pip安装ipython报错记录
#pip install ipython==5.5.0

Collecting ipython==5.5.0
  Downloading http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/packages/08/2c/6285504003b4eadce5540f3ee3adc081468b26723f3eef07d9d5d7d97ed8/ipython-5.5.0-py2-none-any.whl (758kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 768kB 3.9MB/s
Requirement already satisfied: pygments in /usr/lib64/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Requirement already satisfied: setuptools>=18.5 in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Requirement already satisfied: backports.shutil-get-terminal-size; python_version == "2.7" in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Requirement already satisfied: traitlets>=4.2 in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Requirement already satisfied: simplegeneric>0.8 in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Collecting pickleshare (from ipython==5.5.0)
  Downloading http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/packages/9f/17/daa142fc9be6b76f26f24eeeb9a138940671490b91cb5587393f297c8317/pickleshare-0.7.4-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Requirement already satisfied: decorator in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Collecting prompt-toolkit<2.0.0,>=1.0.4 (from ipython==5.5.0)
  Downloading http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/packages/d1/b0/1a6c262da35c779dd79550137aa7c298a424987240a28792ec5ccf48f848/prompt_toolkit-1.0.15-py2-none-any.whl (247kB)
    100% |████████████████████████████████| 256kB 61.8MB/s
Requirement already satisfied: pexpect; sys_platform != "win32" in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from ipython==5.5.0)
Collecting pathlib2; python_version == "2.7" or python_version == "3.3" (from ipython==5.5.0)
  Downloading http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/packages/74/4e/68add57f8b993bb5da70c22c7eebb4266c7b66cab15095a1578cc6a62b1a/pathlib2-2.3.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Requirement already satisfied: ipython-genutils in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from traitlets>=4.2->ipython==5.5.0)
Requirement already satisfied: enum34; python_version == "2.7" in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from traitlets>=4.2->ipython==5.5.0)
Requirement already satisfied: six in /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from traitlets>=4.2->ipython==5.5.0)
Collecting wcwidth (from prompt-toolkit<2.0.0,>=1.0.4->ipython==5.5.0)
  Downloading http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/packages/7e/9f/526a6947247599b084ee5232e4f9190a38f398d7300d866af3ab571a5bfe/wcwidth-0.1.7-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting scandir; python_version < "3.5" (from pathlib2; python_version == "2.7" or python_version == "3.3"->ipython==5.5.0)
  Downloading http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/packages/77/3f/916f524f50ee65e3f465a280d2851bd63685250fddb3020c212b3977664d/scandir-1.6.tar.gz
Installing collected packages: scandir, pathlib2, pickleshare, wcwidth, prompt-toolkit, ipython
  Running setup.py install for scandir ... error
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python2 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-Ezagxu/scandir/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-XwbXPl-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
    copying scandir.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7
    running build_ext
    building '_scandir' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7
    gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -D_GNU_SOURCE -fPIC -fwrapv -DNDEBUG -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -D_GNU_SOURCE -fPIC -fwrapv -fPIC -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c _scandir.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/_scandir.o
    _scandir.c:14:20: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory
     #include <Python.h>
                        ^
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    ----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python2 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-Ezagxu/scandir/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-XwbXPl-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-Ezagxu/scandir/

解决方法:
yum install python-devel libxslt-devel libffi-devel openssl-devel gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel


CentOS7安装MySQL-python出错

解决方法:

yum install python-devel mysql-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel


资料:https://www.92ez.com/?action=show&id=23431