配置用service 启动tomcat
在用redhat最为服务器的操作系统的时,一般情况下用service启动及其关闭服务,为了让我们自己用着习惯,所以就配置了用service 启动和关闭tomcat服务,当然在这里我是用配置tomcat环境,进行配置该项服务的,如果您要是配置该项服务,请您自己动手配置一下tomcat服务,在这里就略过
1创建tomcat用户
  #useradd  -s  /sbin/nologin  tomcat
2 进入/usr/local/tomcat/bin目录下面
#cd /usr/local/tomcat/bin
3 解压jsvc.tar.gz 文件并进入该目录
#tar xvf  jsvc.tar.gz 
#cd  jsvc-src
#bash  configure
 #make
在该目录下面生成jsvc,并把该文件复制到上一级目录中去
#cp  jsvc ../
4并把/usr/local/tomcat 的用户及其组全部修改为tomcat
#chown  -R tomcat.tomcat /usr/local/tomcat
 #cd  native
 5 查找脚本文件Tomcat5.sh 并把该文件复制到/etc/init.d/ ,并改名为tomcat
    #cp Tomcat5.sh  /etc/init.d/tomcat
  修改权限
 #chmod  755 –R /etc/init.d/tomcat
 
6修改/etc/init.d/tomcat
注:红色的部分为修改部分
 
#!/bin/sh
##############################################################################
#
#   Copyright 2004 The Apache Software Foundation.
#
#   Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
#   you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
#   You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
#   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
#   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
#   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
#   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
#   limitations under the License.
##############################################################################
#
# Small shell script to show how to start/stop Tomcat using jsvc
# If you want to have Tomcat running on port 80 please modify the server.xml
# file:
#
#    <!-- Define a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 80 -->
#    <Connector className="org.apache.catalina.connector.http.HttpConnector"
#               port="80" minProcessors="5" maxProcessors="75"
#               enableLookups="true" redirectPort="8443"
#               acceptCount="10" debug="0" connectionTimeout="60000"/>
#
# That is for Tomcat-5.0.x (Apache Tomcat/5.0)
#description:this is tomcat start script
#chkconfig: 345 88 14
#
# Adapt the following lines to your configuration
JAVA_HOME=/usr/java
CATALINA_HOME=/usr/local/tomcat
DAEMON_HOME=/usr/local/tomcat/bin
TOMCAT_USER=tomcat

# for multi instances adapt those lines.
TMP_DIR=/var/tmp
PID_FILE=/var/run/jsvc.pid
CATALINA_BASE=/usr/local/tomcat/

CATALINA_OPTS="-Djava.library.path=/home/jfclere/jakarta-tomcat-connectors/jni/native/.libs"
CLASSPATH=\
$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar:\
$CATALINA_HOME/bin/commons-daemon.jar:\
$CATALINA_HOME/bin/bootstrap.jar

case "$1" in
  start)
    #
    # Start Tomcat
    #
    $DAEMON_HOME/jsvc \
    -user $TOMCAT_USER \
    -home $JAVA_HOME \
    -Dcatalina.home=$CATALINA_HOME \
    -Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE \
    -Djava.io.tmpdir=$TMP_DIR \
    -wait 10 \
    -pidfile $PID_FILE \
    -outfile $CATALINA_HOME/logs/catalina.out \
    -errfile '&1' \
    $CATALINA_OPTS \
    -cp $CLASSPATH \
    org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap
    #
    # To get a verbose JVM
    #-verbose \
    # To get a debug of jsvc.
    #-debug \
    exit $?
    ;;

  stop)
    #
    # Stop Tomcat
    #
    $DAEMON_HOME/jsvc \
    -stop \
    -pidfile $PID_FILE \
    org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap
    exit $?
    ;;

  *)
    echo "Usage tomcat.sh start/stop"
    exit 1;;
esac
 
7 tomcat添加到自动启动列队中
     #chkconfig  --add  tomcat
     #chkconfig  tomcat  on
 
8 验证service 启动和关闭tomcat服务,验证的时查看对应的端口号
    #service tomcat start
    #netstat  -tunlp
#service tomcat stop
#netstat  -tunlp
#service tomcat start
9在浏览器中输入
 http://localhost