深入了解Ingress

为什么需要Ingress?

  • Service可以使用NodePort暴露集群外访问端口,但是性能低下不安全
  • 缺少Layer7的统一访问入口,可以负载均衡、限流等
  • Ingress 公开了从集群外部到集群内服务的 HTTP 和 HTTPS 路由。 流量路由由 Ingress 资源上定义的规则控制。
  • 我们使用Ingress作为整个集群统一的入口,配置Ingress规则转到对应的Service

#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_nginx



一、Ingress nginx和nginx ingress

1、nginx ingress

这是nginx官方做的,适配k8s的,分为开源版nginx plus版(收费)

#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_docker_02


文档地址:​https://www.nginx.com/products/nginx-ingress-controller​

#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_80端口_03



2、ingress nginx

​https://kubernetes.io/zh/docs/concepts/services-networking/ingress/#ingress-%E6%98%AF%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_80端口_04https://kubernetes.io/zh/docs/concepts/services-networking/ingress/#ingress-%20%E6%98%AF%E4%BB%80%E4%B9%88​

#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_nginx_05#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_docker_06

这是k8s官方做的,适配nginx的。这个里面会及时更新一些特性,而且性能很高,也被广泛采用。上面链接是文档地址

## 默认安装使用这个镜像 
registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lanson_k8s_images/ingress-nginx-controller:v0.46.0

#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_80端口_07

二、ingress nginx 安装

1、安装

自建集群使用 裸金属安装方式 需要如下修改:

  • 修改ingress-nginx-controller镜像为 registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lanson_k8s_images/ingress-nginx-controller:v0.46.0
  • 修改Deployment为DaemonSet比较好
  • 修改Container使用主机网络,直接在主机上开辟 80,443端口,无需中间解析,速度更快
  • Container使用主机网络,对应的dnsPolicy策略也需要改为主机网络的
  • 修改Service为ClusterIP,无需NodePort模式了
  • 修改DaemonSet的nodeSelector: ingress-node=true 。这样只需要给node节点打上 ingress-node=true 标签,即可快速的加入/剔除 ingress-controller的数量

 修改好的yaml如下,大家直接复制使用

apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx
labels:
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx

---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-serviceaccount.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx
namespace: ingress-nginx
automountServiceAccountToken: true
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-configmap.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx-controller
namespace: ingress-nginx
data:
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/clusterrole.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
name: ingress-nginx
rules:
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- configmaps
- endpoints
- nodes
- pods
- secrets
verbs:
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- nodes
verbs:
- get
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- services
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- extensions
- networking.k8s.io # k8s 1.14+
resources:
- ingresses
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- events
verbs:
- create
- patch
- apiGroups:
- extensions
- networking.k8s.io # k8s 1.14+
resources:
- ingresses/status
verbs:
- update
- apiGroups:
- networking.k8s.io # k8s 1.14+
resources:
- ingressclasses
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/clusterrolebinding.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
name: ingress-nginx
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: ClusterRole
name: ingress-nginx
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: ingress-nginx
namespace: ingress-nginx
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-role.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx
namespace: ingress-nginx
rules:
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- namespaces
verbs:
- get
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- configmaps
- pods
- secrets
- endpoints
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- services
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- extensions
- networking.k8s.io # k8s 1.14+
resources:
- ingresses
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- extensions
- networking.k8s.io # k8s 1.14+
resources:
- ingresses/status
verbs:
- update
- apiGroups:
- networking.k8s.io # k8s 1.14+
resources:
- ingressclasses
verbs:
- get
- list
- watch
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- configmaps
resourceNames:
- ingress-controller-leader-nginx
verbs:
- get
- update
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- configmaps
verbs:
- create
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- events
verbs:
- create
- patch
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-rolebinding.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx
namespace: ingress-nginx
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: Role
name: ingress-nginx
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: ingress-nginx
namespace: ingress-nginx
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-service-webhook.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx-controller-admission
namespace: ingress-nginx
spec:
type: ClusterIP
ports:
- name: https-webhook
port: 443
targetPort: webhook
selector:
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-service.yaml:不要
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
annotations:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx-controller
namespace: ingress-nginx
spec:
type: ClusterIP ## 改为clusterIP
ports:
- name: http
port: 80
protocol: TCP
targetPort: http
- name: https
port: 443
protocol: TCP
targetPort: https
selector:
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/controller-deployment.yaml
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
name: ingress-nginx-controller
namespace: ingress-nginx
spec:
selector:
matchLabels:
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
revisionHistoryLimit: 10
minReadySeconds: 0
template:
metadata:
labels:
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/component: controller
spec:
dnsPolicy: ClusterFirstWithHostNet ## dns对应调整为主机网络
hostNetwork: true ## 直接让nginx占用本机80端口和443端口,所以使用主机网络
containers:
- name: controller
image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lanson_k8s_images/ingress-nginx-controller:v0.46.0
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
lifecycle:
preStop:
exec:
command:
- /wait-shutdown
args:
- /nginx-ingress-controller
- --election-id=ingress-controller-leader
- --ingress-class=nginx
- --configmap=$(POD_NAMESPACE)/ingress-nginx-controller
- --validating-webhook=:8443
- --validating-webhook-certificate=/usr/local/certificates/cert
- --validating-webhook-key=/usr/local/certificates/key
securityContext:
capabilities:
drop:
- ALL
add:
- NET_BIND_SERVICE
runAsUser: 101
allowPrivilegeEscalation: true
env:
- name: POD_NAME
valueFrom:
fieldRef:
fieldPath: metadata.name
- name: POD_NAMESPACE
valueFrom:
fieldRef:
fieldPath: metadata.namespace
- name: LD_PRELOAD
value: /usr/local/lib/libmimalloc.so
livenessProbe:
httpGet:
path: /healthz
port: 10254
scheme: HTTP
initialDelaySeconds: 10
periodSeconds: 10
timeoutSeconds: 1
successThreshold: 1
failureThreshold: 5
readinessProbe:
httpGet:
path: /healthz
port: 10254
scheme: HTTP
initialDelaySeconds: 10
periodSeconds: 10
timeoutSeconds: 1
successThreshold: 1
failureThreshold: 3
ports:
- name: http
containerPort: 80
protocol: TCP
- name: https
containerPort: 443
protocol: TCP
- name: webhook
containerPort: 8443
protocol: TCP
volumeMounts:
- name: webhook-cert
mountPath: /usr/local/certificates/
readOnly: true
resources:
requests:
cpu: 100m
memory: 90Mi
nodeSelector: ## 节点选择器
node-role: ingress #以后只需要给某个node打上这个标签就可以部署ingress-nginx到这个节点上了
#kubernetes.io/os: linux ## 修改节点选择
serviceAccountName: ingress-nginx
terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 300
volumes:
- name: webhook-cert
secret:
secretName: ingress-nginx-admission
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/validating-webhook.yaml
# before changing this value, check the required kubernetes version
# https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/access-authn-authz/extensible-admission-controllers/#prerequisites
apiVersion: admissionregistration.k8s.io/v1
kind: ValidatingWebhookConfiguration
metadata:
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
name: ingress-nginx-admission
webhooks:
- name: validate.nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io
matchPolicy: Equivalent
rules:
- apiGroups:
- networking.k8s.io
apiVersions:
- v1beta1
operations:
- CREATE
- UPDATE
resources:
- ingresses
failurePolicy: Fail
sideEffects: None
admissionReviewVersions:
- v1
- v1beta1
clientConfig:
service:
namespace: ingress-nginx
name: ingress-nginx-controller-admission
path: /networking/v1beta1/ingresses
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/serviceaccount.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: pre-install,pre-upgrade,post-install,post-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
namespace: ingress-nginx
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/clusterrole.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: pre-install,pre-upgrade,post-install,post-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
rules:
- apiGroups:
- admissionregistration.k8s.io
resources:
- validatingwebhookconfigurations
verbs:
- get
- update
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/clusterrolebinding.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: pre-install,pre-upgrade,post-install,post-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: ClusterRole
name: ingress-nginx-admission
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: ingress-nginx-admission
namespace: ingress-nginx
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/role.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: pre-install,pre-upgrade,post-install,post-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
namespace: ingress-nginx
rules:
- apiGroups:
- ''
resources:
- secrets
verbs:
- get
- create
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/rolebinding.yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: pre-install,pre-upgrade,post-install,post-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
namespace: ingress-nginx
roleRef:
apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
kind: Role
name: ingress-nginx-admission
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
name: ingress-nginx-admission
namespace: ingress-nginx
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/job-createSecret.yaml
apiVersion: batch/v1
kind: Job
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission-create
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: pre-install,pre-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
namespace: ingress-nginx
spec:
template:
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission-create
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
spec:
containers:
- name: create
image: docker.io/jettech/kube-webhook-certgen:v1.5.1
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
args:
- create
- --host=ingress-nginx-controller-admission,ingress-nginx-controller-admission.$(POD_NAMESPACE).svc
- --namespace=$(POD_NAMESPACE)
- --secret-name=ingress-nginx-admission
env:
- name: POD_NAMESPACE
valueFrom:
fieldRef:
fieldPath: metadata.namespace
restartPolicy: OnFailure
serviceAccountName: ingress-nginx-admission
securityContext:
runAsNonRoot: true
runAsUser: 2000
---
# Source: ingress-nginx/templates/admission-webhooks/job-patch/job-patchWebhook.yaml
apiVersion: batch/v1
kind: Job
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission-patch
annotations:
helm.sh/hook: post-install,post-upgrade
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation,hook-succeeded
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
namespace: ingress-nginx
spec:
template:
metadata:
name: ingress-nginx-admission-patch
labels:
helm.sh/chart: ingress-nginx-3.30.0
app.kubernetes.io/name: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/instance: ingress-nginx
app.kubernetes.io/version: 0.46.0
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
app.kubernetes.io/component: admission-webhook
spec:
containers:
- name: patch
image: docker.io/jettech/kube-webhook-certgen:v1.5.1
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
args:
- patch
- --webhook-name=ingress-nginx-admission
- --namespace=$(POD_NAMESPACE)
- --patch-mutating=false
- --secret-name=ingress-nginx-admission
- --patch-failure-policy=Fail
env:
- name: POD_NAMESPACE
valueFrom:
fieldRef:
fieldPath: metadata.namespace
restartPolicy: OnFailure
serviceAccountName: ingress-nginx-admission
securityContext:
runAsNonRoot: true
runAsUser: 2000

#云原生征文#深入了解Ingress_nginx_08

2、验证

访问部署了ingress-nginx主机的80端口,有nginx响应即可

3、卸载

​kubectl delete -f ingress-controller.yaml​​ 即可

【本文正在参加云原生有奖征文活动】,活动链接:https://ost.51cto.com/posts/12598