说明:为了给出demo的全貌,这篇有点长,如果有上一篇的基础,会更容易阅读一些。

  在分布式应用,有状态服务是常态,特别是多副本应用,就需要共用缓存来解决数据统一的状况,所以dapr也把状态管理做成一个标准组件。

  下面通过docker-compose来发布OrderSystem项目和PaymentSystem项目,他们分别有自己的状态数据,并且测试它们之间的访问性。 

  下面是项目的目录结构,components文件是dapr组件配置文件夹,B2C是docker-compose的文件夹

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_json

OrderSystem项目

HomeController.cs

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace OrderSystem.Controllers;
[ApiController]
[Route("[controller]")]
public class HomeController : ControllerBase
{
private readonly ILogger<HomeController> _logger;
private readonly IHttpClientFactory _clientFactory;
private readonly string? _payUrl;
private readonly string _stateUrl;
public HomeController(ILogger<HomeController> logger, IHttpClientFactory clientFactory, IConfiguration configuration)
{
_stateUrl = configuration.GetSection("StateUrl").Value;
_payUrl = configuration.GetSection("payurl").Value;
_clientFactory = clientFactory;
_logger = logger;
}
[HttpGet("/order")]
public async Task<IActionResult> Order()
{
try
{
_logger.LogInformation($"下单开始");
await Task.Delay(400);
_logger.LogInformation($"订单完成 调用支付系统");
var client = _clientFactory.CreateClient();
var content = await client.GetStringAsync(_payUrl);
return new JsonResult(new { order_result = "订单成功", pay_result = content });
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
_logger.LogCritical(exc, exc.Message);
return new JsonResult(new { order_result = "订单成功,支付失败", message = exc.Message });
}
}



[HttpPost("/writekeys")]
public async Task<IActionResult> WriteKeys([FromBody] KeyEntity[] keys)
{
var client = _clientFactory.CreateClient();
var jsonContent = System.Text.Json.JsonSerializer.Serialize(keys);
var content = new StringContent(jsonContent);
var response = await client.PostAsync(_stateUrl, content);
return Ok(await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync());
}

[HttpGet("/readekey/{key}")]
public async Task<IActionResult> ReadKey(string key)
{
var client = _clientFactory.CreateClient();
var response = await client.GetAsync($"{_stateUrl}/{key}");
return new JsonResult(new { key = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync(), host = Dns.GetHostName() });
}
[HttpPost("/readekeys")]
public async Task<IActionResult> ReadKeys([FromBody] string[] keys)
{
var client = _clientFactory.CreateClient();
var jsonContent = System.Text.Json.JsonSerializer.Serialize(keys);
var content = new StringContent(jsonContent);
var response = await client.PostAsync($"{_stateUrl}/bulk", content);
return Ok(await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync());
}

[HttpDelete("/deletekey/{key}")]
public async Task<IActionResult> DeleteData(string key)
{
var client = _clientFactory.CreateClient();
var response = await client.DeleteAsync($"{_stateUrl}/{key}");
return Ok(await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync());
}
}
public class KeyEntity
{
public string Key { get; set; }
public string Value { get; set; }
}

appsettings.json

{
"Urls": "http://*:80",
"Logging": {
"LogLevel": {
"Default": "Information",
"Microsoft": "Warning",
"Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime": "Information"
}
},
"AllowedHosts": "*",
"PayUrl": "http://localhost:3500/v1.0/invoke/pay/method/pay",
"StateUrl": "http://localhost:3500/v1.0/state/statestore"
}

OrderSystem项目的Dockerfile

FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/aspnet:6.0 AS base
WORKDIR /app
EXPOSE 80

FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/sdk:6.0 AS build
WORKDIR /src
COPY ["/OrderSystem/OrderSystem.csproj", "OrderSystem/"]
RUN dotnet restore "OrderSystem/OrderSystem.csproj"
COPY . .
WORKDIR "/src/OrderSystem"
RUN dotnet build "OrderSystem.csproj" -c Release -o /app/build

FROM build AS publish
RUN dotnet publish "OrderSystem.csproj" -c Release -o /app/publish

FROM base AS final
WORKDIR /app
COPY --from=publish /app/publish .
ENTRYPOINT ["dotnet", "OrderSystem.dll"]

PaymentSystem项目

HomeControllers.cs与OrderSystem的状态代码是一样的,这里就不占篇幅。

PaymentSystem项目的appsettings.json

{
"Urls": "http://*:80",
"Logging": {
"LogLevel": {
"Default": "Information",
"Microsoft": "Warning",
"Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime": "Information"
}
},
"AllowedHosts": "*",
"StateUrl": "http://localhost:3500/v1.0/state/statestore"
}

PaymentSystem项目的Dockerfile

FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/aspnet:6.0 AS base
WORKDIR /app
EXPOSE 80

FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/sdk:6.0 AS build
WORKDIR /src
COPY ["/PaymentSystem/PaymentSystem.csproj", "PaymentSystem/"]
RUN dotnet restore "PaymentSystem/PaymentSystem.csproj"
COPY . .
WORKDIR "/src/PaymentSystem"
RUN dotnet build "PaymentSystem.csproj" -c Release -o /app/build

