1、部署准备

说明:所有的容器组都运行在monitoring 命名空间
本文参考https://github.com/coreos/kube-prometheus
由于官方维护的版本在现有的部署环境出现问题所以下面做了一些修改及变更不影响整体效果
prometheus yaml 会做一些小的更改,grafana 不使用官方yaml 

2、prometheus 服务相关yaml 准备

2.1、下载官方yaml

mkdir kube-prometheus 
cd kube-prometheus 
git clone https://github.com/coreos/kube-prometheus
cd kube-prometheus/manifests
mkdir prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-clusterRoleBinding.yaml                 prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-clusterRole.yaml                             prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-prometheus.yaml                            prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-roleBindingConfig.yaml                   prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-roleBindingSpecificNamespaces.yaml      prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-roleConfig.yaml                         prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-roleSpecificNamespaces.yaml             prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-rules.yaml                              prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-serviceAccount.yaml                     prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-serviceMonitor.yaml                     prometheus-prometheus
mv  prometheus-service.yaml                            prometheus-prometheus
mkdir prometheus-monitor # 以后所有系统业务的监控yaml 放到此文件夹
mv prometheus-serviceMonitorApiserver.yaml               prometheus-monitor
mv prometheus-serviceMonitorCoreDNS.yaml                 prometheus-monitor
mv prometheus-serviceMonitorKubeControllerManager.yaml   prometheus-monitor
mv prometheus-serviceMonitorKubelet.yaml                 prometheus-monitor
mv prometheus-serviceMonitorKubeScheduler.yaml           prometheus-monitor

2.2、创建监控etcd secret

etcd 监控要用到证书同时需要修改prometheus-prometheus.yaml  不如先创建修改好,以后就不用那么麻烦了
cd /apps/work/k8s/cfssl/pki/etcd/
监控etcd 生成配置etcd-certs
kubectl -n monitoring create secret generic etcd-certs --from-file=etcd-ca.pem --from-file=etcd_client-key.pem --from-file=etcd_client.pem

2.3、修改prometheus-prometheus.yaml

cd /apps/work/k8s/kube-prometheus/manifests/prometheus-prometheus
vim prometheus-prometheus.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: Prometheus
metadata:
  labels:
    prometheus: k8s
  name: k8s
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  alerting:
    alertmanagers:
    - name: alertmanager-main
      namespace: monitoring
      port: web
  baseImage: quay.io/prometheus/prometheus
  nodeSelector:
    beta.kubernetes.io/os: linux
  replicas: 2
  secrets:
    # 添加etcd 证书
  - etcd-certs
  resources:
    requests:
          # 设置内存大小
      memory: 2048Mi
    # 设置数据保留天数
  retention: 7d
    # 创建外部存储pvc
  storage:
    volumeClaimTemplate:
      spec:
        accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
        metadata:
          annotations:
             storageclass.kubernetes.io/is-default-class: true # 使用那种动态存储 设置默认动态存储
          labels:
            prometheus: ingest-webrtc
        resources:
          requests:
            storage: 200Gi # 存储空间大小
  ruleSelector:
    matchLabels:
      prometheus: k8s
      role: alert-rules
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 2000
    runAsNonRoot: true
    runAsUser: 1000
  serviceAccountName: prometheus-k8s
  serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector: {}
  serviceMonitorSelector: {}
  version: v2.10.0 # 版本号

2.4、 执行yaml 创建prometheus 服务

 kubectl apply -f .

