1、源码安装MySQL 5.1 GA

创建组和用户:

[root@mysqldb2 ~]# groupadd mysql

[root@mysqldb2 ~]# useradd -g mysql mysql

解压缩安装包:

[root@mysqldb2 ~]$ cd /data/software/

[root@mysqldb2 software]$ tar xvfz mysql-5.1.51.tar.gz

[root@mysqldb2 software]$ cd mysql-5.1.51

进入mysql安装包目录,执行configure并加载适当参数:

  • [root@mysqldb2 mysql-5.1.51]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql/ --with-server-suffix=-junsansi-edition --enable-assembler --enable-local-infile --enable-thread-safe-client --with-big-tables --with-charset=utf8 --with-extra-charsets=gbk,gb2312,utf8,ascii --with-readline --with-ssl --with-embedded-server --with-pthread --with-mysqld-user=mysql --with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static --with-client-ldflags=-all-static --with-plugins=partition,innobase,innodb_plugin > /home/jss/mysql_setuplogs_configure.log 2>&1

提示:configure支持的选项非常多,详细的参数及说明建议参考官方文档,也可以通过./configure --help查看,这里仅列出常用及推荐使用的选项。

  • --prefix=PREFIX:指定程序安装路径;

  • --enable-assembler:使用汇编模式;

  • --enable-local-infile:启用对LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE语法的支持(默认不支持);

  • --enable-profiling:Build a version with query profiling code (req.community-features)

  • --enable-thread-safe-client:使用编译客户端;

  • --with-big-tables:启用32位平台对4G大表的支持;

  • --with-charset=CHARSET:指定字符集;

  • --with-collation=:默认collation;

  • --with-extra-charsets=CHARSET,CHARSET,...:指定附加的字符集;

  • --with-fast-mutexes:Compile with fast mutexes

  • --with-readline:

  • --with-ssl:启用SSL的支持;

  • --with-server-suffix=:添加字符串到版本信息;

  • --with-embedded-server:编译embedded-server;

  • --with-pthread:强制使用pthread类库;

  • --with-mysqld-user=:指定mysqld守护进程的用户;

  • --with-mysqld-ldflags=:静态编译MySQL服务器端;

  • --with-client-ldflags=:静态编译MySQL客户端;

  • --with-plugins=PLUGIN,PLUGIN,...:MySQL服务器端支持的组件(默认为空),可选值较多:

    • partition:MySQL Partitioning Support;

    • daemon_example:This is an example plugin daemon;

    • ftexample:Simple full-text parser plugin;

    • archive:Archive Storage Engine;

    • blackhole:Basic Write-only Read-never tables;

    • csv:Stores tables in text CSV format,强制安装;

    • example:Example for Storage Engines for developers;

    • federated:Connects to tables on remote MySQL servers;

    • heap:Volatile memory based tables,强制安装;

    • ibmdb2i:IBM DB2 for i Storage Engine;

    • innobase:Transactional Tables using InnoDB;

    • innodb_plugin:Transactional Tables using InnoDB;

    • myisam:Traditional non-transactional MySQL tables,强制安装;

    • myisammrg:Merge multiple MySQL tables into one,强制安装;

    • ndbcluster:High Availability Clustered tables;


  • --with-plugin-PLUGIN:强制指定的插件链接至MySQL服务器;

  • --with-zlib-dir=:向MySQL提供一个自定义的压缩类库地址;

  • --without-server:仅安装MySQL客户端;

  • --without-query-cache:不要编译查询缓存;

  • --without-geometry:不要编译geometry-related部分;

  • --without-debug:编译为产品版,放弃debugging代码;

  • --without-ndb-debug:禁用special ndb debug特性;

提示:执行Configure时如果报bin/rm: cannot remove `libtoolt': No such file or directory错误,可按照下列步骤解决:

1、确认libtool是否已经安装,如果没有安装的话,则先安装libtool

# rpm -qa | grep libtool

# yum -y install libtool

2、分别执行以下三条命令:

# autoreconf --force --install

# libtoolize --automake --force

# automake --force --add-missing

再重新编译安装,问题解决!

继续执行编译:

[root@mysqldb2 mysql-5.1.51]# make > /home/jss/mysql_setuplogs_make.log 2>&1

[root@mysqldb2 mysql-5.1.51]# make install > /home/jss/mysql_setuplogs_makeinstall.log 2>&1

修改相关路径权限:

[root@mysqldb2 mysql-5.1.51]# cd /usr/local/

[root@mysqldb2 local]# chown -R mysql:mysql mysql

复制程序文件到/usr/bin目录下,方便调用:

  • [root@mysqldb2 local]# cp /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql* /usr/bin/

至此,MySQL数据库软件安装完全,此时已可使用mysql命令行工具连接其它MySQL数据库服务器了。