缘起

最近某个5节点es集群发现其中1个主节点(被选中master)cpu负载很高,其中3节点master角色,所有节点默认data角色,初步操作重启这个主节点,使其角色变更减少压力,发现不起作用。
后来使用Cerebro分析发现其中有个geo_infomation信息索引只有一个分片,且大小超过20G,默认单分片在SSD盘中大小最好不超过20G,HDD盘中大小最好不超过10G时性能最佳,这里分片不均衡导致集群压力分配不均。
所以现在需要改变geo_information的索引分片信息,由于不可变更已经生成索引的分片信息,所以只能新建一个索引(默认5分片),然后迁移索引mapping和data数据,这里使用elasticsearch-dump实现。

[root@VM-88-87-centos bin]# curl 192.168.88.87:9200/_cat/nodes
192.168.88.39  27 88  4  0.33  0.30  0.26 dim - es-39
192.168.88.135 72 99 99 18.33 18.52 18.45 di  - es-135
192.168.88.40  32 99 98 21.67 21.03 20.73 dim - es-40
192.168.88.33  49 94  3  0.41  0.34  0.27 dim * es-33
192.168.88.87  35 95  0  0.01  0.04  0.08 di  - es-87

操作步骤

1、安装node环境

[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# wget https://cdn.npm.taobao.org/dist/node/v14.12.0/node-v14.12.0-linux-x64.tar.xz
[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# xz -d node-v14.12.0-linux-x64.tar.xz 
[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# tar -xvf node-v14.12.0-linux-x64.tar -C /usr/local/
[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# cd /usr/local/
[root@VM-88-87-centos local]# ln -s node-v14.12.0-linux-x64 node
[root@VM-88-87-centos local]# vim /etc/profile
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/jdk
export CLASSPATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/jre/lib/rt.jar:${JAVA_HOME}/lib/dt.jar:${JAVA_HOME}/lib/tools.jar
export NODE_HOME=/usr/local/node
export NODE_PATH=$NODE_HOME/lib/node_modules
export PATH=$PATH:${JAVA_HOME}/bin:$NODE_HOME/bin
[root@VM-88-87-centos local]# source /etc/profile
[root@VM-88-87-centos local]# node -v
v14.12.0
[root@VM-88-87-centos local]# npm -v
6.14.8

2、安装elasticsearch-dump

[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# wget https://codeload.github.com/elasticsearch-dump/elasticsearch-dump/tar.gz/v6.33.4
[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# tar zxvf v6.33.4
[root@VM-88-87-centos ~]# cd elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/
[root@VM-88-87-centos elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4]# ls
bin                             Dockerfile       LICENSE.txt   test
docker-compose-test-helper.yml  elasticdump.jpg  node_modules  transforms
docker-compose.yml              elasticdump.js   package.json
docker-entrypoint.sh            lib              README.md
[root@VM-88-87-centos elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4]# cd bin/

依次安装依赖
p-queue delay ini s3urls lodash requestretry request lossless-json big.js aws4 aws-sdk async socks5-http-client socks5-https-client bytes JSONStream s3-stream-upload http-status

[root@VM-88-87-centos bin]# ./elasticdump --input=http://192.168.88.87:9200/geo_information --output=http://192.168.88.87:9200/geo_information_new --type=mapping
internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:896
  throw err;
  ^

Error: Cannot find module 'p-queue'
Require stack:
- /root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/lib/processor.js
- /root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/elasticdump.js
- /root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/bin/elasticdump
    at Function.Module._resolveFilename (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:893:15)
    at Function.Module._load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:743:27)
    at Module.require (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:965:19)
    at require (internal/modules/cjs/helpers.js:88:18)
    at Object.<anonymous> (/root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/lib/processor.js:2:29)
    at Module._compile (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:1076:30)
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:1097:10)
    at Module.load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:941:32)
    at Function.Module._load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:782:14)
    at Module.require (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:965:19) {
  code: 'MODULE_NOT_FOUND',
  requireStack: [
    '/root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/lib/processor.js',
    '/root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/elasticdump.js',
    '/root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4/bin/elasticdump'
  ]
}