2.5、查看prometheus 服务 状态

[root@jenkins prometheus-prometheus]# kubectl get pod -n monitoring -o wide | grep prometheus-k8s
prometheus-k8s-0                          3/3     Running   0          5m45s   10.65.1.25      node02    <none>           <none>
prometheus-k8s-1                          3/3     Running   0          18m     10.65.0.99      node01    <none>           <none>
[root@jenkins prometheus-prometheus]# kubectl get service -n monitoring -o wide | grep prometheus-k8s   
prometheus-k8s            ClusterIP   10.64.61.191    <none>        9090/TCP            37d   app=prometheus,prometheus=k8s
[root@jenkins prometheus-prometheus]# kubectl get statefulset -n monitoring  | grep prometheus-k8s       
prometheus-k8s      2/2     37d
访问prometheus
http://10.65.1.25:9090
http://10.65.0.99:9090
或者集群ip
http://10.64.61.191:9090

Alerts 状态 prometheus查看
http://10.64.61.191:9090/alerts
基于 Kubernetes v1.14.0 之 prometheus与grafana 部署

prometheus 状态
基于 Kubernetes v1.14.0 之 prometheus与grafana 部署

2.6 创建k8s 常见监控

2.6.1、kube-apiserver 监控创建

cd ../prometheus-monitor
vi  prometheus-serviceMonitorApiserver.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: apiserver
  name: kube-apiserver
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - bearerTokenFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
    interval: 30s
    port: https
    scheme: https
    tlsConfig:
      caFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      serverName: kubernetes
  jobLabel: component
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - default
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      component: apiserver
      provider: kubernetes

2.6.2、Kubelet 监控

vi prometheus-serviceMonitorKubelet.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kubelet
  name: kubelet
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - bearerTokenFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
    honorLabels: true
    interval: 30s
    port: https-metrics
    scheme: https
    tlsConfig:
      insecureSkipVerify: true
  - bearerTokenFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
    honorLabels: true
    interval: 30s
    path: /metrics/cadvisor
    port: https-metrics
    scheme: https
    tlsConfig:
      insecureSkipVerify: true
  jobLabel: k8s-app
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - kube-system
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kubelet

2.6.3、etcd 监控 etcd 不在k8s集群内部所以要创建Endpoints

vi prometheus-serviceMonitoretcd.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
  name: etcd
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  clusterIP: None
  ports:
  - name: https-metrics
    port: 2379
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 2379
  sessionAffinity: None
  type: ClusterIP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
  name: etcd
  namespace: monitoring
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 172.172.0.1
  - ip: 172.172.0.2
  - ip: 172.172.0.3
  - ip: 172.172.0.4
  - ip: 172.172.0.5
  - ip: 172.172.0.6
  ports:
  - name: https-metrics
    port: 2379
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  labels:
    app: etcd
  name: etcd
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - interval: 10s
    port: https-metrics
    scheme: https
    tlsConfig:
      caFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/etcd-ca.pem
      certFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/etcd_client.pem
      keyFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/etcd_client-key.pem
      insecureSkipVerify: true
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - monitoring
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: etcd

2.6.4、kube-scheduler 监控 不在k8s集群内部所以要创建Endpoints 删除官方提供的yaml

vi  prometheus-serviceMonitorKubeScheduler.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-scheduler
  name: kube-scheduler
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  clusterIP: None
  ports:
  - name: http-metrics
    port: 10251
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 10251
  sessionAffinity: None
  type: ClusterIP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-scheduler
  name: kube-scheduler
  namespace: monitoring
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 192.168.3.10
  - ip: 192.168.3.11
  - ip: 192.168.3.12
  - ip: 192.168.3.13
  - ip: 192.168.3.14
  ports:
  - name: http-metrics
    port: 10251
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  labels:
    app: kube-scheduler
  name: kube-scheduler
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - interval: 10s
    port: http-metrics
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - monitoring
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kube-scheduler

2.6.5、kube-controller-manager 监控 不在k8s集群内部所以要创建Endpoints 删除官方提供的yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-controller-manager
  name: kube-controller-manager
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  clusterIP: None
  ports:
  - name: http-controller
    port: 10252
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 10252
  sessionAffinity: None
  type: ClusterIP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-controller-manager
  name: kube-controller-manager
  namespace: monitoring
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 192.168.3.10
  - ip: 192.168.3.11
  - ip: 192.168.3.12
  - ip: 192.168.3.13
  - ip: 192.168.3.14
  ports:
  - name: http-controller
    port: 10252
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  labels:
    app: kube-controller-manager
  name: kube-controller-manager
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - interval: 10s
    port: http-controller
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - monitoring
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kube-controller-manager