FROM build AS publish
RUN dotnet publish "PaymentSystem.csproj" -c Release -o /app/publish

FROM base AS final
WORKDIR /app
COPY --from=publish /app/publish .
ENTRYPOINT ["dotnet", "PaymentSystem.dll"]

  OrderSystem项目和PaymentSystem项目的Dockerfile中的路径要和docker-compose.yml中的设置有关,所以分享出来,以供参考。

B2C

  docker-compose.yml,这里定义了一个b2c-dapr,作为互通网络,打通应用与redis等服务的通道。其中ordersystem对宿主机的端口还是3500,paymentsystem对宿主机的端口分别是3601,3602

version: '3.4'

services:
#┌────────────────────────────────┐
#│ ordersystem app + Dapr sidecar │
#└────────────────────────────────┘
ordersystem:
image: ${DOCKER_REGISTRY-}ordersystem
depends_on:
- redis
- placement
build:
context: ../
dockerfile: /OrderSystem/Dockerfile
ports:
- "3500:3500"
volumes:
- ../OrderSystem:/OrderSystem
networks:
- b2c-dapr
ordersystem-dapr:
image: "daprio/daprd:latest"
command: [ "./daprd", "-app-id", "order", "-app-port", "80","-placement-host-address", "placement:50006","-components-path","/components"]
build:
context: ../
depends_on:
- ordersystem
network_mode: "service:ordersystem"
volumes:
- ../components:/components

#┌───────────────────────────────────┐
#│ paymentsystem1 app + Dapr sidecar │
#└───────────────────────────────────┘
paymentsystem1:
image: ${DOCKER_REGISTRY-}paymentsystem
build:
context: ../
dockerfile: /PaymentSystem/Dockerfile
ports:
- "3601:3500"
volumes:
- ../PaymentSystem:/PaymentSystem
networks:
- b2c-dapr
paymentsystem1-dapr:
image: "daprio/daprd:latest"
command: [ "./daprd", "-app-id", "pay", "-app-port", "80","-placement-host-address", "placement:50006","-components-path","/components" ]
build:
context: ../
depends_on:
- paymentsystem1
network_mode: "service:paymentsystem1"
volumes:
- ../components:/components

#┌───────────────────────────────────┐
#│ paymentsystem2 app + Dapr sidecar │
#└───────────────────────────────────┘
paymentsystem2:
image: ${DOCKER_REGISTRY-}paymentsystem
build:
context: ../
dockerfile: /PaymentSystem/Dockerfile
volumes:
- ../PaymentSystem:/PaymentSystem
ports:
- "3602:3500"
networks:
- b2c-dapr
paymentsystem2-dapr:
image: "daprio/daprd:latest"
command: [ "./daprd", "-app-id", "pay", "-app-port", "80" ,"-placement-host-address", "placement:50006","-components-path","/components"]
build:
context: ../
depends_on:
- paymentsystem2
network_mode: "service:paymentsystem2"
volumes:
- ../components:/components

#┌────────────────────────┐
#│ Dapr placement service │
#└────────────────────────┘
placement:
image: "daprio/dapr"
command: ["./placement", "-port", "50006"]
ports:
- "50006:50006"
networks:
- b2c-dapr

#┌───────────────────┐
#│ Redis state store │
#└───────────────────┘
redis:
image: "redis:latest"
ports:
- "6380:6379"
networks:
- b2c-dapr
networks:
b2c-dapr:

Dapr组件配置

statestore.yaml,其中value的值要改成redis,而不是localhost,这里要连接同一个网络里的redis服务

apiVersion: dapr.io/v1alpha1
kind: Component
metadata:
name: statestore
spec:
type: state.redis
version: v1
metadata:
- name: redisHost
value: redis:6379
- name: redisPassword
value: ""
- name: actorStateStore
value: "true"

启动docker-compose

docker-compose up -d

启动后各服务的状态

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_microsoft_02

测试:

对order服务进行设置状态,这里调用的是dpar服务调用对外的接口,3500是order服务sidecar对外端口。

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_microsoft_03

  同理调用order服务的状态数据,返回设置的值

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_docker_04

  接下来测试从pay服务中调用order服务的状态,返回结果为空,这里的地址为:localhost:3601/v1.0/invoke/pay/method/readekey/USER00001

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_docker_05

  下面换成从pay1服务的3601中访问order服务的状态,结果有值,url为localhost:3601/v1.0/invoke/order/method/readekey/USER00001,根本原因可能你想到了,这本质上调的还是order服务的接口,只不过是利用pay1的sidecar调用order的sidecar实现的,因为服务调用是通着,所以能调用到,这里可以通过查看返回的host值证明。

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_microsoft_06

  接下来测试pay服务,两个副本,访问状态数据的case。下面是通过3601设置状态。

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_docker_07

  通过pay1的sidecar对外端口访问,url是localhost:3601/v1.0/invoke/pay/method/readekey/PAY00001

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_microsoft_08


  通过pay2的sidecar对外端口访问,url是localhost:3602/v1.0/invoke/pay/method/readekey/PAY00001 

Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_json_09

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Dapr牵手.NET学习笔记:状态管理之docker-compose发布_microsoft_10