mysql安装:

[root@wangchao ~]# cd /usr/local/src/                //下载的包都放到该目录下

[root@wangchaosrc]#wget http://www.lishiming.net/data/p_w_upload/forum/mysql-5.1.40-linux-i686-icc-glibc23.tar.gz

[root@wangchao src]# du -sh mysql-5.1.40-linux-i686-icc-glibc23.tar.gz

118M    mysql-5.1.40-linux-i686-icc-glibc23.tar.gz

[root@wangchao src]# tar zxvf mysql-5.1.40-linux-i686-icc-glibc23.tar.gz        //解压缩

[root@wangchao src]# ls

[root@wangchao src]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M mysql             

//添加mysql用户,——M 无家目录

[root@wangchao src]# ls /home/

tom

[root@wangchao src]# mv mysql-5.1.40-linux-i686-icc-glibc23 /usr/local/mysql   

//安装地移到/usr/local/mysql

[root@wangchao src]# ls /usr/local/mysql/

[root@wangchao src]# cd /usr/local/mysql/

[root@wangchao mysql]# ls

[root@wangchao mysql]# mkdir -p /data/mysql               //创存放数据目录

[root@wangchao mysql]# chown -R mysql /data/mysql/      //改主为mysql,不然无权限访问

[root@wangchao mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql

Installing MySQL system tables...

OK

Filling help tables...

OK

//安装--user=mysql指定用户mysql--datadir=/data/mysql指定存放数据目录

[root@wangchao mysql]# echo $?

0

[root@wangchao mysql]# cd support-files/

[root@wangchao support-files]# ls

[root@wangchao support-files]# ls /etc/my.cnf         //mysql的配置文件

/etc/my.cnf

 

[root@wangchao support-files]# cp my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf

cp: overwrite `/etc/my.cnf'? y

[root@wangchao support-files]# vim !$

[root@wangchao support-files]# ls /etc/init.d/                           //系统服务项

[root@wangchao support-files]# cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld     

 //拷贝脚本到系统服务项

[root@wangchao support-files]# vim /etc/init.d/mysqld

basedir=/usr/local/mysql

datadir=/data/mysql

[root@wangchao support-files]# chkconfig --add mysqld              //加入服务系统列表

[root@wangchao support-files]# chkconfig mysqld on

[root@wangchao support-files]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start        //启动mysql

Starting MySQL                                             [  OK  ]

[root@wangchao support-files]# ps aux |grep mysql

root      2210  0.0  0.1   3044  1256 pts/0    S    Jun08   0:00 /bin/sh /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/data/mysql --pid-file=/data/mysql/wangchao.pid

mysql     2321  0.0  4.2 381624 43676 pts/0    Sl   Jun08   0:02 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql --user=mysql --log-error=/data/mysql/wangchao.err --pid-file=/data/mysql/wangchao.pid --socket=/tmp/mysql.sock --port=3306

root      3811  0.0  0.0   4352   716 pts/1    S+   01:06   0:00 grep mysql

 

[root@wangchao support-files]# netstat -lnp |grep mysql

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3306                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      2321/mysqld

unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     20761  2321/mysqld         /tmp/mysql.sock

 

 

//ps aux |grep mysql          查看进程mysql启动

//netstat -lnp |grep mysql      查看mysql端口监听(3306

 

 

 

Apache编译安装

[root@wangchao support-files]# cd /usr/local/src/

[root@wangchao src]# ls

[root@wangchaosrc]#wget http://www.lishiming.net/data/p_w_upload/forum/httpd-2.2.24.tar.bz2

[root@wangchao src]# tar jxvf httpd-2.2.24.tar.bz2

[root@wangchao src]# cd httpd-2.2.24

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# ls

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# vim INSTALL               //可查看编译步骤

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# ./configure \

> --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 \                          

> --with-included-apr \

> --enable-so \

> --enable-deflate=shared \

> --enable-expires=shared \

> --enable-rewrite=shared \

> --with-pcre

 

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# echo $?

0

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# make

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# echo $?

0

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# make install

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# echo $?