[root@VM-88-87-centos bin]# npm install p-queue
npm notice created a lockfile as package-lock.json. You should commit this file.
+ p-queue@6.6.1
added 4 packages from 2 contributors and audited 5 packages in 5.154s

1 package is looking for funding
  run `npm fund` for details

found 0 vulnerabilities

最终npm模块依赖如下

[root@VM-88-87-centos bin]# npm list
elasticdump@6.33.4 /root/elasticsearch-dump-6.33.4
├─┬ async@2.6.3
│ └── lodash@4.17.20 deduped
├─┬ aws-sdk@2.761.0
│ ├─┬ buffer@4.9.2
│ │ ├── base64-js@1.3.1
│ │ ├── ieee754@1.1.13 deduped
│ │ └── isarray@1.0.0
│ ├── events@1.1.1
│ ├── ieee754@1.1.13
│ ├── jmespath@0.15.0
│ ├── querystring@0.2.0
│ ├── sax@1.2.1
│ ├─┬ url@0.10.3
│ │ ├── punycode@1.3.2
│ │ └── querystring@0.2.0 deduped
│ ├── uuid@3.3.2
│ └─┬ xml2js@0.4.19
│   ├── sax@1.2.1 deduped
│   └── xmlbuilder@9.0.7
├── aws4@1.10.1
├── big.js@5.2.2
├── bytes@3.1.0
├── delay@4.4.0
├── http-status@1.4.2
├── ini@1.3.5
├─┬ JSONStream@1.3.5
│ ├── jsonparse@1.3.1
│ └── through@2.3.8
├── lodash@4.17.20
├── lossless-json@1.0.4
├── minimist@1.2.5
├─┬ p-queue@6.6.1
│ ├── eventemitter3@4.0.7
│ └─┬ p-timeout@3.2.0
│   └── p-finally@1.0.0
├─┬ request@2.88.2
│ ├── aws-sign2@0.7.0
│ ├── aws4@1.10.1
│ ├── caseless@0.12.0
│ ├─┬ combined-stream@1.0.8
│ │ └── delayed-stream@1.0.0
│ ├── extend@3.0.2
│ ├── forever-agent@0.6.1
│ ├─┬ form-data@2.3.3
│ │ ├── asynckit@0.4.0
│ │ ├── combined-stream@1.0.8 deduped
│ │ └── mime-types@2.1.27 deduped
│ ├─┬ har-validator@5.1.5
│ │ ├─┬ ajv@6.12.5
│ │ │ ├── fast-deep-equal@3.1.3
│ │ │ ├── fast-json-stable-stringify@2.1.0
│ │ │ ├── json-schema-traverse@0.4.1
│ │ │ └─┬ uri-js@4.4.0
│ │ │   └── punycode@2.1.1
│ │ └── har-schema@2.0.0
│ ├─┬ http-signature@1.2.0
│ │ ├── assert-plus@1.0.0
│ │ ├─┬ jsprim@1.4.1
│ │ │ ├── assert-plus@1.0.0 deduped
│ │ │ ├── extsprintf@1.3.0
│ │ │ ├── json-schema@0.2.3
│ │ │ └─┬ verror@1.10.0
│ │ │   ├── assert-plus@1.0.0 deduped
│ │ │   ├── core-util-is@1.0.2 deduped
│ │ │   └── extsprintf@1.3.0 deduped
│ │ └─┬ sshpk@1.16.1
│ │   ├─┬ asn1@0.2.4
│ │   │ └── safer-buffer@2.1.2 deduped
│ │   ├── assert-plus@1.0.0 deduped
│ │   ├─┬ bcrypt-pbkdf@1.0.2
│ │   │ └── tweetnacl@0.14.5 deduped
│ │   ├─┬ dashdash@1.14.1
│ │   │ └── assert-plus@1.0.0 deduped
│ │   ├─┬ ecc-jsbn@0.1.2
│ │   │ ├── jsbn@0.1.1 deduped
│ │   │ └── safer-buffer@2.1.2 deduped
│ │   ├─┬ getpass@0.1.7
│ │   │ └── assert-plus@1.0.0 deduped
│ │   ├── jsbn@0.1.1
│ │   ├── safer-buffer@2.1.2
│ │   └── tweetnacl@0.14.5
│ ├── is-typedarray@1.0.0
│ ├── isstream@0.1.2
│ ├── json-stringify-safe@5.0.1
│ ├─┬ mime-types@2.1.27
│ │ └── mime-db@1.44.0
│ ├── oauth-sign@0.9.0
│ ├── performance-now@2.1.0
│ ├── qs@6.5.2
│ ├── safe-buffer@5.2.1
│ ├─┬ tough-cookie@2.5.0
│ │ ├── psl@1.8.0
│ │ └── punycode@2.1.1
│ ├─┬ tunnel-agent@0.6.0
│ │ └── safe-buffer@5.2.1 deduped
│ └── uuid@3.3.2 deduped
├─┬ requestretry@4.1.1
│ ├── extend@3.0.2 deduped
│ ├── lodash@4.17.20 deduped
│ └── when@3.7.8
├─┬ s3-stream-upload@2.0.2
│ ├── buffer-queue@1.0.0
│ └─┬ readable-stream@2.3.7
│   ├── core-util-is@1.0.2
│   ├── inherits@2.0.4
│   ├── isarray@1.0.0 deduped
│   ├── process-nextick-args@2.0.1
│   ├── safe-buffer@5.1.2
│   ├─┬ string_decoder@1.1.1
│   │ └── safe-buffer@5.1.2
│   └── util-deprecate@1.0.2
├─┬ s3urls@1.5.2
│ ├── minimist@1.2.5 deduped
│ └─┬ s3signed@0.1.0
│   └─┬ aws-sdk@2.761.0
│     ├── buffer@4.9.2 deduped
│     ├── events@1.1.1 deduped
│     ├── ieee754@1.1.13 deduped
│     ├── jmespath@0.15.0 deduped
│     ├── querystring@0.2.0 deduped
│     ├── sax@1.2.1 deduped
│     ├── url@0.10.3 deduped
│     ├── uuid@3.3.2 deduped
│     └── xml2js@0.4.19 deduped
├─┬ socks5-http-client@1.0.4
│ └─┬ socks5-client@1.2.8
│   └─┬ ip-address@6.1.0
│     ├── jsbn@1.1.0
│     ├── lodash@4.17.20 deduped
│     └── sprintf-js@1.1.2
└─┬ socks5-https-client@1.2.1
  └── socks5-client@1.2.8 deduped

