IDEA8实战-CXF版HelloWorld
 
我看网上做WebService都用MyEclipse,现在把国人用户都封了,我干脆写个IDEA版的CXF 的WS的例子,与大家分享!
 
一、准备环境
 
IntelliJ IDEA 8.12
apache-cxf-2.2.2.zip
JDK 1.5
 
资源地址:
 
 
使用向导创建一个工程cxfws1,将apache-cxf-2.2.2.zip解压后里面的lib下的包加入工程。
 
二、开发WebService服务端程序
 
package ws;

import javax.jws.WebService;

/**
* 定义服务接口
*
* @author leizhimin 2009-6-11 14:09:14
*/

@WebService
public interface HelloWorld {
        String sayHello(String username);
}
 
package ws;

import javax.jws.WebService;

/**
* 实现服务接口
*
* @author leizhimin 2009-6-11 14:33:42
*/

@WebService
public class HelloWorldImpl implements HelloWorld {
        public String sayHello(String username) {
                System.out.println("正在调用sayHello()方法...");
                return "Hello " + username + "!";
        }
}
 
package ws;

import org.apache.cxf.endpoint.Server;
import org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JaxWsServerFactoryBean;

/**
* 服务端程序设置与启动程序
*
* @author leizhimin 2009-6-11 14:41:23
*/

public class HelloWorldServer {
        public static void main(String[] args) {
                JaxWsServerFactoryBean factory = new JaxWsServerFactoryBean();
                factory.setServiceClass(HelloWorldImpl.class);
                factory.setAddress("http://localhost:8080/service/HelloWorld");
                Server server = factory.create();
                server.start();
        }
}
 
服务端程序之所以能这么启动,是因为cxf内置了开源的jetty服务器。
 
三、开发WebService的客户端
 
package client;

import org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JaxWsProxyFactoryBean;
import ws.HelloWorld;

/**
* 客户端调用代码
*
* @author leizhimin 2009-6-11 14:46:45
*/

public class TestClient {
        public static void main(String[] args) {
                JaxWsProxyFactoryBean factory = new JaxWsProxyFactoryBean();
                factory.setAddress("http://localhost:8080/service/HelloWorld");
                factory.setServiceClass(HelloWorld.class);
                HelloWorld helloWorld = (HelloWorld) factory.create();
                String msg = helloWorld.sayHello("World");
                System.out.println(msg);
        }
}
 
四、测试
 
1、运行服务端程序,并通过页面访问地址http://localhost:8080/service/HelloWorld?wsdl,显示的WSDL代码如下:
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>    
- <wsdl:definitions name="HelloWorldImplService" targetNamespace="http://ws/" xmlns:ns1="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/" xmlns:tns="http://ws/" xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
- <wsdl:types>
- <xs:schema attributeFormDefault="unqualified" elementFormDefault="unqualified" targetNamespace="http://ws/" xmlns:tns="http://ws/" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
    <xs:element name="sayHello" type="tns:sayHello" />    
    <xs:element name="sayHelloResponse" type="tns:sayHelloResponse" />    
- <xs:complexType name="sayHello">
- <xs:sequence>
    <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="arg0" type="xs:string" />    
    </xs:sequence>
    </xs:complexType>
- <xs:complexType name="sayHelloResponse">
- <xs:sequence>
    <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="return" type="xs:string" />    
    </xs:sequence>
    </xs:complexType>
    </xs:schema>
    </wsdl:types>
- <wsdl:message name="sayHelloResponse">
    <wsdl:part element="tns:sayHelloResponse" name="parameters" />    
    </wsdl:message>
- <wsdl:message name="sayHello">
    <wsdl:part element="tns:sayHello" name="parameters" />    
    </wsdl:message>
- <wsdl:portType name="HelloWorld">
- <wsdl:operation name="sayHello">
    <wsdl:input message="tns:sayHello" name="sayHello" />    
    <wsdl:output message="tns:sayHelloResponse" name="sayHelloResponse" />    
    </wsdl:operation>
    </wsdl:portType>
- <wsdl:binding name="HelloWorldImplServiceSoapBinding" type="tns:HelloWorld">
    <soap:binding style="document" transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http" />    
- <wsdl:operation name="sayHello">
    <soap:operation soapAction="" style="document" />    
- <wsdl:input name="sayHello">
    <soap:body use="literal" />    
    </wsdl:input>
- <wsdl:output name="sayHelloResponse">
    <soap:body use="literal" />    
    </wsdl:output>
    </wsdl:operation>
    </wsdl:binding>
- <wsdl:service name="HelloWorldImplService">
- <wsdl:port binding="tns:HelloWorldImplServiceSoapBinding" name="HelloWorldImplPort">
    <soap:address location="http://localhost:8080/service/HelloWorld" />    
    </wsdl:port>
    </wsdl:service>
    </wsdl:definitions>
 
说明服务发布成功了。。
 
2、运行客户端程序
Hello World!

Process finished with exit code 0
 
 
可见,测试圆满成功!