0

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start       //启动之

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# ps aux |grep httpd

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# netstat -lnp|grep "httpd"

tcp     0     0 :::80              :::*             LISTEN      20842/httpd

 

 

 

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -M                  

//列出apache的模块

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t        

//检查apache文件有无语法错误

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# ls /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf    //apache的配置文件

 

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl restart    //重启

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl stop     //关闭

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start      //启动

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl graceful     

 //重新加载配置文件,不杀死进程

php编译安装

[root@wangchao httpd-2.2.24]# cd /usr/local/src/

[root@wangchao src]# wget http://am1.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.27.tar.gz

[root@wangchao src]# tar zxvf php-5.3.27.tar.gz

[root@wangchao src]# cd php-5.3.27

配置编译参数

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# ./configure \

> --prefix=/usr/local/php \

> --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs \

> --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc  \

> --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \

> --with-libxml-dir \

> --with-gd \

> --with-jpeg-dir \

> --with-png-dir \

> --with-freetype-dir \

> --with-iconv-dir \

> --with-zlib-dir \

> --with-bz2 \

> --with-openssl \

> --with-mcrypt \

> --enable-soap \

> --enable-gd-native-ttf \

> --enable-mbstring \

> --enable-sockets \

> --enable-exif \

> --disable-ipv6

 

 

 

报错

configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

[root@wangchaophp-5.3.27]#rpm-ivh 'www.lishiming.net/data/p_w_upload/forum/epel-release-6-8_32.noarch.rpm'

如果是64位系统

rpm -ivh 'http://www.lishiming.net/data/p_w_upload/forum/epel-release-6-8_64.noarch.rpm '

 

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# yum list |grep -i mcrypt

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# yum install -y  libmcrypt-devel

 

 

 

其它报错解决方法试试:

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# yum install gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 flex bison autoconf automake bzip2-devel zlib-devel ncurses-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libtiff-devel freetype-devel pam-devel openssl-devel libxml2-devel

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# rm -f /var/run/yum.pid

 

 

编译安装

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# make

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# echo $?

0

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# make install

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# echo $?

0

 

 

 

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# ls /usr/local/apache2/modules/

libphp5.so

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# /usr/local/php/bin/php -m

[root@wangchao php-5.3.27]# /usr/local/php/bin/php -i

 

 

 

 

 

 

测试PHP解析

[root@wangchao ~]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -M

[root@wangchao ~]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl restart

ifconfig

eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:47:DF:59

          inet addr:192.168.137.22  Bcast:192.168.137.255  Mask:255.255.255.0

[root@wangchao ~]# setenforce 0

[root@wangchao ~]# service iptables stop

电脑访问:

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[root@wangchao ~]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf              

//查看配置文件部分解释如下:

ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"                     //安装的目录

Listen 80                                        //监听的端口

LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so     //加载的模块

User daemon                                      //以哪个用户运行的

Group daemon

ServerAdmin you@example.com                        //管理员邮箱

DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs"               //网页存放目录

[root@wangchao ~]# cd /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/

[root@wangchao htdocs]# ls

index.html

[root@wangchao htdocs]# vim 1.txt

121212

[root@wangchao htdocs]# cat 1.txt

121212

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[root@wangchao htdocs]# vim 2.php

<?php

echo 1111;

?>

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//这不是我们想要的结果,想要PHP能够解析显示1111

[root@wangchao htdocs]# /usr/local/php/bin/php 2.php             //以下输出才是想要的

1111

[root@wangchao htdocs]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf      //编辑该文件

    AddType application/x-compress .Z

    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php                      //添加该行

 

<IfModule dir_module>

    DirectoryIndex index.html index.php                    //添加index.php

</IfModule>

 

 

#ServerName www.example.com:80                

ServerName localhost80                     //修改成这样

 

 

[root@wangchao htdocs]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t

Syntax OK

//检测配置文件有无语法错误

[root@wangchao htdocs]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl graceful       //重新加载

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[root@wangchao htdocs]# ls

1.txt  2.php  index.html

[root@wangchao htdocs]# vim info.php

<?php

phpinfo ();

