前言

当你的内网中存在大量打印机,并且你想由用户自主选择需要安装哪些打印机,可以参考本篇,通过Powershell脚本来实现带GUI界面的安装网络打印机驱动程序。


完整脚本

#region Load Pre-req

Add-Type -AssemblyName PresentationFramework
Add-Type -AssemblyName System.Windows.Forms

#endregion
#======================================

#======================================
#region VisualStudio XAML
$InputXML = @"
<Window x:Name="MainForm" x:Class="Install_Printer.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
        xmlns:local="clr-namespace:Install_Printer"
        mc:Ignorable="d"
        Height="560" Width="755" Topmost="True" ResizeMode="NoResize" WindowStartupLocation="CenterScreen" UseLayoutRounding="True" Title="Add Printer">
    <Grid Margin="0,0,0,1" UseLayoutRounding="True">
        <Button x:Name="AddPrinter" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="150" Margin="565,60,0,0" Height="30" FontWeight="Bold" UseLayoutRounding="True">
            <Button.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="2" ShadowDepth="2" Opacity="0.6"/>
            </Button.Effect>
        </Button>
        <Button x:Name="RemovePrinter" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="150" Margin="565,360,0,0" Height="30" FontWeight="Bold" UseLayoutRounding="True">
            <Button.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="2" ShadowDepth="2" Opacity="0.6"/>
            </Button.Effect>
        </Button>
        <Button x:Name="SetStdPrinter" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="150" Margin="565,300,0,0" Height="30" FontWeight="Bold" UseLayoutRounding="True">
            <Button.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="2" ShadowDepth="2" Opacity="0.6"/>
            </Button.Effect>
        </Button>
        <Button x:Name="PrintTestpage" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="150" Margin="565,420,0,0" Height="30" FontWeight="Bold" UseLayoutRounding="True">
            <Button.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="2" ShadowDepth="2" Opacity="0.6"/>
            </Button.Effect>
        </Button>
        <Button x:Name="UpdateList" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="150" Margin="565,120,0,0" Height="30" FontWeight="Bold" UseLayoutRounding="True">
            <Button.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="2" ShadowDepth="2" Opacity="0.6"/>
            </Button.Effect>
        </Button>
        <TextBox x:Name="ServiceDeskText" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="23" TextWrapping="Wrap" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="405" Margin="10,498,0,0" FontStyle="Italic" BorderThickness="0" IsReadOnly="True"/>
        <Button x:Name="MailTo" HorizontalAlignment="Left" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="166" Margin="414,497,0,0" Background="White" BorderBrush="Black" FontStyle="Italic" BorderThickness="0" FontWeight="Bold" HorizontalContentAlignment="Left"/>
        <TextBox x:Name="AvailablePrintersText" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="23" TextWrapping="Wrap" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="530" Margin="10,11,0,0" BorderThickness="0" IsReadOnly="True"/>
        <ListView x:Name="PrinterBox" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="186" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="525" Margin="10,39,0,0" SelectionMode="Single" Background="#FFFBFBFB" UseLayoutRounding="True" ClipToBounds="True" BorderThickness="1">
            <ListView.Effect>
                <DropShadowEffect BlurRadius="1" Opacity="0.6" ShadowDepth="1"/>
            </ListView.Effect>
            <ListView.View>
                <GridView AllowsColumnReorder="False">
                    <GridViewColumn Header="Name" DisplayMemberBinding ="{Binding 'Name'}" Width="260"/>
                    <GridViewColumn Header="Status" DisplayMemberBinding ="{Binding 'PrinterStatus'}" Width="70"/>
                    <GridViewColumn Header="Server" DisplayMemberBinding ="{Binding 'ComputerName'}" Width="95"/>
                    <GridViewColumn Header="Location" DisplayMemberBinding ="{Binding 'Location'}" Width="460"/>
                </GridView>
            </ListView.View>
        </ListView>
        <TextBox x:Name="AddedPrintersText" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="23" TextWrapping="Wrap" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="525" Margin="10,257,0,0" BorderThickness="0" IsReadOnly="True"/>
        <ListView x:Name="AddedPrintersBox" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="190" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="525" Margin="10,285,0,0" SelectionMode="Single" Background="#FFFBFBFB" UseLayoutRounding="True" BorderThickness="1" ClipToBounds="True">
            <ListView.View>
                <GridView AllowsColumnReorder="False">
                    <GridViewColumn Header="Name" DisplayMemberBinding ="{Binding 'Name'}" Width="335"/>
                    <GridViewColumn Header="Status" DisplayMemberBinding ="{Binding 'PrinterStatus'}" Width="70"/>
                </GridView>
            </ListView.View>
        </ListView>
    </Grid>
</Window>
"@

