HTML代码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/static/bootstrap-3.3.7/dist/css/bootstrap.css">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="/templates/bootstrap-3.3.7/dist/css/bootstrap-theme.css">
    <script src="/static/jquery3.js"></script>
    <script src="/static/bootstrap-3.3.7/dist/js/bootstrap.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<h1>图书列表</h1>

<table border="1" class="table table-bordered table-hover">
    <thead>
    <tr>
        <th>ID</th>
        <th>名字</th>
        <th>出版社</th>
        <th>价格</th>
    </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
    {% for book in book_list %}
        <tr>
            <td>{{ book.id }}</td>
            <td>{{ book.title }}</td>
            <td>
                {{ book.publisher.name }}
            </td>
            <td>{{ book.price }}</td>
        </tr>
    {% endfor %}
    </tbody>
</table>
{#重点位置#}
<nav aria-label="Page navigation">
    <ul class="pagination">
        <li>
            <a href="/ormtest/book/?page=1" aria-label="Previous">
                <span aria-hidden="true">首页</span>
            </a>
        </li>
                {{ page_html|safe }}
        <li>
            <a href="/ormtest/book/?page={{ total_page }}" aria-label="Next">
                <span aria-hidden="true">尾页</span>
            </a>
        </li>
    </ul>
</nav>

</body>
</html>

Python 代码

def book_list(request):
    # 每一页显示数量
    per_page = 7

    # 总数据
    total_count = models.Book.objects.all().count()

    # 总共需要多少页显示数据
    total_page, m = divmod(total_count, per_page)
    if m:
        total_page += 1

    # 从URL中取参数,当没有page时,page_num为1,当page_num大于总页数时,赋于最后一页,当page为字符时,异常出错时,为1值
    try:
        page_num = request.GET.get("page")
        page_num = int(page_num)
        if page_num > total_page:
            page_num = total_page
        elif page_num < 1:
            page_num =1
    except Exception as e:
        page_num = 1

    #定义两个变量,截取数据
    data_start = (page_num-1)*per_page
    data_end = page_num*per_page

    #页面上总共展示多少页面
    max_page =11
    if total_page < max_page:
        max_page = total_page

    half_max_page = max_page//2    #结果为5,即左右各5页

    # 页面上展示的面码从那儿结束
    page_end = page_num + half_max_page

    #页面上展示的页码从那儿开始
    page_start = page_num - half_max_page

    #如果当前面减一半比1还小
    if page_start <= 1:
        page_start = 1
        page_end = max_page

    #如果当前页大于总页数
    if page_end >= total_page:
        page_end = total_page
        page_start = total_page-max_page+1

    #在后台拼接分页的html
    html_str_list = []
    for i in range(page_start, page_end+1):
        #为当前加一个active样式
        if i == page_num:
            tmp = '<li class=active><a href="/ormtest/book/?page={0}">{0}</a></li>'.format(i)
        else:
            tmp = '<li><a href="/ormtest/book/?page={0}">{0}</a></li>'.format(i)
        html_str_list.append(tmp)

    #将所有li的html文件拼接连接成一块
    page_html = "".join(html_str_list)
    #print(page_html)

    all_book = models.Book.objects.all()[data_start:data_end]
    return render(request,"book.html",{"book_list":all_book,"page_html":page_html,"total_page":total_page})

展示效果

Django 之 分页功能