安装

不是所有版本都能安装成功的

% brew install mysql@5.6
Warning: mysql@5.6 has been deprecated because it is not supported upstream!
Error: mysql@5.6: no bottle available!
You can try to install from source with:
  brew install --build-from-source mysql@5.6
Please note building from source is unsupported. You will encounter build
failures with some formulae. If you experience any issues please create pull
requests instead of asking for help on Homebrew's GitHub, Twitter or any other
official channels.
% brew install mysql@5.7
Warning: mysql@5.7 5.7.34 is already installed and up-to-date.
To reinstall 5.7.34, run:
  brew reinstall mysql@5.7

mysql5.7的版本就可以安装成功。

配置环境变量

# 终端
echo 'export PATH="/opt/homebrew/opt/mysql@5.7/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.zshrc
 
# 刷新 ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

查看版本

% mysql --version
mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.7.34, for osx10.16 (x86_64) using  EditLine wrapper

mysql 常用命令

mysql.server start  # 启动mysql

mysql.server stop # 停止mysql

mysql.server restart # 重启mysql

设置初始密码

% mysql -uroot -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.34 Homebrew

Copyright (c) 2000, 2021, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> 
set password for 'root'@'localhost'=password('123456');

查看mysql进程

% ps -ef | grep mysql
  501  4692     1   0  1:47下午 ttys000    0:00.02 /bin/sh /opt/homebrew/Cellar/mysql@5.7/5.7.34/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/opt/homebrew/var/mysql --pid-file=/opt/homebrew/var/mysql/jiqingdeMBP.pid
  501  4792  4692   0  1:47下午 ttys000    0:00.25 /opt/homebrew/Cellar/mysql@5.7/5.7.34/bin/mysqld --basedir=/opt/homebrew/Cellar/mysql@5.7/5.7.34 --datadir=/opt/homebrew/var/mysql --plugin-dir=/opt/homebrew/Cellar/mysql@5.7/5.7.34/lib/plugin --log-error=jiqingdeMBP.err --pid-file=/opt/homebrew/var/mysql/jiqingdeMBP.pid
  501  4815   682   0  1:52下午 ttys000    0:00.00 grep mysql
  501  4813  4802   0  1:52下午 ttys001    0:00.02 mysql -uroot -p