2.6.6、CoreDNS 监控

vi prometheus-serviceMonitorCoreDNS.yaml  
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: coredns
  name: coredns
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - bearerTokenFile: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
    interval: 15s
    port: metrics
  jobLabel: k8s-app
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - kube-system
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: kube-dns

2.6.7、执行yaml 创建ServiceMonitor

 kubectl apply -f . 
 等待几分钟打开http://10.64.61.191:9090
 targets 标签是否有对应的服务如果有一切正常

3、创建 grafana 服务相关的yaml文件不使用官网提供yaml

3.1、创建grafana-pvc

mkdir grafana
cd grafana
vi grafana-pvc.yaml
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: grafana-pvc
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteMany
  storageClassName: nfs-storage
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 50Gi

3.2、grafana-configmap

vi grafana-configmap.yaml
apiVersion: v1
data:
  grafana.ini: |
    ##################### Grafana Configuration Example #####################
    #
    # Everything has defaults so you only need to uncomment things you want to
    # change

    # possible values : production, development
    ; app_mode = production

    # instance name, defaults to HOSTNAME environment variable value or hostname if HOSTNAME var is empty
    ; instance_name = ${HOSTNAME}

    #################################### Paths ####################################
    [paths]
    # Path to where grafana can store temp files, sessions, and the sqlite3 db (if that is used)
    ;data = /var/lib/grafana

    # Directory where grafana can store logs
    ;logs = /var/log/grafana

    # Directory where grafana will automatically scan and look for plugins
    ;plugins = /var/lib/grafana/plugins

    # folder that contains provisioning config files that grafana will apply on startup and while running.
    ; provisioning = conf/provisioning

    #################################### Server ####################################
    [server]
    # Protocol (http, https, socket)
    ;protocol = http

    # The ip address to bind to, empty will bind to all interfaces
    ;http_addr =

    # The http port  to use
    ;http_port = 3000

    # The public facing domain name used to access grafana from a browser
    ;domain = localhost

    # Redirect to correct domain if host header does not match domain
    # Prevents DNS rebinding attacks
    ;enforce_domain = false

    # The full public facing url you use in browser, used for redirects and emails
    # If you use reverse proxy and sub path specify full url (with sub path)
    ;root_url = http://localhost:3000

    # Log web requests
    ;router_logging = false

    # the path relative working path
    ;static_root_path = public

    # enable gzip
    ;enable_gzip = false

    # https certs & key file
    ;cert_file =
    ;cert_key =

    # Unix socket path
    ;socket =

    #################################### Database ####################################
    [database]
    # You can configure the database connection by specifying type, host, name, user and password
    # as seperate properties or as on string using the url propertie.

    # Either "mysql", "postgres" or "sqlite3", it's your choice
    ;type = sqlite3
    ;host = 127.0.0.1:3306
    ;name = grafana
    ;user = root
    # If the password contains # or ; you have to wrap it with triple quotes. Ex """#password;"""
    ;password =

    # Use either URL or the previous fields to configure the database
    # Example: mysql://user:secret@host:port/database
    ;url =

    # For "postgres" only, either "disable", "require" or "verify-full"
    ;ssl_mode = disable

    # For "sqlite3" only, path relative to data_path setting
    ;path = grafana.db

    # Max idle conn setting default is 2
    ;max_idle_conn = 2

    # Max conn setting default is 0 (mean not set)
    ;max_open_conn =

    # Connection Max Lifetime default is 14400 (means 14400 seconds or 4 hours)
    ;conn_max_lifetime = 14400

    # Set to true to log the sql calls and execution times.
    log_queries =

    #################################### Session ####################################
    [session]
    # Either "memory", "file", "redis", "mysql", "postgres", default is "file"
    ;provider = file

    # Provider config options
    # memory: not have any config yet
    # file: session dir path, is relative to grafana data_path
    # redis: config like redis server e.g. `addr=127.0.0.1:6379,pool_size=100,db=grafana`
    # mysql: go-sql-driver/mysql dsn config string, e.g. `user:password@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/database_name`
    # postgres: user=a password=b host=localhost port=5432 dbname=c sslmode=disable
    ;provider_config = sessions

