磁盘不够使用,添加新的硬盘,或者扩容当前磁盘

1、子机的当前磁盘状态

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母机中查看该系统

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[root@bogon ~]# qemu-img resize /caimz/caimz2.img  +5G
Image resized.
[root@bogon ~]# qemu-img info /caimz/caimz2.img
p_w_picpath: /caimz/caimz2.img
file format: raw
virtual size: 35G (37580963840 bytes)
disk size: 30G

[root@bogon ~]# virsh start caimz2 --console
error: Domain is already active

[root@bogon ~]#
[root@bogon ~]# virsh start caimz2 --console
error: Domain is already active

wKiom1YiXGbRp6zjAAKVR0L0mWs869.jpg


操作步骤:

[root@localhost ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/vda: 37.6 GB, 37580963840 bytes
16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 72817 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0004583c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/vda1   *           3        1018      512000   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda2            1018       62416    30944256   8e  Linux LVM
Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.

Disk /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root: 30.6 GB, 30610030592 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 3721 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_swap: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

[root@localhost ~]# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root
                       28G  720M   26G   3% /
tmpfs                 250M     0  250M   0% /dev/shm
/dev/vda1             477M   31M  421M   7% /boot
[root@localhost ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/vda: 37.6 GB, 37580963840 bytes
16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 72817 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0004583c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/vda1   *           3        1018      512000   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda2            1018       62416    30944256   8e  Linux LVM
Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.

Disk /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root: 30.6 GB, 30610030592 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 3721 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_swap: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

[root@localhost ~]# fdisk /dev/vda

WARNING: DOS-compatible mode is deprecated. It's strongly recommended to
         switch off the mode (command 'c') and change display units to
         sectors (command 'u').

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 3
First cylinder (1-72817, default 1): 62417
Last cylinder, +cylinders or +size{K,M,G} (62416-72817, default 72817): 72817

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/vda: 37.6 GB, 37580963840 bytes
16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 72817 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0004583c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/vda1   *           3        1018      512000   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda2            1018       62416    30944256   8e  Linux LVM
Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.

Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 4
First cylinder (1-72817, default 1): 62417  #inode 在/dev/vda2 都是62416 所以应从62417开始
Last cylinder, +cylinders or +size{K,M,G} (62417-72817, default 72817): 72817#结束

Command (m for help): p

Disk /dev/vda: 37.6 GB, 37580963840 bytes
16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 72817 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0004583c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/vda1   *           3        1018      512000   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda2            1018       62416    30944256   8e  Linux LVM
Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda4           62417       72817     5242104   83  Linux  #新增加的那5G

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.

WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at
the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)
Syncing disks.
[root@localhost ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/vda: 37.6 GB, 37580963840 bytes
16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 72817 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x0004583c

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/vda1   *           3        1018      512000   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda2            1018       62416    30944256   8e  Linux LVM
Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/vda4           62417       72817     5242104   83  Linux

Disk /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root: 30.6 GB, 30610030592 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 3721 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_swap: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

创建物理卷

然后再把这个/dev/vda4 加入到lvm里面去:

ls  /dev/vda4 如果没有这个分区,需要重启一下。

[root@localhost ~]# pvcreate /dev/vda4

  Physical volume "/dev/vda4" successfully created

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现在吧vda4加入到VolGroup里面

[root@localhost ~]# vgextend VolGroup /dev/vda4
  Volume group "VolGroup" successfully extended

查看vda4是不是属于VolGroup组里面。

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[root@localhost ~]# vgs
  VG       #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize  VFree
  VolGroup   2   2   0 wz--n- 34.50g 5.00g

看逻辑卷

[root@localhost ~]# lvs
  LV      VG       Attr       LSize  Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
  lv_root VolGroup -wi-ao---- 28.51g                                                   
  lv_swap VolGroup -wi-ao----  1.00g

现在要把之前添加的5G 加到lv_root里面

[root@localhost ~]# lvextend -l +100%FREE /dev/VolGroup/lv_root
  Size of logical volume VolGroup/lv_root changed from 28.51 GiB (7298 extents) to 33.50 GiB (8577 extents).
  Logical volume lv_root successfully resized
[root@localhost ~]# lvs
  LV      VG       Attr       LSize  Pool Origin Data%  Meta%  Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert
  lv_root VolGroup -wi-ao---- 33.50g                                                   

  lv_swap VolGroup -wi-ao----  1.00g 

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增加一个新的硬盘来扩容:

1、创建新的磁盘

     [root@bogon ~]# qemu-img create -f raw /caimz/caimz2_extend.img 5G
     Formatting '/caimz/caimz2_extend.img', fmt=raw size=5368709120 

2、编辑配置文件

     [root@bogon ~]# virsh edit caimz2

wKiom1YiXQXDA6LvAAN8_HpA0vg800.jpg


     添加刚才新建的.img磁盘。

     virsh edit caimz2  增加如下:

    <disk type='file' device='disk'>

      <driver name='qemu' type='raw' cache='none'/>
      <source file='/caimz/caimz2_extend.img'/>
      <target dev='vdb' bus='virtio'/>
      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x07' function='0x0'/>
    </disk>

wKioL1YiXUHAGQH0AALz8426WJ8141.jpg

  保存退出。

     [root@bogon ~]# virsh edit caimz2

     Domain caimz2 XML configuration edited.

      开启虚拟机:virsh start ciamz2
     进入虚拟机:virsh console caizm2

wKiom1YiXTDyojYOAAMtzn3leS0294.jpg  格式化:mkfs.ext4 /dev/vdb

wKiom1YiXUOz3HNOAAJ7YZ0X0W8035.jpg

挂载使用。

[root@bogon ~]# qemu-img resize /caimz/caimz1.qcow2  +5G
This p_w_picpath format does not support resize