA6CWbQnHgUgC_KkUSp32OvKZkO8rpbgLRwmydohYlxwvC

rpm方式安装参看:

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/a1aaacb75f0e7cd18525365e.html

yum方式安装参看:

http://www.thinksaas.cn/group/topic/394802/

其他的

http://jingyan.baidu.com/article/e5c39bf5aa60f639d7603316.html

http://forrest-lv.iteye.com/blog/2260703