?>

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[root@wangchao htdocs]# /usr/local/php/bin/php -i|less          //显示的内容与上一致

 

 

 

 [root@wangchao htdocs]# cat /usr/local/apache2/build/config.nice  

#! /bin/sh

#

# Created by configure

 

"./configure" \

"--prefix=/usr/local/apache2" \

"--with-included-apr" \

"--enable-so" \

"--enable-deflate=shared" \

"--enable-expires=shared" \

"--enable-rewrite=shared" \

"--with-pcre" \

"$@"

//查看之前编译的配置参数

 

[root@wangchao htdocs]# cp /usr/local/src/php-5.3.27/php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

 

[root@wangchao ~]#  /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl graceful

 

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//刚刚的操作改了第五个格子,文件的路径加上了

 

 

不用以上IP访问,也可用curl测试:

[root@wangchao ~]# curl 192.168.137.22/info.php

[root@wangchao ~]# curl 192.168.137.22/1.txt

121212

 

 

 

 

 

安装discuz!

 

[root@wangchao ~]# mkdir /data/www

[root@wangchao ~]# cd /data/www/

[root@wangchaowww]#wget  http://download.comsenz.com/DiscuzX/3.2/Discuz_X3.2_SC_GBK.zip

[root@wangchao www]# unzip Discuz_X3.2_SC_GBK.zip

[root@wangchao www]# ls

Discuz_X3.2_SC_GBK.zip  readme  upload  utility

[root@wangchao www]# mv upload/* ./

[root@wangchao www]# ls

[root@wangchao www]# rm -rf readme/ utility/ upload/ Discuz_X3.2_SC_GBK.zip

[root@wangchao www]# ls

[root@wangchao www]# ps aux | grep httpd

 

[root@wangchao www]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf

#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf            //打开虚拟主机配置(去掉前面#注释)

 

[root@wangchao www]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com

    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache2/docs/dummy-host.example.com"

    ServerName dummy-host.example.com

    ServerAlias www.dummy-host.example.com

    ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"

    CustomLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

 

 

改成:

<VirtualHost *:80>

   # ServerAdmin webmaster@dummy-host.example.com

    DocumentRoot "/data/www"

    ServerName www.test.com

    ServerAlias www.aaa.com

   # ErrorLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-error_log"

   # CustomLog "logs/dummy-host.example.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

 

 

[root@wangchao www]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t

Warning: DocumentRoot [/usr/local/apache2/docs/dummy-host2.example.com] does not exist

Syntax OK

 

[root@wangchao www]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl restart

 

windows客户端:

C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etchosts文件添加最后两行如下:

192.168.137.22 www.test.com

192.168.137.22 www.aaa.com

 

 

 

[root@wangchao www]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf

 

<Directory />

    Options FollowSymLinks

    AllowOverride None

    Order deny,allow

    Deny from all

</Directory>

 

改成:

<Directory />

    Options FollowSymLinks

    AllowOverride None

    Order deny,allow

    Allow from all

</Directory>

 

 

[root@wangchao www]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t

[root@wangchao www]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl restart

 

 

 

 

windows浏览器输入:www.test.com。开始安装如下:

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[root@wangchao www]# ps aux |grep http

root      2196  0.0  1.1  27200 11616 ?        Ss   04:41   0:01 /usr/local/apache2/bin/httpd -k start

daemon    3398  0.0  0.9  27332 10156 ?        S    07:30   0:00 /usr/local/apache2/bin/httpd -k start

 

[root@wangchao www]# ls -l

[root@wangchao www]# chown -R daemon config/ data/ uc_client/data/ uc_server/data/

 

 

全新安装

 

[root@wangchao www]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql

[root@wangchao www]# which $PATH

[root@wangchao www]# which mysql

[root@wangchao www]# vim /etc/profile.d/path.sh

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

[root@wangchao www]# source !$

source /etc/profile.d/path.sh

[root@wangchao www]# mysql

mysql> quit

Bye

[root@wangchao www]# mysql

mysql> create database discuz;

mysql> grant all on discuz.* to 'aming'@'localhost' identified by 'aminglinux';

mysql> quit

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下一步安装

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