    # Session cookie name
    ;cookie_name = grafana_sess

    # If you use session in https only, default is false
    ;cookie_secure = false

    # Session life time, default is 86400
    ;session_life_time = 86400

    #################################### Data proxy ###########################
    [dataproxy]

    # This enables data proxy logging, default is false
    ;logging = false

    #################################### Analytics ####################################
    [analytics]
    # Server reporting, sends usage counters to stats.grafana.org every 24 hours.
    # No ip addresses are being tracked, only simple counters to track
    # running instances, dashboard and error counts. It is very helpful to us.
    # Change this option to false to disable reporting.
    ;reporting_enabled = true

    # Set to false to disable all checks to https://grafana.net
    # for new vesions (grafana itself and plugins), check is used
    # in some UI views to notify that grafana or plugin update exists
    # This option does not cause any auto updates, nor send any information
    # only a GET request to http://grafana.com to get latest versions
    ;check_for_updates = true

    # Google Analytics universal tracking code, only enabled if you specify an id here
    ;google_analytics_ua_id =

    #################################### Security ####################################
    [security]
    # default admin user, created on startup
    ;admin_user = admin

    # default admin password, can be changed before first start of grafana,  or in profile settings
    ;admin_password = admin

    # used for signing
    ;secret_key = SW2YcwTIb9zpOOhoPsMm

    # Auto-login remember days
    ;login_remember_days = 7
    ;cookie_username = grafana_user
    ;cookie_remember_name = grafana_remember

    # disable gravatar profile images
    ;disable_gravatar = false

    # data source proxy whitelist (ip_or_domain:port separated by spaces)
    ;data_source_proxy_whitelist =

    # disable protection against brute force login attempts
    ;disable_brute_force_login_protection = false

    #################################### Snapshots ###########################
    [snapshots]
    # snapshot sharing options
    ;external_enabled = true
    ;external_snapshot_url = https://snapshots-origin.raintank.io
    ;external_snapshot_name = Publish to snapshot.raintank.io

    # remove expired snapshot
    ;snapshot_remove_expired = true

    #################################### Dashboards History ##################
    [dashboards]
    # Number dashboard versions to keep (per dashboard). Default: 20, Minimum: 1
    ;versions_to_keep = 20

    #################################### Users ###############################
    [users]
    # disable user signup / registration
    ;allow_sign_up = true

    # Allow non admin users to create organizations
    ;allow_org_create = true

    # Set to true to automatically assign new users to the default organization (id 1)
    ;auto_assign_org = true

    # Default role new users will be automatically assigned (if disabled above is set to true)
    ;auto_assign_org_role = Viewer

    # Background text for the user field on the login page
    ;login_hint = email or username

    # Default UI theme ("dark" or "light")
    ;default_theme = dark

    # External user management, these options affect the organization users view
    ;external_manage_link_url =
    ;external_manage_link_name =
    ;external_manage_info =

    # Viewers can edit/inspect dashboard settings in the browser. But not save the dashboard.
    ;viewers_can_edit = false

    [auth]
    # Set to true to disable (hide) the login form, useful if you use OAuth, defaults to false
    ;disable_login_form = false

    # Set to true to disable the signout link in the side menu. useful if you use auth.proxy, defaults to false
    ;disable_signout_menu = false

    #################################### Anonymous Auth ##########################
    [auth.anonymous]
    # enable anonymous access
    ;enabled = false

    # specify organization name that should be used for unauthenticated users
    ;org_name = Main Org.

    # specify role for unauthenticated users
    ;org_role = Viewer

    #################################### Github Auth ##########################
    [auth.github]
    ;enabled = false
    ;allow_sign_up = true
    ;client_id = some_id
    ;client_secret = some_secret
    ;scopes = user:email,read:org
    ;auth_url = https://github.com/login/oauth/authorize
    ;token_url = https://github.com/login/oauth/access_token
    ;api_url = https://api.github.com/user
    ;team_ids =
    ;allowed_organizations =