3、数据迁移
由于setting里面的index分片信息是不同的,所以新index默认创建即可,不需要迁移setting配置
mapping迁移

[root@VM-88-87-centos bin]# ./elasticdump --input=http://192.168.88.87:9200/geo_information --output=http://192.168.88.87:9200/geo_information_new --type=mapping
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 02:45:24 GMT | starting dump
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 02:45:24 GMT | got 1 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 0)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 02:45:25 GMT | sent 1 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 1
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 02:45:25 GMT | got 0 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 1)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 02:45:25 GMT | Total Writes: 1
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 02:45:25 GMT | dump complete

data迁移
20G数据大概用了1小时

[root@VM-88-87-centos bin]#  ./elasticdump --input=http://192.168.88.87:9200/geo_information --output=http://192.168.88.87:9200/geo_information_new --limit 10000  --type=data
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:22 GMT | starting dump
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:22 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 0)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:24 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:25 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 10000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:26 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:27 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 20000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:28 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:28 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 30000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:30 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:30 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 40000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:32 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:32 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 50000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:33 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:34 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 60000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:35 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:36 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 70000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:37 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:38 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 80000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 06:19:39 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
.....
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:47 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:48 GMT | got 10000 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 19980000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:49 GMT | sent 10000 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 10000
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:50 GMT | got 6094 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 19990000)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:50 GMT | sent 6094 objects to destination elasticsearch, wrote 6094
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:50 GMT | got 0 objects from source elasticsearch (offset: 19996094)
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:50 GMT | Total Writes: 19996094
Sun, 27 Sep 2020 07:21:50 GMT | dump complete

后续

es虽然支持横向扩容缩容及配置纵向扩减配,但是有些信息还是需要开始设计时安排合理,比如mapping、index分片、主节点信息、冷热、集群规模等。否则后续变更起来很麻烦。