# 1、列表定义

``names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"] #列表存储，类似数组``

# 2、列表的操作

## （1）切片

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"] #列表存储，类似数组
print(names[1],names[3]) #取值，1、3代表下标，从左到右的位置

Guyun Xuliangchen

print(names[1:3]) #切片,顾头不顾尾取[1]、[2]的值
print(names[0:3]) #切片
print(names[:3]) #等同于0:3，从下标0到3
print(names[-1]) #切片,取倒数第一个值
print(names[-2]) #取倒数第二个值
print(names[-2:]) #取最后两个值``````

## （2）增加--append：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names.append("LeiHaidong") #追加到最后
print(names)

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen', 'LeiHaidong']``````

## （3）修改--insert：

``````names.insert(1,"Chenronghua")  #数据插入，插在哪个位置前面就写这个元素的下标,如插在Guyun前面
names.insert(3,"Xinzhiyu") #插在Guyun后面
print(names)

['ZhangYang', 'Chenronghua', 'Guyun', 'Xinzhiyu', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen', 'LeiHaidong']``````

## （4）查询--index：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
print(names)
print(names.index("Xiangpeng")) #查出Xiangpeng的位置
print(names[names.index("Xiangpeng")]) #获取下标内容

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
2
Xiangpeng``````

## （5）统计--count：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
print("count-->",names.count("ZhangYang"))

count--> 1``````

## （6）反转--reverse:

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names.reverse()
print(names)

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
reverse--> ['Xuliangchen', 'Xiangpeng', 'Guyun', 'ZhangYang']``````

## （7）扩展--extend：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names2 = [1,2,3,4]
print(names)
names.extend(names2)
print("extend-->",names)

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
extend--> ['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen', 1, 2, 3, 4]``````

## （8）排序--sort：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names.sort()
print(names)

['Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen', 'ZhangYang']``````

## （9）清除--clear：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names.clear()
print(names)

[]``````

## （10）复制--copy：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun","Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names2 = names.copy()
print(names)
print(names2)
names[1] = "古云"  #更改Guyun,可以看到names2中并没有修改
print("names-->",names)
print("names2-->",names2)

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
names--> ['ZhangYang', '古云', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
names2--> ['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']``````

## （11）列表嵌套复制--copy.deepcopy：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun",["alex","jack"],"Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
names2 = names.copy()
print(names)
print(names2)
names[1] = "古云"
names[2][0] = "ALEX" #更改列表中的alex为ALEX,可以看到names2中也相应更改
print("names-->",names)
print("names2-->",names2)

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', ['alex', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', ['alex', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
names--> ['ZhangYang', '古云', ['ALEX', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
names2--> ['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', ['ALEX', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']

★★★★注意：这里的的copy只会拷贝第一层，列表中包含列表，其中列表是指向存放列表的内存地址，所以在更改列表中的元素时，拷贝的部分也会相应地更改。

import copy
names2 = copy.deepcopy(names)
print(names)
print(names2)
names[1] = "古云"
names[2][0] = "ALEX"
print("names-->",names)
print("names2-->",names2)

['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', ['alex', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', ['alex', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
names--> ['ZhangYang', '古云', ['ALEX', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']
names2--> ['ZhangYang', 'Guyun', ['alex', 'jack'], 'Xiangpeng', 'Xuliangchen']

## （12）for循环列表：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun",["alex","jack"],"Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
for i in names:
print(i)

ZhangYang
Guyun
['alex', 'jack']
Xiangpeng
Xuliangchen``````

## （13）步长切片：

``````names = ["ZhangYang","Guyun",["alex","jack"],"Xiangpeng","Xuliangchen"]
print(names[0:-1:2]) #打印第一个到最后一个，步长为2

['ZhangYang', ['alex', 'jack']]``````

# 3、程序练习

``````#!/usr/bin/python
# _*_ coding:utf-8 _*_
# Aothr: Kim

goods_list = [
['Iphone',5800],
['Mac pro',9800],
['Bike',800],
['Watch',10600],
['Coffee',31],
['Alex Python',120]
]
shopping_list = [] #此列表为空当做购物车使用
if salary.isdigit():
salary = int(salary)
while True:
for index,item in enumerate(goods_list): #enumerate可以取出列表的下标和内容
print(index,item)
user_choice = input("请选择你需要的商品编号：")
if user_choice.isdigit():
user_choice = int(user_choice)
if user_choice < len(goods_list) and user_choice >= 0: #len可以取出列表的长度
g_item = goods_list[user_choice]
if g_item[1] <= salary:
shopping_list.append(g_item)
salary -= g_item[1]
print("已成功添加商品%s到购物车，当前余额为\033[31;1m%s\033[0m" % (g_item, salary))
else:
print("您的余额为%s，无法购买此商品，请充值！"%salary)
else:
print("您的选择的商品编号%s有误，请重新选择:"%user_choice)
elif user_choice == 'q':
print('------goods list------')
for p in shopping_list:
print(p)
print("您当前余额为%s"%salary)
exit()
else:
print("您的输入有误，请输入正确的商品编号！")``````