    #################################### Google Auth ##########################
    [auth.google]
    ;enabled = false
    ;allow_sign_up = true
    ;client_id = some_client_id
    ;client_secret = some_client_secret
    ;scopes = https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.email
    ;auth_url = https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth
    ;token_url = https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token
    ;api_url = https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo
    ;allowed_domains =

    #################################### Generic OAuth ##########################
    [auth.generic_oauth]
    ;enabled = false
    ;name = OAuth
    ;allow_sign_up = true
    ;client_id = some_id
    ;client_secret = some_secret
    ;scopes = user:email,read:org
    ;auth_url = https://foo.bar/login/oauth/authorize
    ;token_url = https://foo.bar/login/oauth/access_token
    ;api_url = https://foo.bar/user
    ;team_ids =
    ;allowed_organizations =

    #################################### Grafana.com Auth ####################
    [auth.grafana_com]
    ;enabled = false
    ;allow_sign_up = true
    ;client_id = some_id
    ;client_secret = some_secret
    ;scopes = user:email
    ;allowed_organizations =

    #################################### Auth Proxy ##########################
    [auth.proxy]
    ;enabled = false
    ;header_name = X-WEBAUTH-USER
    ;header_property = username
    ;auto_sign_up = true
    ;ldap_sync_ttl = 60
    ;whitelist = 192.168.1.1, 192.168.2.1

    #################################### Basic Auth ##########################
    [auth.basic]
    ;enabled = true

    #################################### Auth LDAP ##########################
    [auth.ldap]
    ;enabled = false
    ;config_file = /etc/grafana/ldap.toml
    ;allow_sign_up = true

    #################################### SMTP / Emailing ##########################
    [smtp]
    ;enabled = false
    ;host = localhost:25
    ;user =
    # If the password contains # or ; you have to wrap it with trippel quotes. Ex """#password;"""
    ;password =
    ;cert_file =
    ;key_file =
    ;skip_verify = false
    ;from_address = admin@grafana.localhost
    ;from_name = Grafana
    # EHLO identity in SMTP dialog (defaults to instance_name)
    ;ehlo_identity = dashboard.example.com

    [emails]
    ;welcome_email_on_sign_up = false

    #################################### Logging ##########################
    [log]
    # Either "console", "file", "syslog". Default is console and  file
    # Use space to separate multiple modes, e.g. "console file"
    ;mode = console file

    # Either "debug", "info", "warn", "error", "critical", default is "info"
    ;level = info

    # optional settings to set different levels for specific loggers. Ex filters = sqlstore:debug
    ;filters =

    # For "console" mode only
    [log.console]
    ;level =

    # log line format, valid options are text, console and json
    ;format = console

    # For "file" mode only
    [log.file]
    ;level =

    # log line format, valid options are text, console and json
    ;format = text

    # This enables automated log rotate(switch of following options), default is true
    ;log_rotate = true

    # Max line number of single file, default is 1000000
    ;max_lines = 1000000

    # Max size shift of single file, default is 28 means 1 << 28, 256MB
    ;max_size_shift = 28

    # Segment log daily, default is true
    ;daily_rotate = true

    # Expired days of log file(delete after max days), default is 7
    ;max_days = 7

    [log.syslog]
    ;level =

    # log line format, valid options are text, console and json
    ;format = text

    # Syslog network type and address. This can be udp, tcp, or unix. If left blank, the default unix endpoints will be used.
    ;network =
    ;address =

    # Syslog facility. user, daemon and local0 through local7 are valid.
    ;facility =

    # Syslog tag. By default, the process' argv[0] is used.
    ;tag =

    #################################### Alerting ############################
    [alerting]
    # Disable alerting engine & UI features
    ;enabled = true
    # Makes it possible to turn off alert rule execution but alerting UI is visible
    ;execute_alerts = true

    #################################### Internal Grafana Metrics ##########################
    # Metrics available at HTTP API Url /metrics
    [metrics]
    # Disable / Enable internal metrics
    ;enabled           = true

    # Publish interval
    ;interval_seconds  = 10

    # Send internal metrics to Graphite
    [metrics.graphite]
    # Enable by setting the address setting (ex localhost:2003)
    ;address =
    ;prefix = prod.grafana.%(instance_name)s.

