环境:

Centos 7.5 1804
MongoDB 4.0.1

shard分片主机:
    shard1: IP:192.168.1.1
    shard2: IP:192.168.1.2
    shard2: IP:192.168.1.3
    #三台主机分别启动三个mongod实例:
        mongod1: 端口: 27017
        mongod2: 端口: 27018
        mongod2: 端口: 27019

configsrv主机:
    IP:192.168.1.4
        mongod1: 端口: 27019
        mongod2: 端口: 37018
        mongod2: 端口: 47019

Route主机:
    192.168.1.5
        mongods: 端口: 27017

一、准备工作

  • 在所有节点安装mongodb-4 并创建相关文件夹
cat << EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb.repo
[mongodb-org-4.0]
name=MongoDB 4.0 Repository
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/mongodb/yum/redhat/\$releasever/mongodb-org/4.0/\$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
EOF

yum install -y mongodb-org

mkdir -p /var/run/mongodb
mkdir -p /data/mongod{1..3}
mkdir -p /etc/mongo
mkdir -p /tmp/mongod{1..3}

chown -R mongod.mongod /data
chown -R mongod.mongod /var/run/mongodb
chown -R mongod.mongod /tmp/mongod{1..3}
  • 生成key并复制至所有主机
#在192.168.1.1主机执行

openssl rand -base64 756 > /etc/mongo/mongo.key
chown -R mongod.mongod /etc/mongo
chmod -R 600 /etc/mongo

scp -r /etc/mongo 192.168.1.2:/etc/
scp -r /etc/mongo 192.168.1.3:/etc/
scp -r /etc/mongo 192.168.1.4:/etc/
scp -r /etc/mongo 192.168.1.5:/etc/

MongoDB分片集群搭建

二、配置configsvr

  • 在configsvr主机(IP:192.168.1.4)操作
  • 生成三个configsvr的配置文件:
#configsvr1的配置文件

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/configsvc1.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod1.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod1
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod1.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27019
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod1
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: BigBoss
sharding:
  clusterRole: configsvr

EOF

#configsvr2的配置文件

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/configsvc2.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod2.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod2
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true
processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod2.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo
net:
  port: 37019
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod2
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: BigBoss
sharding:
  clusterRole: configsvr

EOF

#configsvr3的配置文件

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/configsvc3.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod3.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod3
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod3.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 47019
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod3
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: BigBoss
sharding:
  clusterRole: configsvr
EOF
  • 启动mongod:
mongod -f /etc/mongo/configsvc1.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/configsvc2.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/configsvc3.conf

MongoDB分片集群搭建

  • 初始化configsrv副本集群:
mongo --port 27019

rs.initiate(
{
  _id: "BigBoss",
  version: 1,
  protocolVersion: 1,
  writeConcernMajorityJournalDefault: true,
  configsvr: true,
  members: [
    {
      _id: 0,
      host: "192.168.1.4:27019",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 66,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "YES"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 1,
      host: "192.168.1.4:37019",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 55,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 2,
      host: "192.168.1.4:47019",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 33,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    }
  ],
  settings: {
    chainingAllowed : true,
  }
}
)

#查看副本集状态
rs.status()

MongoDB分片集群搭建


三、配置shard1副本集:

  • 在shard1主机(IP:192.168.1.1)操作
  • 生成三个mongod的配置文件:
#mongod1.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod1.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod1.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod1
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod1.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27017
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod1
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard1
sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr

EOF

#mongod2.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod2.conf

systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod2.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod2
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod2.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27018
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod2
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard1

sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr
EOF

#mongod3.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod3.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod3.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod3
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod3.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27019
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod3
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard1

sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr

EOF
  • 启动mongod:
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod1.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod2.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod3.conf
  • 初始化shard1副本集
mongo

rs.initiate(
{
  _id: "shard1",
  version: 1,
  protocolVersion: 1,
  writeConcernMajorityJournalDefault: true,
  members: [
    {
      _id: 0,
      host: "192.168.1.1:27017",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 66,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "YES"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 1,
      host: "192.168.1.1:27018",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 55,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 2,
      host: "192.168.1.1:27019",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 33,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    }
  ],
  settings: {
    chainingAllowed : true,
  }
}
)

#查看副本集状态
rs.status()

MongoDB分片集群搭建


四、配置shard2副本集:

  • 在shard2主机(IP:192.168.1.2)操作
  • 生成三个mongod的配置文件:
#mongod1.conf配置文件:
cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod1.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod1.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod1
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod1.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27017
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod1
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard2
sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr

