nginx+mysql+php……编译安装

安装需要组件

yum install make apr* autoconf automake curl-devel gcc gcc-c++ zlib-developenssl openssl-devel pcre-devel gd kernel keyutils patch perl kernel-headerscompat* mpfr cpp glibc libgomp libstdc++-devel ppl cloog-pplkeyutils-libs-devel libcom_err-devel libsepol-devel libselinux-devel krb5-develzlib-devel libXpm* freetype libjpeg* libpng* php-common php-gd ncurses*libtool* libxml2 libxml2-devel patch cmake


安装mysql 5.6.12

groupadd mysql #添加mysql组

useradd -g mysql mysql -s/bin/false #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组,不允许mysql用户直接登录系统

mkdir -p /data/mysql #创建MySQL数据库存放目录

chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql #设置MySQL数据库目录权限

mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql #创建MySQL安装目录

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf mysql-5.6.12.tar.gz #解压

cd mysql-5.6.12

cmake .-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc #配置

make #编译

make install #安装

cd /usr/local/mysql

cp ./support-files/my-huge.cnf/etc/my.cnf #拷贝配置文件(注意:如果/etc目录下面默认有一个my.cnf,直接覆盖即可)

vi /etc/my.cnf #编辑配置文件,在 [mysqld] 部分增加下面一行

datadir = /data/mysql #添加MySQL数据库路径

:wq! #保存退出

./scripts/mysql_install_db--user=mysql #生成mysql系统数据库

cp ./support-files/mysql.server/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #把Mysql加入系统启动

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld #增加执行权限

chkconfig mysqld on #加入开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #编辑

basedir = /usr/local/mysql #MySQL程序安装路径

datadir = /data/mysql #MySQl数据库存放目录

service mysqld start #启动

vi /etc/profile #把mysql服务加入系统环境变量:在最后添加下面这一行

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

:wq! #保存退出

下面这两行把myslq的库文件链接到系统默认的位置,这样你在编译类似PHP等软件时可以不用指定mysql的库文件地址。

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql/usr/lib/mysql

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql/usr/include/mysql

shutdown -r now #需要重启系统,等待系统重新启动之后继续在终端命令行下面操作

mysql_secure_installation #设置Mysql密码

根据提示按Y 回车

然后输入2次密码

继续按Y 回车,直到设置完成

或者直接修改密码/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -ppassword "123456" #修改密码

service mysqld restart #重启

到此,mysql安装完成!


NGINX

下载ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.33.tar.gz

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx--user=www --group=www --with-md5-asm --with-sha1-asm--with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_flv_module--with-http_gzip_static_module

安装pcre

cd /usr/local/src

mkdir /usr/local/pcre #创建安装目录

tar zxvf pcre-8.33.tar.gz

cd pcre-8.33

./configure--prefix=/usr/local/pcre #配置

make

make install

安装 nginx

cd /usr/local/src

groupadd www #添加www组

useradd -g www www -s /bin/false #创建nginx运行账户www并加入到www组,不允许www用户直接登录系统

tar zxvf nginx-1.2.2.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.2.2

./configure  --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --user=www--group=www --with-md5-asm --with-sha1-asm --with-http_stub_status_module--with-http_ssl_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.31

注意:--with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.31指向的是源码包解压的路径,而不是安装的路径,否则会报错

make

make install

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx #启动nginx

设置nginx开启启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #编辑启动文件添加下面内容

=======================================================

#!/bin/bash
# nginx Startup script for the NginxHTTP Server
# it is v.0.0.2 version.
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is ahigh-performance web and proxy server.
# It has a lot of features, but it's notfor everyone.
# processname: nginx
# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
nginxd=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
nginx_config=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
nginx_pid=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
RETVAL=0
prog="nginx"
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
# Check that networking is up.
[ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ]&& exit 0
[ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0
# Start nginx daemons functions.
start() {
if [ -e $nginx_pid ];then
echo "nginx alreadyrunning...."
exit 1
fi
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginxd -c ${nginx_config}
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch/var/lock/subsys/nginx
return $RETVAL
}
# Stop nginx daemons functions.
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $nginxd
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f/var/lock/subsys/nginx /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
}
reload() {
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
#kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`
killproc $nginxd -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
reload)
reload
;;
restart)
stop
start
;;
status)
status $prog
RETVAL=$?
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $prog{start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}"
exit 1
esac
exit $RETVAL