    #################################### Distributed tracing ############
    [tracing.jaeger]
    # Enable by setting the address sending traces to jaeger (ex localhost:6831)
    ;address = localhost:6831
    # Tag that will always be included in when creating new spans. ex (tag1:value1,tag2:value2)
    ;always_included_tag = tag1:value1
    # Type specifies the type of the sampler: const, probabilistic, rateLimiting, or remote
    ;sampler_type = const
    # jaeger samplerconfig param
    # for "const" sampler, 0 or 1 for always false/true respectively
    # for "probabilistic" sampler, a probability between 0 and 1
    # for "rateLimiting" sampler, the number of spans per second
    # for "remote" sampler, param is the same as for "probabilistic"
    # and indicates the initial sampling rate before the actual one
    # is received from the mothership
    ;sampler_param = 1

    #################################### Grafana.com integration  ##########################
    # Url used to to import dashboards directly from Grafana.com
    [grafana_com]
    ;url = https://grafana.com

    #################################### External image storage ##########################
    [external_image_storage]
    # Used for uploading images to public servers so they can be included in slack/email messages.
    # you can choose between (s3, webdav, gcs, azure_blob, local)
    ;provider =

    [external_image_storage.s3]
    ;bucket =
    ;region =
    ;path =
    ;access_key =
    ;secret_key =

    [external_image_storage.webdav]
    ;url =
    ;public_url =
    ;username =
    ;password =

    [external_image_storage.gcs]
    ;key_file =
    ;bucket =
    ;path =

    [external_image_storage.azure_blob]
    ;account_name =
    ;account_key =
    ;container_name =

    [external_image_storage.local]
    # does not require any configuration

kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: null
  name: grafana-etc
  namespace: monitoring

3.3、grafana-deployment

vi grafana-deployment.yaml
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: grafana-core
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    app: grafana
    component: core
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: grafana
        component: core
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: grafana/grafana
        name: grafana-core
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        # env:
        resources:
          # keep request = limit to keep this container in guaranteed class
          limits:
            cpu: 200m
            memory: 2048Mi
          requests:
            cpu: 200m
            memory: 2048Mi
        env:
          # The following env variables set up basic auth twith the default admin user and admin password.
          - name: GF_AUTH_BASIC_ENABLED
            value: "true"
          - name: GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ENABLED
            value: "false"
          # - name: GF_AUTH_ANONYMOUS_ORG_ROLE
          #   value: Admin
          # does not really work, because of template variables in exported dashboards:
          # - name: GF_DASHBOARDS_JSON_ENABLED
          #   value: "true"
        readinessProbe:
          httpGet:
            path: /login
            port: 3000
          # initialDelaySeconds: 30
          # timeoutSeconds: 1
        volumeMounts:
        - name: grafana-etc-volume
          mountPath: /etc/grafana/
        - name: grafana-settings
          mountPath: /var/lib/grafana
      volumes:
        - name: grafana-etc-volume
          configMap:
            name: grafana-etc
        - name: grafana-settings
          persistentVolumeClaim:
            claimName: grafana-pvc

3.4、grafana-service

vi grafana-service.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: grafana
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    app: grafana
    component: core
  annotations:
    prometheus.io/scrape: 'true'
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
    - port: 3000
      targetPort: 3000
      nodePort: 30091
      protocol: TCP
      name: webui
  selector:
    app: grafana
    component: core

3.5、grafana-Monitor

vi grafana-Monitor.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  name: grafana
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - interval: 15s
    port: webui
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: grafana

3.6 执行yaml 创建grafana 服务

kubectl apply -f .