$inputXML = $inputXML -replace '\s{1}[\w\d_-]+="{x:Null}"', ''
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace 'mc:Ignorable="d"', '' -replace "x:N", 'N' -replace '^<Win.*', '<Window'
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace 'TextChanged="[\w\d-]+\w"', ''
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace 'SelectionChanged="[\w\d-]+\w"', ''
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace ' Selected="[\w\d-]+\w"', ''
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace ' Click="[\w\d-]+"', ''
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace 'Checked="CheckBox_Checked" ', ''
$inputXML = $inputXML -replace 'Checked="RadioButton_Checked" ', ''

[xml]$xaml = $inputXML
$reader = (New-Object System.Xml.XmlNodeReader $xaml)
try
{
    $Form = [Windows.Markup.XamlReader]::Load($reader)
}
catch
{
    Write-Warning $_.Exception
    throw
}

$xaml.SelectNodes("//*[@Name]") | ForEach-Object {
    try
    {
        Set-Variable -Name "WPF$($_.Name)" -Value $Form.FindName($_.Name) -ErrorAction Stop
    }
    catch { throw }
}
#endregion VS XAML
#======================================

#======================================
#region Load XAML Objects In PowerShell
Function Get-FormVariables
{
    if ($global:ReadmeDisplay -ne $true) { Write-host "If you need to reference this display again, run Get-FormVariables" -ForegroundColor Yellow; $global:ReadmeDisplay = $true }
    write-host "Found the following interactable elements from our form" -ForegroundColor Cyan
    get-variable WPF*
}

Get-FormVariables
#endregion Load XAML Objects In PowerShell
#======================================

#======================================
#region Standard Parameters

# Set Printserver eg "Printserver01","Printserver02"
    $PrintServers = @(
        "bj-printer"
    )

# Set TextBox text
    $WPFAvailablePrintersText.Text = 'Available Printers'
    $WPFAddedPrintersText.Text = 'Installed Printers'
    $WPFServiceDeskText.text = 'Need help? Call Servicedesk on 010-1688888 or MailTo'

# MailTo
    $WPFMailto.Content = 'ITServiceDesk@ITPro.com'
    $WPFMailto.add_Click({ [system.Diagnostics.Process]::start("mailto:MailAdress") })    

# Set Button Text
    $WPFAddPrinter.Content = 'Add Printer'
    $WPFSetStdPrinter.Content = 'Set as standard printer'
    $WPFRemovePrinter.Content = 'Remove printer'
    $WPFPrintTestPage.Content = 'Print testpage'
    $WPFUpdateList.Content = 'Update List'

#Protected Printers
    $ProtectedPrinters = (
    "Fax",
    "Microsoft XPS Document Writer",
    "Microsoft Print to PDF"
    )

#endregion
#======================================

#======================================
#region Available Printers

# Get Available printers.

$Printers = ForEach($PrintServer in $PrintServers){
Get-Printer -ComputerName $PrintServer | Sort-Object
}
$WPFPrinterBox.ItemsSource = $Printers

# Install selected printer
$WPFAddPrinter.Add_Click({
        $PrinterName = $WPFPrinterBox.SelectedItem.name
        $Printserver = $WPFPrinterBox.SelectedItem.ComputerName
            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("$PrinterName will be added to your computer", 'Add Printer', 'YesNo')
                Switch ($msgBoxInput){
                    'Yes'{ 
                        try{
                            Add-Printer -ConnectionName \\$Printserver\$PrinterName -EA Stop
                            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("$PrinterName has been added to your computer", 'Add Printer', 'OK')
                            }
                        catch{
                            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("$PrinterName Could not be added.", 'Add Printer', 'OK')
                            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("$_.", 'Add Printer', 'OK')
                            return
                            }
                        }
                    }
        $WPFAddedPrintersBox.Clear()
        $WPFAddedPrintersBox.ItemsSource = Get-Printer | Sort-Object       
})