=======================================================

:wq! #保存退出

chmod 775 /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #赋予文件执行权限

chkconfig nginx on #设置开机启动

/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx restart #重启

service nginx restart

=======================================================


安装php

libmcrypt

cd /usr/local/src

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz #解压

cd libmcrypt-2.5.8 #进入目录

./configure #配置

make #编译

make install #安装


cd /usr/local/src

tar -zvxf php-5.5.16.tar.gz

cd php-5.5.16

mkdir -p /usr/local/php5 #建立php安装目录

./configure--prefix=/usr/local/php5 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php5/etc--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-gd --with-iconv --with-zlib--enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem--enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm--enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl--enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --without-pear--with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl #配置

make #编译

make install #安装

cp php.ini-production/usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录

rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件

ln -s /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini/etc/php.ini #添加软链接

cp/usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件

vi/usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑

user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www

group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www

pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号

设置 php-fpm开机启动

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.4.5/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #添加执行权限

chkconfig php-fpm on #设置开机启动

vi /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件

找到:disable_functions =

修改为:

disable_functions= passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd,posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid,posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid,posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit,posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty,posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid,posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname


#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。

找到:;date.timezone =

修改为:date.timezone =PRC #设置时区

找到:expose_php = On

修改为:expose_php = OFF #禁止显示php版本的信息

找到:short_open_tag = Off

修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签

加载MEMCHACHE

下载wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.7.tgz

tar xzvf memcache-2.2.7.tgz

cd memcache-2.2.7

# /usr/local/php5/bin/phpize

#./configure--with-php-config=/usr/local/php5/bin/php-config --enable-memcache

#make && make install

#vi /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini 如下:

extension_dir ="/usr/local/php5/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/"

extension = memcache.so

memcache.allow_failover = 1

memcache.max_failover_attempts=20

memcache.chunk_size =32768

memcache.default_port = 11211

加载Eaccelerator

1.下载 :

Eaccelerator:

http://bart.eaccelerator.net/source/0.9.6/eaccelerator-0.9.6.tar.bz2

2.编译安装:

Shell > tar jxvfeaccelerator-0.9.6.tar.bz2

Shell > /usr/local/php/bin/phpize

Shell > ./configure \

--enable-eaccelerator=shared--with-php-config=/usr/local/php5/bin/php-config

Shell > make && makeinstall


shell > vi/usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

修改

extension_dir="./"extension_dir="/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613"


添加如下

#### eaccelerator  ####

[eaccelerator]

extension=eaccelerator.so

eaccelerator.shm_size="128"

eaccelerator.cache_dir="/app/eaccelerator"

eaccelerator.enable="1"

eaccelerator.optimizer="1"

eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"

eaccelerator.debug="0"

eaccelerator.filter=""

eaccelerator.shm_max="0"

eaccelerator.shm_ttl="300"

eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="120"

eaccelerator.shm_only="0"

eaccelerator.compress="1"

eaccelerator.compress_level="9"



配置nginx支持php

vi/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf #编辑配置文件,需做如下修改

user www www; #首行user去掉注释,修改Nginx运行组为www www;必须与/usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf中的user,group配置相同,否则php运行出错

index index.php index.htmlindex.htm; #添加index.php

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI serverlistening on 127.0.0.1:9000

#

location ~ \.php$ {

root html;

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

fastcgi_index index.php;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME$document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

include fastcgi_params;

}

#取消FastCGI server部分location的注释,并要注意fastcgi_param行的参数,改为$document_root$fastcgi_script_name,或者使用绝对路径

/etc/init.d/nginx restart #重启nginx

安装MEMCACHED

下载memched和libevent https://github.com/downloads/libevent/libevent/libevent-2.0.21-stable.tar.gz

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libevent;make;make install

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/memcached;make;make install

启动:/usr/local/memcached/bin/memcached -d -m 2048 -l 0.0.0.0 -p 11211 -uwww


测试篇

cd /usr/local/nginx/html/ #进入nginx默认网站根目录

rm -rf /usr/local/nginx/html/* #删除默认测试页

vi index.php #编辑

<?php

phpinfo();

?>

:wq! #保存退出

chown www.www /usr/local/nginx/html/-R #设置目录所有者

chmod 700 /usr/local/nginx/html/-R #设置目录权限

shutdown -r now #重启系统

在浏览器中打开服务器IP地址,会看到下面的界面,配置成功

服务器相关操作命令

service nginx restart #重启nginx

service mysqld restart #重启mysql

/usr/local/php5/sbin/php-fpm #启动php-fpm

/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm restart #重启php-fpm

/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm stop #停止php-fpm

/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm start #启动php-fpm

#############################################################################

备注:

nginx默认站点目录是:/usr/local/nginx/html/

权限设置:chownwww:www /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R

MySQL数据库目录是:/data/mysql

权限设置:chown mysql.mysql -R /data/mysql