3.7 查看 grafana 状态

[root@jenkins prometheus-monitor]# kubectl get service -n monitoring -o wide | grep grafana
grafana                   NodePort    10.64.76.72     <none>        3000:30091/TCP      53d   app=grafana,component=core
[root@jenkins prometheus-monitor]# kubectl get pod -n monitoring -o wide | grep grafana       
grafana-core-5cf845f6fb-z5xhq             1/1     Running   0          47h     10.65.3.165     nginx-2   <none>           <none>

3.8 打开grafana

http://10.64.76.72:3000
http://10.65.3.165:3000
或者Node ip 加端口30091 访问
配置 grafana  heapster 监控访问数据 InfluxDB
http://monitoring-influxdb.kube-system:8086
数据库名字k8s

基于 Kubernetes v1.14.0 之 prometheus与grafana 部署

4、导入grafana dashboards 文件

mkdir dashboards
cd dashboards
下载json 文件到此文件夹
我收集的一些 
https://github.com/qist/kubernetes-monitor/tree/master/prometheus/grafana/dashboards
kubectl create configmap "grafana-import-dashboards" --from-file=dashboards/ --namespace=monitoring

创建导入dashboards job

vi grafana-job.yaml
apiVersion: batch/v1
kind: Job
metadata:
  name: grafana-import-dashboards
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    app: grafana
    component: import-dashboards
spec:
  template:
    metadata:
      name: grafana-import-dashboards
      labels:
        app: grafana
        component: import-dashboards
      annotations:
        pod.beta.kubernetes.io/init-containers: '[
          {
            "name": "wait-for-endpoints",
            "image": "registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/nevermore/grafana-tiny-tools:v1",
            "imagePullPolicy": "IfNotPresent",
            "command": ["fish", "-c", "echo \"waiting for endpoints...\"; while true; set endpoints (curl -s --cacert /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt --header \"Authorization: Bearer \"(cat /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token) https://kubernetes.default.svc/api/v1/namespaces/monitoring/endpoints/grafana); echo $endpoints | jq \".\"; if test (echo $endpoints | jq -r \".subsets[]?.addresses // [] | length\") -gt 0; exit 0; end; echo \"waiting...\";sleep 1; end"],
            "args": ["monitoring", "grafana"]
          }
        ]'
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: prometheus-k8s
      containers:
      - name: grafana-import-dashboards
        image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/nevermore/grafana-tiny-tools:v1
        command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
        workingDir: /opt/grafana-import-dashboards
        args:
          - >
            for file in *-datasource.json ; do
              if [ -e "$file" ] ; then
                echo "importing $file" &&
                curl --silent --fail --show-error \
                  --request POST http://admin:admin@grafana:3000/api/datasources \
                  --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
                  --data-binary "@$file" ;
                echo "" ;
              fi
            done ;
            for file in *-dashboard.json ; do
              if [ -e "$file" ] ; then
                echo "importing $file" &&
                ( echo '{"dashboard":'; \
                  cat "$file"; \
                  echo ',"overwrite":true,"inputs":[{"name":"DS_PROMETHEUS","type":"datasource","pluginId":"prometheus","value":"prometheus"}]}' ) \
                | jq -c '.' \
                | curl --silent --fail --show-error \
                  --request POST http://admin:admin@grafana:3000/api/dashboards/import \
                  --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
                  --data-binary "@-" ;
                echo "" ;
              fi
            done
        volumeMounts:
        - name: config-volume
          mountPath: /opt/grafana-import-dashboards
      restartPolicy: Never
      volumes:
      - name: config-volume
        configMap:
          name: grafana-import-dashboards

创建job,导入dashboard等数据

 kubectl apply -f grafana-job.yaml

等待job 执行完成
打开grafana
查看Prometheus 数据库是否配置成功
界面是否有dashboards
基于 Kubernetes v1.14.0 之 prometheus与grafana 部署
如果有这样的数据证明就上传成功
Kubernetes 有些展示可能还有一些问题 state-metrics 还没 部署完成下一篇部署完成展示就会正常
下一篇: Kubernetes 生产环境安装部署 基于 Kubernetes v1.14.0 之 kube-state-metrics 部署