#Update list
$WPFUpdateList.Add_click({
        Get-WmiObject Win32_LogonSession | Where-Object { $_.AuthenticationPackage -eq 'Kerberos' } | ForEach-Object { klist.exe purge }
        Invoke-Command{
            $cmd1 = "cmd.exe"
            $arg1 = "/c"
            $arg2 = "gpupdate /target:user /force /wait:0"
            &$cmd1 $arg1 $arg2
        }

        $WPFPrinterBox.Clear()
    try{
        $Printers = ForEach ($PrintServer in $PrintServers){
            Get-Printer -ComputerName $PrintServer | Sort-Object
        }
        }
    Catch{
        $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("Could not update printer list, check printer server connection.", 'Update list', 'OK')
        return
        }
        $WPFAddedPrintersBox.Clear()
        $WPFAddedPrintersBox.ItemsSource = Get-Printer | Sort-Object
    })

#endregion Availabel Printers
#======================================

#======================================
#region Added Printers

# Get Added printers
$WPFAddedPrintersBox.ItemsSource = Get-Printer | Sort-Object

# Set selected printer as standard
$WPFSetStdPrinter.Add_Click({
        $StdPrinter = $WPFAddedPrintersBox.SelectedItem.Name
            $StdPrinterServer = $WPFAddedPrintersBox.SelectedItem.ComputerName
                $SetStdPrinter = $StdPrinter -Replace [RegEx]::Escape("\\$StdPrinterServer\")
                    $printer = Get-CimInstance -Class Win32_Printer -Filter "ShareName='$SetStdPrinter'"
                        Invoke-CimMethod -InputObject $printer -MethodName SetDefaultPrinter
                            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("$StdPrinter is now set as the standard printer", 'Standard printer', 'OK')
                                Switch ($msgBoxInput){
                                    'OK'{}
                                }
    })

# Remove selected printer
$WPFRemovePrinter.Add_Click({
        $PrintName = $WPFAddedPrintersBox.SelectedItem.Name
                If ($PrintName -notin $ProtectedPrinters)
        {
            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("Are you sure you want to remove $PrintName", 'Remove Printer', 'YesNo')
            Switch ($msgBoxInput)
            {
                'yes'{
                    Try
                    {
                        $PrintRemove = Get-Printer -name $PrintName
                        Remove-Printer -InputObject $PrintRemove -EA Stop
                    }
                    Catch
                    {
                        $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("Could not remove printer", 'Remove printer', 'OK')
                        $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("$_", 'Remove Printer', 'OK')
                        return
                    }
                    $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("Printer Removed", 'Remove printer', 'OK')
                }
            }
            $WPFAddedPrintersBox.Clear()
            $WPFAddedPrintersBox.ItemsSource = Get-Printer | Sort-Object
        }
        else
        {
            $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("This printer can not be removed", 'Remove printer', 'OK')
        }
    })

#Print Test Page
$WPFPrintTestPage.Add_Click({
        $PrintName = $WPFAddedPrintersBox.SelectedItem.Name
            $PrinterInstance = [wmi]"\\.\root\cimv2:Win32_Printer.DeviceID='$PrintName'"
                $PrinterInstance.PrintTestPage()
                    $msgBoxInput = [System.Windows.MessageBox]::Show("Testpage has been sent to $PrintName", 'Print testpage', 'OK')

})

#endregion Added Printers
#======================================

# Load Form
[void]$Form.ShowDialog()

效果图:

使用Powershell添加网络打印机(带GUI界面)


使用说明

  • GUI界面大小、样式调整:参考修改 11-73行 xml样式文件;
  • 定义打印服务器地址:124行
  • 定义底部联系方式及按钮显示文字:127-141行

Enjoy~ ::twemoji:smile::