EOF

#mongod2.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod2.conf

systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod2.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod2
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod2.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27018
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod2
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard2

sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr
EOF

#mongod3.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod3.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod3.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod3
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod3.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27019
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod3
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard2

sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr

EOF
  • 启动mongod:
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod1.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod2.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod3.conf
  • 初始化shard2副本集
mongo

rs.initiate(
{
  _id: "shard2",
  version: 1,
  protocolVersion: 1,
  writeConcernMajorityJournalDefault: true,
  members: [
    {
      _id: 0,
      host: "192.168.1.2:27017",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 66,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "YES"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 1,
      host: "192.168.1.2:27018",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 55,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 2,
      host: "192.168.1.2:27019",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 33,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    }
  ],
  settings: {
    chainingAllowed : true,
  }
}
)

#查看shard2副本集状态

rs.status()

MongoDB分片集群搭建


五、配置shard1副本集

  • 在shard1主机(IP:192.168.1.1)操作
  • 生成三个mongod的配置文件:
#mongod1.conf配置文件:
cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod1.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod1.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod1
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod1.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27017
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod1
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard3
sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr

EOF

#mongod2.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod2.conf

systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod2.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod2
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod2.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27018
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod2
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard3

sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr
EOF

#mongod3.conf配置文件:

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/mongod3.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod3.log

storage:
  dbPath: /data/mongod3
  journal:
    enabled: true
  wiredTiger:
    engineConfig:
      directoryForIndexes: true     

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod3.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  port: 27019
  #bindIp: 0.0.0.0  # Enter 0.0.0.0,:: to bind to all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses or, alternatively, use the net.bindIpAll setting.
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp/mongod3
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
  authorization: enabled

replication:
  replSetName: shard3

sharding:
  clusterRole: shardsvr

EOF
  • 启动mongod:
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod1.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod2.conf
mongod -f /etc/mongo/mongod3.conf
  • 初始化shard3副本集
mongo

rs.initiate(
{
  _id: "shard3",
  version: 1,
  protocolVersion: 1,
  writeConcernMajorityJournalDefault: true,
  members: [
    {
      _id: 0,
      host: "192.168.1.3:27017",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 66,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "YES"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 1,
      host: "192.168.1.3:27018",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 55,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    },
    {
      _id: 2,
      host: "192.168.1.3:27019",
      arbiterOnly: false,
      buildIndexes: true,
      hidden: false,
      priority: 33,
      tags: {
        BigBoss: "NO"
      },
      slaveDelay: 0,
      votes: 1
    }
  ],
  settings: {
    chainingAllowed : true,
  }
}
)

#查看shard3副本集状态

rs.status()

MongoDB分片集群搭建

六、配置Route

  • 创建mongos配置文件:
#route是无状态的,在任何一台主机启动都行,只要能够连接至configsrv即可

cat << EOF > /etc/mongo/route.conf
systemLog:
  destination: file
  logAppend: true
  path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log

processManagement:
  fork: true  # fork and run in background
  pidFilePath: /var/run/mongodb/mongod.pid  # location of pidfile
  timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo

net:
  bindIpAll: true
  maxIncomingConnections: 500
  unixDomainSocket:
    enabled: true
    pathPrefix: /tmp
    filePermissions: 0700

security:
  keyFile: /etc/mongo/mongo.key
#  authorization: enabled

#replication:

sharding:
  configDB: BigBoss/192.168.1.4:27019,192.168.1.4:37019,192.168.1.4:47019
EOF
  • 启动mongos并设置一个连接的账号密码
#启动
mongos -f /etc/mongo/route.conf

#连接
mongo

#设置管理员账号密码
use admin

db.createUser(
{
    user: "root",
    pwd: "123456",
    roles: [ { role: "__system", db: "admin" } ]
  }
)

exit

MongoDB分片集群搭建

  • 重连至mongodb
mongo -uroot -p123456  --authenticationDatabase admin

#添加分片主机至集群中
sh.addShard("shard1/192.168.1.1:27017,192.168.1.1:27018,192.168.1.1:27019")
sh.addShard("shard2/192.168.1.2:27017,192.168.1.2:27018,192.168.1.2:27019")
sh.addShard("shard3/192.168.1.3:27017,192.168.1.3:27018,192.168.1.3:27019")

#查看状态
sh.status()

####为了展示出效果,修改一下默认的chunksize大小,这里修改为1M
#默认的chunksize大小为64M,示例修改命令如下:
#use config
#db.settings.save( { _id:"chunksize", value: <sizeInMB> } )

use config
db.settings.save( { _id:"chunksize", value: 1 } )

#为test数据库开启分片
#选择一个片键age并指定一个集合mycoll对其进行分片

sh.enableSharding("test")
sh.shardCollection("test.mycoll", {"age": 1})

#测试分片,写入数据到数据库中

use test
for (i = 1; i <= 10000; i++) db.mycoll.insert({age:(i%100), name:"bigboss_user"+i, address:i+", Some Road, Zhengzhou, Henan", country:"China", course:"cousre"+"(i%12)"})

#写入完成之后就可以查看分片信息了

sh.status()

MongoDB分片集群搭建
MongoDB分片集群搭建
MongoDB分片集群搭建
MongoDB分片集群搭建
MongoDB分片集群搭建

MongoDB分片集群搭建